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Long-term safety and efficacy of emicizumab in a phase 1/2 study in patients with hemophilia A with or without inhibitors.

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Published:26th Sep 2017
Author: Shima M, Hanabusa H, Taki M, Matsushita T, Sato T, Fukutake K et al.
Source: Blood Advances
Availability: Free full text
Ref.:Blood Adv. 2017;1(22):1891-1899.
Long-term safety and efficacy of emicizumab in a phase 1/2 study in patients with hemophilia A with or without inhibitors

Emicizumab (ACE910), a recombinant humanized bispecific monoclonal antibody, provides factor VIII (FVIII) cofactor bridging function to restore hemostasis in people with hemophilia A. In a phase 1 trial involving 18 Japanese patients with severe hemophilia A, once-weekly subcutaneous administration of emicizumab 0.3, 1, or 3 mg/kg (cohorts 1, 2, and 3, respectively) was well tolerated and substantially reduced annualized bleeding rates (ABRs) in the presence or absence of FVIII inhibitors.

The current study represents an open-label, long-term extension of the previously reported 12-week phase 1 study, in which 16 of 18 patients continued to receive emicizumab for up to 33.3 months. Long-term emicizumab treatment was well tolerated, with no thromboembolic events reported and no neutralizing antiemicizumab antibodies developing during the course of the study. Plasma concentrations of emicizumab increased in a dose-proportional manner, with activated partial thromboplastin times remaining short. In cohorts 1, 2, and 3, respectively, median ABRs remained low at 1.4, 0.2, and 0 compared with 4.4, 0, and 0 in the 12-week study. Overall, 8 patients experienced no bleeding events (6 patients with and 2 patients without FVIII inhibitors); dose up-titration resulted in further reduction in ABRs in patients with suboptimal bleeding control; and the episodic use of clotting factors to control bleeding was reduced. In conclusion, long-term emicizumab treatment demonstrated a favorable safety profile with encouraging efficacy, irrespective of the presence of FVIII inhibitors, in patients with hemophilia A. This study was registered at as #JapicCTI-132195.


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