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The comorbid relationship between migraine and epilepsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Published:1st Jul 2015
Author: Keezer MR, Bauer PR, Ferrari MD, Sander JW.
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Ref.:Eur J Neurol. 2015;22(7):1038-47.
DOI:10.1111/ene.12612
A number of studies have suggested a pathophysiologic link between migraine and epilepsy. Our aim was to examine the relative lifetime prevalence of migraine in people with epilepsy (PWE) as well that of epilepsy in migraineurs. We carried out a systematic review, searching five electronic databases, specified bibliographies and conference abstracts in order to identify population-based studies that measured the lifetime co-prevalence of migraine and epilepsy. Two reviewers independently screened all titles and abstracts, carried out a risk of bias assessment and extracted the data. Meta-analyses were carried out using random effects models. Of the 3640 abstracts and titles screened, we identified 10 eligible studies encompassing a total of 1,548,967 subjects. Few of the studies used validated case ascertainment tools and there were inconsistent attempts to control for confounding. There was an overall 52% increase in the prevalence of migraine among PWE versus those without epilepsy [PR: 1.52 (95% CI: 1.29, 1.79)]. There was an overall 79% increase in the prevalence of epilepsy among migraineurs versus those without migraine [PR: 1.79 (95% CI: 1.43, 2.25)]. Subgroup analyses revealed that the method of ascertaining the epilepsy or migraine status of subjects was an important source of inter-study heterogeneity. Additional high quality primary studies are required, ones that use validated and accurate methods of case ascertainment as well as control for potential confounders.

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