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IL-17 in inflammatory skin diseases psoriasis and hidradenitis suppurativa

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Published:31st Jul 2020
Author: Fletcher JM, Moran B, Petrasca A, Smith CM.
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Ref.:Clin Exp Immunol. 2020 Aug;201(2):121-134.
IL-17 in inflammatory skin diseases psoriasis and hidradenitis suppurativa

The skin is one of the most important organs in the body, providing integrity and acting as a barrier to exclude microbes, allergens and chemicals. However, chronic skin inflammation can result when barrier function is defective and immune responses are dysregulated or misdirected against harmless or self-antigens. During the last 15 years interleukin (IL)-17 cytokines have emerged as key players in multiple inflammatory disorders, and they appear to be especially prominent in skin inflammation. IL-17 cytokines produced by T cells and other cell types potently activate keratinocytes to promote inflammation in a feed-forward loop. Given this key pathogenic role of the IL-17 pathway in autoimmune and inflammatory disease, it has been the focus of intense efforts to target therapeutically. The inflammatory effects of IL-17 can be targeted directly by blocking the cytokine or its receptor, or indirectly by blocking cytokines upstream of IL-17-producing cells. Psoriasis has been the major success story for anti-IL-17 drugs, where they have proven more effective than in other indications. Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is another inflammatory skin disease which, despite carrying a higher burden than psoriasis, is poorly recognized and under-diagnosed, and current treatment options are inadequate. Recently, a key role for the IL-17 pathway in the pathogenesis of HS has emerged, prompting clinical trials with a variety of IL-17 inhibitors. In this review, we discuss the roles of IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-17C in psoriasis and HS and the strategies taken to target the IL-17 pathway therapeutically.

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