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Containing dedicated Learning Zones, guidelines, trials and news for related conditions in Ophthalmology.
Read time: 5 mins
Last updated: 9th Jun 2022


Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that relates to the study, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions that affect the eye.

What conditions affect the eye?

The most common eye conditions include refractive errors (for example, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia), glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal conditions, such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. Common eye conditions that are apparent from a young age include amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (ocular misalignment).

Related Clinical Trials


  1. Gilbert C, Foster A. Childhood blindness in the context of VISION 2020--the right to sight. Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79(3):227–32.
  2. Couser NL, Brooks BP, Drack AV, Shankar SP. The evolving role of genetics in ophthalmology. Ophthalmic Genet. 2021:1-4. doi: 10.1080/13816810.2020.1868011.
  3. Guimaraes TAC, Georgiou M, Bainbridge JWB, Michaelides M. Gene therapy for neovascular age-related macular degeneration: rationale, clinical trials and future directions. Br J Ophthalmol. 2021;105(2):151–157.