Peripheral Blood or Bone Marrow Stem Cells? Practical Considerations in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.
Although peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) have worldwide become the predominant source of progenitor cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), debate about their role compared with bone marrow (BM) has recently intensified, in large part based on the results of a multicenter Clinical Trials Network study which showed lower incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and improved quality of life in recipients of myeloablative HLA-matched unrelated BM compared with PBSC transplants. However, in certain patient populations, PBSC may lead to improved clinical outcomes due to faster hematologic recovery, a lower risk of graft failure, and possibly a lower probability of relapse.
This review will provide a comprehensive summary of studies comparing PBSC with BM as the graft source in terms of acute and chronic GVHD incidence, time to engraftment, and disease-free and overall survival probabilities after HLA-matched related and unrelated donor transplantation and haploidentical donor transplantation. Recommendations based on these studies regarding the use of PBSC versus BM for HSCT are offered.