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Last updated: 5th Mar 2024

What treatment options exist for HIV?

A large effort in the fight against HIV has focussed on HIV prevention strategies including protection during sex, regular HIV testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). For patients who have HIV, several antiretroviral therapies (ART), or combined ART (cART) are available.

HIV can now be managed as a chronic condition, and HIV treatment and prevention strategies, including HIV vaccines are continuously under investigation in clinical trials.

HIV podcast series

What is the latest on patient management in HIV? Find out with a series of up-to-date podcasts featuring HIV experts.

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HIV quiz

Do you know the current prevalence, unmet needs and latest guidelines on two-drug regimens for HIV? What is your understanding of the current state of this infectious disease and its management? Find out by taking this quiz and learn more with additional content on Medthority.

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What antiretroviral therapeutic drug regimens are approved to manage HIV?

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is typically made up of a combination of antiretroviral medicines given most often in the form of three-drug regimens, but also as two-drug regimens and four-drug regimens. Combining antiretroviral medicines with differing modes of action increases the chance for HIV viral suppression to undetectable levels.

Maintaining an undetectable HIV viral load is important since patients cannot transmit HIV when in this state, and it reduces the risk for developing ART treatment resistance through HIV mutation. ART treatment adherence, as well as ART regime switching in virally suppressed patients, also serve to prevent ART resistance onset. Important strategies for monitoring ART treatment response and ART treatment resistance in HIV patients include regular assessments for HIV viral load, and CD4 lymphocyte counts.


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