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Early activation of hemostasis during cardiopulmonary bypass: evidence for thrombin mediated hyperfibrinolysis.

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Published:6th Sep 1992
Author: Teufelsbauer H, Proidl S, Havel M, Vukovich T.
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Ref.:Thromb Haemost. 1992;68(3):250-2.
In 14 consecutive patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for coronary bypass surgery the time course of coagulation and fibrinolysis markers were measured, e. g. plasma levels of thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT) complexes, cross-linked fibrin degradation products (XIFDP) and plasmin-alpha 2-antiplasmin complexes (PAP). TAT levels exceeded the 90% baseline percentile already during CPB (after opening of aortic clamp) in 10 patients, whereas PAP and XIFDP exceeded their 90% percentile in only one patient at this time. Concerning fibrinolysis markers PAP and XIFDP the majority of patients showed elevations higher than their 90% baseline percentile only 1 h postoperation. Correlation analysis revealed significant dependencies between TAT levels during and at the end of CPB and PAP levels 1 h postoperation (R = 0.55 and R = 0.56 respectively). Furthermore, 1 h postoperation XIFDP levels were significantly correlated with both TAT and PAP. Peak XIFDP levels at the same time correlated with blood loss via thoracic drains (R = 0.56). Thus, we suggest that hyperfibrinolysis in patients undergoing CPB is at least partly due to hypercoagulation. Clinically, this may implicate that intensified anticoagulation could prevent hyperfibrinolysis and reduce postoperative blood loss.

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