Guidelines and new directions in the therapy and monitoring of ATTRv amyloidosis
Guidelines and new directions in the therapy and monitoring of ATTRv amyloidosis - International Society of Amyloidosis
The recent approval of three drugs for the treatment of amyloid transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis, both hereditary and wild-type, has opened a new era in the care of these diseases. ATTR amyloidosis is embedded in its pathophysiology, and the drugs target critical steps of the amyloid cascade. In addition to liver transplant, which removes the pathogenic variants, the introduction of gene silencers has allowed the suppression of both wild type and mutant transthyretin (TTR), thus extending the potential therapeutic range to wild-type cardiac amyloidosis. The kinetic stabilisation of TTR using small molecules has proved to be clinically effective both for amyloid neuropathy and cardiomyopathy. Gene silencers and kinetic stabilizers were recently approved on the basis of the outcome of phase III trials; however, comparative trials have not been performed, making it difficult to draw recommendations. Indications for liver transplantation have narrowed considerably. Here, guidelines for therapy are proposed based on expert consensus, acknowledging that the several drugs currently undergoing clinical trials will probably change in the near future the therapeutic armamentarium and, consequently, the therapeutic strategy. Indications for monitoring disease progression and drug efficacy are also provided for the management of these complexes, but now very treatable, diseases.
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