The Impact of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 Levels on Allergic Rhinitis.
We aimed to clarify the relation between allergic rhinitis and the serum levels of 25-hydroxivitamin D in the adult population.
The study group consisted of 86 patients with allergic rhinitis who were diagnosed with the help of history of allergy, positive signs for allergy, blood samples, and positive skin prick tests; while the control group included 43 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers with negative skin prick tests. The demographic data, medical history, findings in the physical examinations, serum levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and skin prick test results of the groups were noted. A total of 129 patients fulfilling the necessary criteria were enrolled. The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in the study group were significantly lower compared to the control group (P = .014). In the study group, median serum vitamin D levels were significantly higher in men, compared to women (P = .03). There was a significant negative correlation between IgE and vitamin D levels in the allergic rhinitis group (P = .028, r = −0.246). This study showed that patients with allergic rhinitis might be more vulnerable to have lower serum levels of vitamin D. Thus, vitamin D supplementation as an adjunctive therapy may be considered in those patients.