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Update on phase III KeyVibe-010 trial evaluating an investigational coformulation of vibostolimab and pembrolizumab as adjuvant treatment for patients with resected high-risk melanoma

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Published:14th May 2024

Merck Inc., known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, announced the discontinuation of the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation arm of the Phase III KeyVibe-010 trial

The trial is evaluating the investigational coformulation of vibostolimab, an anti-TIGIT antibody, and pembrolizumab (Keytruda), Merck’s anti-PD-1 therapy, compared to Keytruda alone, as adjuvant treatment for patients with resected high-risk melanoma (Stage IIB-IV).

At a pre-planned analysis, data showed that the primary endpoint of recurrence-free survival (RFS) met the pre-specified futility criteria. A higher rate of discontinuation of all adjuvant therapy by patients in the coformulation arm versus the Keytruda-only arm, primarily due to immune-mediated adverse experiences, rendered it highly unlikely that the trial could achieve a statistically significant improvement in RFS.

Based on the recommendation of an independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC), Merck is unblinding the study and recommends that patients receiving the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation be offered the option to be treated with Keytruda monotherapy. Data analysis from this study is ongoing. Results will be shared with the scientific community and communicated to regulatory agencies.

Merck is committed to the development of new treatment options for patients with melanoma, including in earlier stages of disease, which build upon the current standard of care. The program includes the ongoing Phase III V940-001 study, in collaboration with Moderna, evaluating V940 (mRNA-4157), an investigational individualized neoantigen therapy (INT), in combination with Keytruda as adjuvant treatment in patients with resected high-risk (Stage IIB-IV) melanoma.

In the U.S., Keytruda has two approved indications in melanoma: for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, and for the adjuvant treatment of adult and pediatric (12 years and older) patients with stage IIB, IIC, or III melanoma following complete resection.

Vibostolimab is Merck’s investigational anti-TIGIT antibody that restores antitumor activity by blocking the TIGIT receptor from binding to its ligands (CD112 and CD155), thereby activating T lymphocytes that help destroy tumor cells. Merck has an extensive clinical development program evaluating the safety and efficacy of the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation alone and in combination with other agents in over 3,000 patients.

Ongoing Phase III studies evaluating the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation in lung cancer, which are routinely monitored by external data monitoring committees, include KeyVibe-003, KeyVibe-006, KeyVibe-007 and KeyVibe-008. Interim external data monitoring committee safety reviews have not resulted in any safety-related study modifications to date. No changes to these studies are anticipated based on the KeyVibe-010 findings.

Condition: Melanoma
Type: drug

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