2018 ESC Guidelines for the management of cardiovascular diseases during pregnancy: The Task Force for the Management of Cardiovascular Diseases during Pregnancy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)
Since the previous version of these Guidelines was published in 2012, new evidence has accumulated, particularly on diagnostic techniques, risk assessment, and the use of cardiovascular drugs. This made a revision of the recommendations necessary.
Pregnancy is complicated by maternal disease in 1–4% of cases. New data about the prevalence and incidence of pregnancy-related heart disease are limited from most parts of the world. Sudden adult death syndrome, peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), aortic dissection, and myocardial infarction (MI) were the most common causes of maternal death in the UK over the period 2006–08.
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