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Venetoclax: A new wave in hematooncology

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Published:1st May 2018
Author: Mihalyova J, Jelinek T, Growkova K, Hrdinka M, Simicek M, Hajek R.
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Ref.:Exp Hematol. 2018 May;61:10-25.
DOI:10.1016/j.exphem.2018.02.002

Inhibitors of antiapoptotic proteins of the BCL2 family can successfully restart the deregulated process of apoptosis in malignant cells. Whereas nonselective agents have been limited by their affinity to different BCL2 members, thus inducing excessive toxicity, the highly selective BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (ABT-199, Venclexta™) has an acceptable safety profile. To date, it has been approved in monotherapy for the treatment of relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion. Extension of indications can be expected in monotherapy and in combination regimens. Sensitivity to venetoclax is not common in lymphomas, but promising outcomes have been achieved in the mantle cell lymphoma group. Venetoclax is also active in multiple myeloma patients, especially in those with translocation t(11;14), even if high-risk features such as del17p are also present. Surprisingly, positive results are being obtained in elderly acute myeloid leukemia patients, in whom inhibition of BCL2 is able to substantially increase the efficacy of low-dose cytarabine or hypomethylating agents. Here, we provide a summary of available results from clinical trials and describe a specific mechanism of action that stands behind the efficacy of venetoclax in hematological malignancies.

 

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