Prevention of malnutrition in cystic fibrosis.
Purpose of review: Malnutrition is one of the major burdens of disease in cystic fibrosis. The prevention of malnutrition remains a priority throughout the life of a patient with cystic fibrosis. Literature and guidelines on the management of nutrition in cystic fibrosis have been published; however, here we review updated findings in cystic fibrosis nutrition as well as the role of novel treatments.
Recent findings: We review the latest studies on the importance and consequences of nutrition in cystic fibrosis. Novel findings on specific nutrients such as vitamin D and sodium can improve our care and thereby health and growth outcomes. The role of exercise has been further studied. In the field of new treatments, we review the role of cystic fibrosis transmembrane-conductance regulator potentiators and modulators in cystic fibrosis nutrition. A new feeding tube fat-digesting device has been developed and shows promise in cystic fibrosis enteral nutrition.
Summary: Advances in the nutritional care of cystic fibrosis are forming and believed to further develop in the near future, adding to the recent progress in cystic fibrosis patients’ health, survival, and quality of life.