Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of cancer and focuses on the management of cancer from diagnosis through to palliative care.
Cancer is a group of cells (usually derived from a single cell) that has lost its normal control mechanisms. Cancerous cells can develop from any tissue within any organ and can spread throughout the body (metastasise). Cancerous tissue can be divided into those of the blood and blood-forming tissue, and solid tumours, carcinomas or sarcomas, or described as breast cancer including metastatic breast cancer, HER2+, triple negative, gynaecological cancers such as ovarian and cervical, and genitourinary cancer such as prostate cancer.
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