This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Latest drug news
  • Home
  • /
  • News
  • /
  • 2021
  • /
  • 7
  • /
  • Eli Lilly releases donanemab data from the Phase I...

Eli Lilly releases donanemab data from the Phase II TRAILBLAZER-ALZ study, that demonstrated relationship between reduction of amyloid plaque and slowing of cognitive decline.

Read time: 1 mins
Published:31st Jul 2021
Today at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC 2021), Eli Lilly and Company presented two new exploratory analyses of data from the Phase II TRAILBLAZER-ALZ study.

In the first, greater amyloid plaque changes following donanemab treatment was highly associated with less cognitive decline and participants with greater plaque clearance at 24 weeks of treatment showed less tau progression. In the second, Lilly shared data showing that treatment with donanemab drives a rapid reduction of a biomarker reflecting Alzheimer's disease pathology, plasma P-tau217, which was detected within 12 weeks. In the first oral presentation, donanemab induced rapid amyloid plaque reduction at 24 weeks in participants with early symptomatic AD, with the most rapid clearance in subjects with the most severe plaque burden at baseline. The subset of participants who reached complete amyloid plaque clearance at 24 weeks (defined as an amyloid level of <24.1cl) were able to stop or reduce dosing of donanemab earlier than other patients.></24.1cl)>

Among those who achieved complete amyloid plaque clearance at 24 weeks and had a blinded switch to placebo, an exposure-response model showed minimal amyloid re-accumulation over the next year.

Additionally, among those who reached early complete amyloid plaque clearance status at 24 weeks, a flortaucipir positron emission tomography (PET) scan at 76 weeks showed a significant decrease of tau spread – a predictive biomarker for AD progression – over 76 weeks in frontal, parietal and temporal brain regions compared to placebo. Greater amyloid plaque change at 24 weeks was also associated with improved Integrated Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (iADRS) score, a validated, composite measure that combines two well-established instruments used to assess cognition and daily function in AD clinical trials. Additionally, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling showed that greater relative amyloid plaque clearance was correlated with greater clinical benefit.

A second oral presentation focused on plasma P-tau217 (tau phosphorylated at threonine 217), a research blood-biomarker developed by Lilly, associated with amyloid and tau pathology and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Planned analyses showed that treatment with donanemab resulted in early reduction of P-tau217 (LS mean log10 change -0.04) and showed significant reduction (p<0.01) by the 3-month timepoint compared to placebo (ls mean log10 change 0). decreased p-tau217 correlated significantly with amyloid change at all timepoints, at 24 weeks (r="0.394," p><0.0001) and 76 weeks (r="0.492," p><0.0001).></0.0001).></0.0001)></0.01)>

"Notably, these data support the amyloid cascade hypothesis and suggest that amyloid-related tauopathy can be altered with donanemab's impact on plaque clearance. Furthermore, the data support that early and profound amyloid clearance may translate into clinical benefit for patients," said John Sims, senior medical director of neurodegeneration and co-author of the analysis.

Condition: Alzheimers
Type: drug

Learning Zones

The Learning Zones are an educational resource for healthcare professionals that provide medical information on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and burden of disease, as well as diagnostic techniques and treatment regimens.