Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways which remains uncontrolled despite current therapy for many patients. Asthma is characterised by fluctuating symptoms which include coughing, chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath. Genetic and environmental factors contribute to asthma and there are numerous stimuli that can trigger asthma, both atopic (allergic) and non-atopic (non-allergic).
Asthma has no cure, so long-term prevention focuses on avoiding known triggers. Asthma is classified by the frequency and extent of symptoms, the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow rate.
Treatment options for asthma include inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) which can be used alongside long-acting beta 2 agonists (LABA) or antileukotriene agents if the symptoms persist. Short-acting β2-agonist (SABA) as the only treatment is no longer recommended following strong evidence that this increases the risk of severe exacerbations and asthma-related death. Adding any ICS significantly reduces this risk.
To find out more about moderate to severe asthma, visit our dedicated Learning Zone, which contains further information on the causes of asthma and the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) recommendations for management.
Featured Learning Zones
The Respiratory Care Learning Zone contains essential information on Inhaled Therapies in Asthma and COPD and its Management. The Learning Zone also has an Educational Resources section which features slide kits, congress news and webinars and videos relevant to asthma and COPD.
Related news and insights
Novartis announced that full results from the Phase III IRIDIUM study were published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. The primary endpoint results show that once-daily treatment with high- and medium-dose Enerzair Breezhaler (QVM149; indacaterol acetate, glycopyrronium bromide and mometasone furoate [IND/GLY/MF]) demonstrated statistically significant improvements in lung function compared with once-daily QMF149 (indacaterol acetate and mometasone furoate [IND/MF]).
Novartis announced that full results from the Phase IIIb ARGON study were published online in Respiratory Medicine.
Novartis announced that the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has adopted a positive opinion recommending the approval of Enerzair Breezhaler (QVM 149; indacaterol acetate, glycopyrronium bromide and mometasone furoate [IND/GLY/MF]) as a maintenance treatment of asthma in adult patients not adequately controlled with a maintenance combination of a long acting beta2 agonist (LABA) and a high dose of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) who experienced one or more asthma exacerbations in the previous year.
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