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Subcutaneous semaglutide (NN9535) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

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Published:15th Feb 2018
Author: Hedrington MS, Tsiskarishvili A, Davis SN.
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Ref.:Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2018:1-9.

Introduction: It is critical for individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to maintain optimal glycemia while avoiding hypoglycemia, control body weight, and reduce cardiovascular risk. The GLP-1 receptor agonists stimulate glucose-dependent insulin release (low risk of hypoglycemia), inhibit glucagon secretion, slow gastric emptying and suppress appetite (weight loss). The new members of the class are available as once daily or weekly injections. Additionally, some members of the class have demonstrated reduced cardiovascular risk.

Areas covered: This manuscript describes semaglutide – a new investigational long acting GLP-1 receptor agonist. The key trials from the clinical development process are reviewed and important end-points highlighted.

Expert opinion: Once-weekly semaglutide has shown superiority in reducing glycosylated hemoglobin and body weight in comparison with placebo and active comparators when used as monotherapy or in combination treatment. In addition, semaglutide improved markers of β-cell function and have shown cardiovascular risk reduction similar to once daily liraglutide. Although, overall semaglutide safety was comparable to other GLP-1 receptor agonists (low risk of hypoglycemia and high frequency of gastrointestinal side effects), increase in retinopathy complications requires further investigation.


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