Stiripentol for the treatment of seizures in Dravet syndrome.
Introduction: Dravet syndrome is an early childhood-onset epilepsy syndrome characterized by drug-resistant seizures, frequent episodes of status epilepticus, and the development of neurocognitive impairment. Seizure freedom in this condition is rare and there is a higher rate of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy patients (SUDEP) than other epilepsy syndromes. Stiripentol is a recently approved medication with an indication specifically for the treatment of seizures in children with Dravet syndrome.
Areas covered: Review of relevant literature including the current and emerging treatment of seizures in children with Dravet syndrome, with a focus on stiripentol. This includes a review of the literature regarding the mechanism of action, clinical efficacy, and safety/tolerability of stiripentol.
Expert opinion: Stiripentol has been available through expanded access programs resulting in a reduction of seizures and episodes of status epilepticus. With the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approval, this treatment option will be more readily available to the Dravet syndrome population in the United States. The approval comes at a time of other treatment options also receiving approval (cannabidiol) and several products in ongoing studies (fenfluramine, TAK-935) providing additional treatment options and hope on the horizon for those impacted by this severe epilepsy syndrome.