This site is intended for healthcare professionals
FDA Hero  Banner - Multi-coloured pills and tablets
FDA Drug information

Regadenoson

Read time: 1 mins
Marketing start date: 14 Jul 2024

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling. Myocardial Ischemia [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] Sinoatrial and Atrioventricular Nodal Block [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] Atrial Fibrillation/Atrial Flutter [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] Hypersensitivity, Including Anaphylaxis [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] Hypotension [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 )] Bronchoconstriction [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 )] Seizure [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )] Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke) [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )] The most common (incidence ≥ 5%) adverse reactions to regadenoson are dyspnea, headache, flushing, chest discomfort, dizziness, angina pectoris, chest pain, and nausea ( 6 ). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Meitheal Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-844-824-8426 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. During clinical development, 1,651 patients were exposed to regadenoson, with most receiving 0.4 mg as a rapid (≤ 10 seconds) intravenous injection. Most of these patients received regadenoson in two clinical studies that enrolled patients who had no history of bronchospastic lung disease as well as no history of a cardiac conduction block of greater than first-degree AV block, except for patients with functioning artificial pacemakers. In these studies (Studies 1 and 2), 2,015 patients underwent myocardial perfusion imaging after administration of regadenoson (N = 1,337) or Adenoscan ® (N = 678). The population was 26–93 years of age (median 66 years), 70% male and primarily Caucasian (76% Caucasian, 7% African American, 9% Hispanic, 5% Asian). Table 1 shows the most frequently reported adverse reactions. Overall, any adverse reaction occurred at similar rates between the study groups (80% for the regadenoson group and 83% for the Adenoscan group). Aminophylline was used to treat the reactions in 3% of patients in the regadenoson group and 2% of patients in the Adenoscan group. Most adverse reactions began soon after dosing, and generally resolved within approximately 15 minutes, except for headache which resolved in most patients within 30 minutes. Table 1 Adverse Reactions in Studies 1 and 2 Pooled (Frequency ≥ 5%) Regadenoson N = 1,337 Adenoscan N = 678 Dyspnea 28% 26% Headache 26% 17% Flushing 16% 25% Chest Discomfort 13% 18% Angina Pectoris or ST Segment Depression 12% 18% Dizziness 8% 7% Chest Pain 7% 10% Nausea 6% 6% Abdominal Discomfort 5% 2% Dysgeusia 5% 7% Feeling Hot 5% 8% ECG Abnormalities The frequency of rhythm or conduction abnormalities following regadenoson or Adenoscan is shown in Table 2 [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )]. Table 2 Rhythm or Conduction Abnormalities* in Studies 1 and 2 * 12-lead ECGs were recorded before and for up to 2 hours after dosing. † includes rhythm abnormalities (PACs, PVCs, atrial fibrillation/flutter, wandering atrial pacemaker, supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmia) or conduction abnormalities, including AV block. Regadenoson N / N evaluable (%) Adenoscan N / N evaluable (%) Rhythm or conduction abnormalities † 332/1275 (26%) 192/645 (30%) Rhythm abnormalities 260/1275 (20%) 131/645 (20%) PACs 86/1274 (7%) 57/645 (9%) PVCs 179/1274 (14%) 79/645 (12%) First-degree AV block (PR prolongation > 220 msec) 34/1209 (3%) 43/618 (7%) Second-degree AV block 1/1209 (0.1%) 9/618 (1%) AV conduction abnormalities (other than AV blocks) 1/1209 (0.1%) 0/618 (0%) Ventricular conduction abnormalities 64/1152 (6%) 31/581 (5%) Respiratory Abnormalities In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 999 patients with asthma (n = 532) or stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 467), the overall incidence of pre-specified respiratory adverse reactions was greater in the regadenoson group compared to the placebo group (p < 0.001). Most respiratory adverse reactions resolved without therapy; a few patients received aminophylline or a short-acting bronchodilator. No differences were observed between treatment arms in the reduction of >15% from baseline at two-hours in FEV 1 ( Table 3 ). Table 3 Respiratory Adverse Effects* * All patients continued the use of their respiratory medications as prescribed prior to administration of regadenoson. † Patients may have reported more than one type of adverse reaction. Adverse reactions were collected up to 24 hours following drug administration. Pre-specified respiratory adverse reactions included dyspnea, wheezing, obstructive airway disorder, dyspnea exertional, and tachypnea. ‡ Change from baseline at 2 hours. Asthma Cohort Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Cohort Regadenoson (N=356) Placebo (N=176) Regadenoson (N=316) Placebo (N=151) Overall Pre-specified Respiratory Adverse Reaction † 12.9% 2.3% 19.0% 4.0% Dyspnea 10.7% 1.1% 18.0% 2.6% Wheezing 3.1% 1.1% 0.9% 0.7% FEV 1 reduction >15% ‡ 1.1% 2.9% 4.2% 5.4% Renal Impairment In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 504 patients (regadenoson n=334 and placebo n=170) with a diagnosis or risk factors for coronary artery disease and NKFK/DOQI Stage III or IV renal impairment (defined as GFR 15-59 mL/min/1.73 m 2 ), no serious adverse events were reported through the 24-hour follow-up period. Inadequate Exercise Stress In an open-label, multi-center trial evaluating regadenoson administration following inadequate exercise stress, 1,147 patients were randomized into one of two groups. Each group underwent two regadenoson stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) procedures. Group 1 received regadenoson 3 minutes following inadequate exercise in the first regadenoson stress (MPI 1). Group 2 rested 1 hour after inadequate exercise to allow hemodynamics to return to baseline prior to receiving regadenoson (MPI 1). Both groups returned for a second stress MPI 1-14 days later and received regadenoson without exercise (MPI 2). The most common adverse reactions are similar in type and incidence to those in Table 1 above for both Groups. The timing of the administration of regadenoson following inadequate exercise did not alter the common adverse reaction profile. Table 4 shows a comparison of cardiac events of interest for the two groups [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )]. The cardiac events were numerically higher in Group 1. Table 4 Cardiac Events of Interest in Inadequate Exercise Stress Study * A clinically significant cardiac event was defined as any of the following events found on the Holter ECG/12-lead ECG within one hour after regadenoson administration: ventricular arrhythmias (sustained ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Torsade de Pointes, ventricular flutter); ST-T depression (≥ 2 mm); ST-T elevation (≥ 1 mm); AV block (2:1 AV block, AV Mobitz I, AV Mobitz II, complete heart block); sinus arrest > 3 seconds in duration Or a Treatment Emergent Adverse Event (TEAE) per the MedDRA SMQ (narrow Scope) for myocardial infarction Or a TEAE preferred term (PT) of angina unstable within 24 hours of regadenoson administration. Cardiac Event* Group 1 / MPI 1 Regadenoson 3 minutes following exercise (N=575) Group 2 / MPI 1 Regadenoson 1 hour following exercise (N=567) 17 (3.0%) 3 (0.5%) Holter/12-Lead ECG Abnormality ST-T Depression (≥ 2 mm) 13 (2.3%) 2 (0.4%) ST-T Elevation (≥ 1 mm) 3 (0.5%) 1 (0.2%) Acute coronary syndrome 1 (0.2%) 0 Myocardial infarction 1 (0.2%) 0 6.2 Post-Marketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been reported from worldwide marketing experience with regadenoson. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Cardiovascular Myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, ventricular arrhythmias, supraventricular tachyarrhythmias including atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response (new-onset or recurrent), atrial flutter, heart block (including third-degree block), asystole, marked hypertension, symptomatic hypotension in association with transient ischemic attack, acute coronary syndrome (ACS), seizures and syncope [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 ), ( 5.2 ), ( 5.3 ), ( 5.5 ), ( 5.6 ) and ( 5.8 )] have been reported. Some events required intervention with fluids and/or aminophylline [see Overdosage ( 10 )]. QTc prolongation shortly after regadenoson administration has been reported. Central Nervous System Tremor, seizure, transient ischemic attack, and cerebrovascular accident including intracranial hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 ) and ( 5.9 )]. Gastrointestinal Abdominal pain, occasionally severe, has been reported a few minutes after regadenoson administration, in association with nausea, vomiting, or myalgias; administration of aminophylline, an adenosine antagonist, appeared to lessen the pain. Diarrhea and fecal incontinence have also been reported following regadenoson administration. Hypersensitivity Anaphylaxis, angioedema, cardiac or respiratory arrest, respiratory distress, decreased oxygen saturation, hypotension, throat tightness, urticaria, rashes have occurred and have required treatment including resuscitation [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )]. Musculoskeletal Musculoskeletal pain has occurred, typically 10-20 minutes after regadenoson administration; the pain was occasionally severe, localized in the arms and lower back and extended to the buttocks and lower legs bilaterally. Administration of aminophylline appeared to lessen the pain. Respiratory Respiratory arrest, dyspnea and wheezing have been reported following regadenoson administration.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Do not administer regadenoson to patients with: Second- or third-degree AV block, or sinus node dysfunction unless these patients have a functioning artificial pacemaker [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )]. Do not administer regadenoson to patients with: Second- or third-degree AV block, or sinus node dysfunction unless the patients have a functioning artificial pacemaker ( 4 ).

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Regadenoson is an A 2A adenosine receptor agonist that is a coronary vasodilator [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.1 )]. Regadenoson is chemically described as adenosine, 2-[4-[(methylamino)carbonyl]-1 H -pyrazol-1-yl]-, monohydrate. Its structural formula is: The molecular formula for regadenoson is C 15 H 18 N 8 O 5 • H 2 O and its molecular weight is 408.37. Regadenoson Injection is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for intravenous injection. The solution is clear and colorless. Each 1 mL in the 5 mL pre-filled syringe contains 0.084 mg of regadenoson monohydrate, corresponding to 0.08 mg regadenoson on an anhydrous basis, 8.7 mg dibasic sodium phosphate anhydrous, 5.4 mg monobasic sodium phosphate monohydrate, 150 mg propylene glycol, 1 mg edetate disodium dihydrate, and water for injection, with pH between 6.3 and 7.7. Structural Formula

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION The recommended dose of regadenoson injection is 5 mL (0.4 mg regadenoson) administered as an intravenous injection within 10 seconds. Patients should be instructed to avoid consumption of any products containing methylxanthines, including caffeinated coffee, tea or other caffeinated beverages, caffeine-containing drug products, aminophylline and theophylline for at least 12 hours before a scheduled radionuclide MPI [see Drug Interactions ( 7.1 ) and Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 )]. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. Do not administer regadenoson injection if it contains particulate matter or is discolored. Administer regadenoson injection as an intravenous injection within 10 seconds into a peripheral vein using a 22 gauge or larger catheter or needle. Administer a 5 mL saline flush immediately after the injection of regadenoson injection. Administer the radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging agent 10–20 seconds after the saline flush. The radionuclide may be injected directly into the same catheter as regadenoson injection. The recommended dose of regadenoson injection is 5 mL (0.4 mg regadenoson) administered as an intravenous injection within 10 seconds; followed immediately by saline flush and radiopharmaceutical ( 2 ).

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Regadenoson Injection is a pharmacologic stress agent indicated for radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients unable to undergo adequate exercise stress. Regadenoson Injection is a pharmacologic stress agent indicated for radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients unable to undergo adequate exercise stress ( 1 ).

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE Regadenoson overdosage may result in serious reactions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5 )]. In a study of healthy volunteers, symptoms of flushing, dizziness and increased heart rate were assessed as intolerable at regadenoson doses greater than 0.02 mg/kg. Aminophylline to Reverse Effects Methylxanthines, such as caffeine, aminophylline, and theophylline, are competitive adenosine receptor antagonists and aminophylline has been used to terminate persistent pharmacodynamic effects. Aminophylline may be administered in doses ranging from 50 mg to 250 mg by slow intravenous injection (50 mg to 100 mg over 30–60 seconds). Methylxanthine use is not recommended in patients who experience a seizure in association with regadenoson administration [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )].

Adverse Reactions Table

Table 1 Adverse Reactions in Studies 1 and 2 Pooled (Frequency ≥ 5%)
Regadenoson N = 1,337Adenoscan N = 678
Dyspnea 28% 26%
Headache 26% 17%
Flushing 16% 25%
Chest Discomfort 13% 18%
Angina Pectoris or ST Segment Depression 12% 18%
Dizziness 8% 7%
Chest Pain 7% 10%
Nausea 6% 6%
Abdominal Discomfort 5% 2%
Dysgeusia 5% 7%
Feeling Hot 5% 8%

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS No formal pharmacokinetic drug interaction studies have been conducted with regadenoson. Methylxanthines, e.g., caffeine, aminophylline and theophylline, interfere with the activity of regadenoson ( 7.1 , 12.2 ). Aminophylline may be used to attenuate severe and/or persistent adverse reactions to regadenoson ( 7.1 , 10 ). Dipyridamole may increase the activity of regadenoson. When possible, withhold dipyridamole for at least two days prior to regadenoson administration ( 7.1 ). 7.1 Effects of Other Drugs on Regadenoson Methylxanthines (e.g., caffeine, aminophylline and theophylline) are non-specific adenosine receptor antagonists that interfere with the vasodilation activity of regadenoson [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 ) and Patient Counseling Information ( 17 )]. Patients should avoid consumption of any products containing methylxanthines as well as any drugs containing theophylline or aminophylline for at least 12 hours before regadenoson administration. Aminophylline may be used to attenuate severe or persistent adverse reactions to regadenoson [see Overdosage ( 10 )]. In clinical studies, regadenoson was administered to patients taking other cardioactive drugs (i.e., β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, nitrates, cardiac glycosides, and angiotensin receptor blockers) without reported adverse reactions or apparent effects on efficacy. Dipyridamole may change the effects of regadenoson. When possible, withhold dipyridamole for at least two days prior to regadenoson administration. 7.2 Effect of Regadenoson on Other Drugs Regadenoson does not inhibit the metabolism of substrates for CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, or CYP3A4 in human liver microsomes, indicating that it is unlikely to alter the pharmacokinetics of drugs metabolized by these cytochrome P450 enzymes.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action Regadenoson is a low affinity agonist (K i ≈ 1.3 μM) for the A 2A adenosine receptor, with at least 10-fold lower affinity for the A 1 adenosine receptor (K i > 16.5 μM), and weak, if any, affinity for the A 2B and A 3 adenosine receptors. Activation of the A 2A adenosine receptor by regadenoson produces coronary vasodilation and increases coronary blood flow (CBF). 12.2 Pharmacodynamics Coronary Blood Flow Regadenoson causes a rapid increase in CBF which is sustained for a short duration. In patients undergoing coronary catheterization, pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasonography was used to measure the average peak velocity (APV) of coronary blood flow before and up to 30 minutes after administration of regadenoson (0.4 mg, intravenously). Mean APV increased to greater than twice baseline by 30 seconds and decreased to less than twice the baseline level within 10 minutes [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3 )]. Myocardial uptake of the radiopharmaceutical is proportional to CBF. Because regadenoson increases blood flow in normal coronary arteries with little or no increase in stenotic arteries, regadenoson causes relatively less uptake of the radiopharmaceutical in vascular territories supplied by stenotic arteries. MPI intensity after regadenoson administration is therefore greater in areas perfused by normal relative to stenosed arteries. Effect of Duration of Injection A study in dogs compared the effects of intravenous injection of 2.5 mcg/kg regadenoson (in 10 mL) over 10 seconds and 30 seconds on CBF. The duration of a two-fold increase in CBF was 97±14 seconds (n=6) and 221±20 seconds (n=4), respectively, for the 10 second and 30 second injections. The peak effects (i.e., maximal increase) on CBF after the 10 second and 30 second injections were 217±15% and 297±33% above baseline, respectively. The times to peak effect on CBF were 17±2 seconds and 27±6 seconds, respectively. Effect of Aminophylline Aminophylline (100 mg, administered by slow intravenous injection over 60 seconds) injected 1 minute after 0.4 mg regadenoson in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, was shown to shorten the duration of the coronary blood flow response to regadenoson as measured by pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasonography [see Overdosage ( 10 )]. Effect of Caffeine Ingestion of caffeine decreases the ability to detect reversible ischemic defects. In a placebo-controlled, parallel group clinical study, patients with known or suspected myocardial ischemia received a baseline rest/stress MPI followed by a second stress MPI. Patients received caffeine or placebo 90 minutes before the second regadenoson stress MPI. Following caffeine administration (200 or 400 mg), the mean number of reversible defects identified was reduced by approximately 60%. This decrease was statistically significant [see Drug Interactions ( 7.1 ) and Patient Counseling Information ( 17 )]. Hemodynamic Effects In clinical studies, the majority of patients had an increase in heart rate and a decrease in blood pressure within 45 minutes after administration of regadenoson. Maximum hemodynamic changes after regadenoson and Adenoscan in Studies 1 and 2 are summarized in Table 5 . Table 5 Hemodynamic Effects in Studies 1 and 2 Vital Sign Parameter Regadenoson N = 1,337 Adenoscan N = 678 Heart Rate > 100 bpm 22% 13% Increase > 40 bpm 5% 3% Systolic Blood Pressure < 90 mm Hg 2% 3% Decrease > 35 mm Hg 7% 8% ≥ 200 mm Hg 1.9% 1.9% Increase ≥ 50 mm Hg 0.7% 0.8% ≥ 180 mm Hg and increase of ≥ 20 mm Hg from baseline 4.6% 3.2% Diastolic Blood Pressure < 50 mm Hg 2% 4% Decrease > 25 mm Hg 4% 5% ≥ 115 mm Hg 0.9% 0.9% Increase ≥ 30 mm Hg 0.5% 1.1% Hemodynamic Effects Following Inadequate Exercise In a clinical study, regadenoson was administered for MPI following inadequate exercise stress. More patients with regadenoson administration three minutes following inadequate exercise stress had an increase in heart rate and a decrease in systolic blood pressure compared with regadenoson administered at rest. The changes were not associated with any clinically significant adverse reactions. Maximum hemodynamic changes are presented in Table 6 . Table 6 Hemodynamic Effects in Inadequate Exercise Stress Study Vital Sign Parameter Group 1 / MPI 1 Regadenoson 3 minutes following exercise (N=575) Group 2 / MPI 1 Regadenoson 1 hour following exercise (N=567) Heart Rate > 100 bpm 44% 31% Increase > 40 bpm 5% 16% Systolic Blood Pressure < 90 mm Hg 2% 4% Decrease > 35 mm Hg 29% 10% ≥ 200 mm Hg 0.9% 0.4% Increase ≥ 50 mm Hg 2% 0.4% ≥ 180 mm Hg and increase of ≥ 20 mm Hg from baseline 5% 2% Diastolic Blood Pressure < 50 mm Hg 3% 3% Decrease > 25 mm Hg 6% 5% ≥ 115 mm Hg 0.7% 0.4% Increase ≥ 30 mm Hg 2% 1% Respiratory Effects The A 2B and A 3 adenosine receptors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of bronchoconstriction in susceptible individuals (i.e., asthmatics). In in vitro studies, regadenoson has not been shown to have appreciable binding affinity for the A 2B and A 3 adenosine receptors. In a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 999 patients with a diagnosis, or risk factors for, coronary artery disease and concurrent asthma or COPD, the incidence of respiratory adverse reactions (dyspnea, wheezing) was greater with regadenoson compared to placebo. Moderate (2.5%) or severe (< 1%) respiratory reactions were observed more frequently in the regadenoson group compared to placebo [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )]. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics In healthy subjects, the regadenoson plasma concentration-time profile is multi-exponential in nature and best characterized by 3-compartment model. The maximal plasma concentration of regadenoson is achieved within 1 to 4 minutes after injection of regadenoson and parallels the onset of the pharmacodynamic response. The half-life of this initial phase is approximately 2 to 4 minutes. An intermediate phase follows, with a half-life on average of 30 minutes coinciding with loss of the pharmacodynamic effect. The terminal phase consists of a decline in plasma concentration with a half-life of approximately 2 hours [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 )]. Within the dose range of 0.3–20 mcg/kg in healthy subjects, clearance, terminal half-life or volume of distribution do not appear dependent upon the dose. A population pharmacokinetic analysis including data from subjects and patients demonstrated that regadenoson clearance decreases in parallel with a reduction in creatinine clearance and clearance increases with increased body weight. Age, gender, and race have minimal effects on the pharmacokinetics of regadenoson. Specific Populations Renally Impaired Patients The disposition of regadenoson was studied in 18 patients with various degrees of renal function and in 6 healthy subjects. With increasing renal impairment, from mild (CLcr 50 to < 80 mL/min) to moderate (CLcr 30 to < 50 mL/min) to severe renal impairment (CLcr < 30 mL/min), the fraction of regadenoson excreted unchanged in urine and the renal clearance decreased, resulting in increased elimination half-lives and AUC values compared to healthy subjects (CLcr ≥ 80 mL/min). However, the maximum observed plasma concentrations as well as volumes of distribution estimates were similar across the groups. The plasma concentration-time profiles were not significantly altered in the early stages after dosing when most pharmacologic effects are observed. No dose adjustment is needed in patients with renal impairment. Patients with End Stage Renal Disease The pharmacokinetics of regadenoson in patients on dialysis has not been assessed; however, in an in vitro study regadenoson was found to be dialyzable. Hepatically Impaired Patients The influence of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of regadenoson has not been evaluated. Because greater than 55% of the dose is excreted in the urine as unchanged drug and factors that decrease clearance do not affect the plasma concentration in the early stages after dosing when clinically meaningful pharmacologic effects are observed, no dose adjustment is needed in patients with hepatic impairment. Geriatric Patients Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis, age has a minor influence on the pharmacokinetics of regadenoson. No dose adjustment is needed in elderly patients. Metabolism The metabolism of regadenoson is unknown in humans. Incubation with rat, dog, and human liver microsomes as well as human hepatocytes produced no detectable metabolites of regadenoson. Excretion In healthy volunteers, 57% of the regadenoson dose is excreted unchanged in the urine (range 19-77%), with an average plasma renal clearance around 450 mL/min, i.e., in excess of the glomerular filtration rate. This indicates that renal tubular secretion plays a role in regadenoson elimination.

Clinical Pharmacology Table

Table 5 Hemodynamic Effects in Studies 1 and 2
Vital Sign ParameterRegadenoson N = 1,337Adenoscan N = 678
Heart Rate
> 100 bpm 22% 13%
Increase > 40 bpm 5% 3%
Systolic Blood Pressure
< 90 mm Hg 2% 3%
Decrease > 35 mm Hg 7% 8%
≥ 200 mm Hg 1.9% 1.9%
Increase ≥ 50 mm Hg 0.7% 0.8%
≥ 180 mm Hg and increase of ≥ 20 mm Hg from baseline 4.6% 3.2%
Diastolic Blood Pressure
< 50 mm Hg 2% 4%
Decrease > 25 mm Hg 4% 5%
≥ 115 mm Hg 0.9% 0.9%
Increase ≥ 30 mm Hg 0.5% 1.1%

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action Regadenoson is a low affinity agonist (K i ≈ 1.3 μM) for the A 2A adenosine receptor, with at least 10-fold lower affinity for the A 1 adenosine receptor (K i > 16.5 μM), and weak, if any, affinity for the A 2B and A 3 adenosine receptors. Activation of the A 2A adenosine receptor by regadenoson produces coronary vasodilation and increases coronary blood flow (CBF).

Pharmacodynamics

12.2 Pharmacodynamics Coronary Blood Flow Regadenoson causes a rapid increase in CBF which is sustained for a short duration. In patients undergoing coronary catheterization, pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasonography was used to measure the average peak velocity (APV) of coronary blood flow before and up to 30 minutes after administration of regadenoson (0.4 mg, intravenously). Mean APV increased to greater than twice baseline by 30 seconds and decreased to less than twice the baseline level within 10 minutes [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3 )]. Myocardial uptake of the radiopharmaceutical is proportional to CBF. Because regadenoson increases blood flow in normal coronary arteries with little or no increase in stenotic arteries, regadenoson causes relatively less uptake of the radiopharmaceutical in vascular territories supplied by stenotic arteries. MPI intensity after regadenoson administration is therefore greater in areas perfused by normal relative to stenosed arteries. Effect of Duration of Injection A study in dogs compared the effects of intravenous injection of 2.5 mcg/kg regadenoson (in 10 mL) over 10 seconds and 30 seconds on CBF. The duration of a two-fold increase in CBF was 97±14 seconds (n=6) and 221±20 seconds (n=4), respectively, for the 10 second and 30 second injections. The peak effects (i.e., maximal increase) on CBF after the 10 second and 30 second injections were 217±15% and 297±33% above baseline, respectively. The times to peak effect on CBF were 17±2 seconds and 27±6 seconds, respectively. Effect of Aminophylline Aminophylline (100 mg, administered by slow intravenous injection over 60 seconds) injected 1 minute after 0.4 mg regadenoson in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, was shown to shorten the duration of the coronary blood flow response to regadenoson as measured by pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasonography [see Overdosage ( 10 )]. Effect of Caffeine Ingestion of caffeine decreases the ability to detect reversible ischemic defects. In a placebo-controlled, parallel group clinical study, patients with known or suspected myocardial ischemia received a baseline rest/stress MPI followed by a second stress MPI. Patients received caffeine or placebo 90 minutes before the second regadenoson stress MPI. Following caffeine administration (200 or 400 mg), the mean number of reversible defects identified was reduced by approximately 60%. This decrease was statistically significant [see Drug Interactions ( 7.1 ) and Patient Counseling Information ( 17 )]. Hemodynamic Effects In clinical studies, the majority of patients had an increase in heart rate and a decrease in blood pressure within 45 minutes after administration of regadenoson. Maximum hemodynamic changes after regadenoson and Adenoscan in Studies 1 and 2 are summarized in Table 5 . Table 5 Hemodynamic Effects in Studies 1 and 2 Vital Sign Parameter Regadenoson N = 1,337 Adenoscan N = 678 Heart Rate > 100 bpm 22% 13% Increase > 40 bpm 5% 3% Systolic Blood Pressure < 90 mm Hg 2% 3% Decrease > 35 mm Hg 7% 8% ≥ 200 mm Hg 1.9% 1.9% Increase ≥ 50 mm Hg 0.7% 0.8% ≥ 180 mm Hg and increase of ≥ 20 mm Hg from baseline 4.6% 3.2% Diastolic Blood Pressure < 50 mm Hg 2% 4% Decrease > 25 mm Hg 4% 5% ≥ 115 mm Hg 0.9% 0.9% Increase ≥ 30 mm Hg 0.5% 1.1% Hemodynamic Effects Following Inadequate Exercise In a clinical study, regadenoson was administered for MPI following inadequate exercise stress. More patients with regadenoson administration three minutes following inadequate exercise stress had an increase in heart rate and a decrease in systolic blood pressure compared with regadenoson administered at rest. The changes were not associated with any clinically significant adverse reactions. Maximum hemodynamic changes are presented in Table 6 . Table 6 Hemodynamic Effects in Inadequate Exercise Stress Study Vital Sign Parameter Group 1 / MPI 1 Regadenoson 3 minutes following exercise (N=575) Group 2 / MPI 1 Regadenoson 1 hour following exercise (N=567) Heart Rate > 100 bpm 44% 31% Increase > 40 bpm 5% 16% Systolic Blood Pressure < 90 mm Hg 2% 4% Decrease > 35 mm Hg 29% 10% ≥ 200 mm Hg 0.9% 0.4% Increase ≥ 50 mm Hg 2% 0.4% ≥ 180 mm Hg and increase of ≥ 20 mm Hg from baseline 5% 2% Diastolic Blood Pressure < 50 mm Hg 3% 3% Decrease > 25 mm Hg 6% 5% ≥ 115 mm Hg 0.7% 0.4% Increase ≥ 30 mm Hg 2% 1% Respiratory Effects The A 2B and A 3 adenosine receptors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of bronchoconstriction in susceptible individuals (i.e., asthmatics). In in vitro studies, regadenoson has not been shown to have appreciable binding affinity for the A 2B and A 3 adenosine receptors. In a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 999 patients with a diagnosis, or risk factors for, coronary artery disease and concurrent asthma or COPD, the incidence of respiratory adverse reactions (dyspnea, wheezing) was greater with regadenoson compared to placebo. Moderate (2.5%) or severe (< 1%) respiratory reactions were observed more frequently in the regadenoson group compared to placebo [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )].

Pharmacodynamics Table

Table 5 Hemodynamic Effects in Studies 1 and 2
Vital Sign ParameterRegadenoson N = 1,337Adenoscan N = 678
Heart Rate
> 100 bpm 22% 13%
Increase > 40 bpm 5% 3%
Systolic Blood Pressure
< 90 mm Hg 2% 3%
Decrease > 35 mm Hg 7% 8%
≥ 200 mm Hg 1.9% 1.9%
Increase ≥ 50 mm Hg 0.7% 0.8%
≥ 180 mm Hg and increase of ≥ 20 mm Hg from baseline 4.6% 3.2%
Diastolic Blood Pressure
< 50 mm Hg 2% 4%
Decrease > 25 mm Hg 4% 5%
≥ 115 mm Hg 0.9% 0.9%
Increase ≥ 30 mm Hg 0.5% 1.1%

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics In healthy subjects, the regadenoson plasma concentration-time profile is multi-exponential in nature and best characterized by 3-compartment model. The maximal plasma concentration of regadenoson is achieved within 1 to 4 minutes after injection of regadenoson and parallels the onset of the pharmacodynamic response. The half-life of this initial phase is approximately 2 to 4 minutes. An intermediate phase follows, with a half-life on average of 30 minutes coinciding with loss of the pharmacodynamic effect. The terminal phase consists of a decline in plasma concentration with a half-life of approximately 2 hours [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 )]. Within the dose range of 0.3–20 mcg/kg in healthy subjects, clearance, terminal half-life or volume of distribution do not appear dependent upon the dose. A population pharmacokinetic analysis including data from subjects and patients demonstrated that regadenoson clearance decreases in parallel with a reduction in creatinine clearance and clearance increases with increased body weight. Age, gender, and race have minimal effects on the pharmacokinetics of regadenoson. Specific Populations Renally Impaired Patients The disposition of regadenoson was studied in 18 patients with various degrees of renal function and in 6 healthy subjects. With increasing renal impairment, from mild (CLcr 50 to < 80 mL/min) to moderate (CLcr 30 to < 50 mL/min) to severe renal impairment (CLcr < 30 mL/min), the fraction of regadenoson excreted unchanged in urine and the renal clearance decreased, resulting in increased elimination half-lives and AUC values compared to healthy subjects (CLcr ≥ 80 mL/min). However, the maximum observed plasma concentrations as well as volumes of distribution estimates were similar across the groups. The plasma concentration-time profiles were not significantly altered in the early stages after dosing when most pharmacologic effects are observed. No dose adjustment is needed in patients with renal impairment. Patients with End Stage Renal Disease The pharmacokinetics of regadenoson in patients on dialysis has not been assessed; however, in an in vitro study regadenoson was found to be dialyzable. Hepatically Impaired Patients The influence of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of regadenoson has not been evaluated. Because greater than 55% of the dose is excreted in the urine as unchanged drug and factors that decrease clearance do not affect the plasma concentration in the early stages after dosing when clinically meaningful pharmacologic effects are observed, no dose adjustment is needed in patients with hepatic impairment. Geriatric Patients Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis, age has a minor influence on the pharmacokinetics of regadenoson. No dose adjustment is needed in elderly patients. Metabolism The metabolism of regadenoson is unknown in humans. Incubation with rat, dog, and human liver microsomes as well as human hepatocytes produced no detectable metabolites of regadenoson. Excretion In healthy volunteers, 57% of the regadenoson dose is excreted unchanged in the urine (range 19-77%), with an average plasma renal clearance around 450 mL/min, i.e., in excess of the glomerular filtration rate. This indicates that renal tubular secretion plays a role in regadenoson elimination.

Effective Time

20220415

Version

4

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Single-dose pre-filled syringe: clear, colorless solution containing regadenoson 0.4 mg per 5 mL (0.08 mg per mL). Injection: Single-dose pre-filled syringe: 0.4 mg per 5 mL (0.08 mg per mL) ( 3 ).

Spl Product Data Elements

Regadenoson Regadenoson regadenoson regadenoson anhydrous sodium phosphate, dibasic, anhydrous sodium phosphate, monobasic, monohydrate propylene glycol edetate disodium water

Animal Pharmacology And Or Toxicology

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology Cardiomyopathy Minimal cardiomyopathy (myocyte necrosis and inflammation) was observed in rats following single-dose administration of regadenoson. Increased incidence of minimal cardiomyopathy was observed on day 2 in males at doses of 0.08, 0.2 and 0.8 mg/kg (1/5, 2/5, and 5/5) and in females (2/5) at 0.8 mg/kg. In a separate study in male rats, the mean arterial pressure was decreased by 30 to 50% of baseline values for up to 90 minutes at regadenoson doses of 0.2 and 0.8 mg/kg, respectively. No cardiomyopathy was noted in rats sacrificed 15 days following single administration of regadenoson. The mechanism of the cardiomyopathy induced by regadenoson was not elucidated in this study but was associated with the hypotensive effects of regadenoson. Profound hypotension induced by vasoactive drugs is known to cause cardiomyopathy in rats. Local Irritation Intravenous administration of regadenoson to rabbits resulted in perivascular hemorrhage, vein vasculitis, inflammation, thrombosis and necrosis, with inflammation and thrombosis persisting through day 8 (last observation day). Perivascular administration of regadenoson to rabbits resulted in hemorrhage, inflammation, pustule formation and epidermal hyperplasia, which persisted through day 8 except for the hemorrhage which resolved. Subcutaneous administration of regadenoson to rabbits resulted in hemorrhage, acute inflammation, and necrosis; on day 8 muscle fiber regeneration was observed.

Carcinogenesis And Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Regadenoson was negative in the Ames bacterial mutation assay, chromosomal aberration assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, and mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay. Long-term animal studies have not been conducted to evaluate regadenoson's carcinogenic potential or potential effects on fertility.

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Regadenoson was negative in the Ames bacterial mutation assay, chromosomal aberration assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, and mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay. Long-term animal studies have not been conducted to evaluate regadenoson's carcinogenic potential or potential effects on fertility. 13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology Cardiomyopathy Minimal cardiomyopathy (myocyte necrosis and inflammation) was observed in rats following single-dose administration of regadenoson. Increased incidence of minimal cardiomyopathy was observed on day 2 in males at doses of 0.08, 0.2 and 0.8 mg/kg (1/5, 2/5, and 5/5) and in females (2/5) at 0.8 mg/kg. In a separate study in male rats, the mean arterial pressure was decreased by 30 to 50% of baseline values for up to 90 minutes at regadenoson doses of 0.2 and 0.8 mg/kg, respectively. No cardiomyopathy was noted in rats sacrificed 15 days following single administration of regadenoson. The mechanism of the cardiomyopathy induced by regadenoson was not elucidated in this study but was associated with the hypotensive effects of regadenoson. Profound hypotension induced by vasoactive drugs is known to cause cardiomyopathy in rats. Local Irritation Intravenous administration of regadenoson to rabbits resulted in perivascular hemorrhage, vein vasculitis, inflammation, thrombosis and necrosis, with inflammation and thrombosis persisting through day 8 (last observation day). Perivascular administration of regadenoson to rabbits resulted in hemorrhage, inflammation, pustule formation and epidermal hyperplasia, which persisted through day 8 except for the hemorrhage which resolved. Subcutaneous administration of regadenoson to rabbits resulted in hemorrhage, acute inflammation, and necrosis; on day 8 muscle fiber regeneration was observed.

Application Number

ANDA212806

Brand Name

Regadenoson

Generic Name

Regadenoson

Product Ndc

71288-201

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

INTRAVENOUS

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – Regadenoson Injection 5 mL Syringe Label NDC 71288- 201 -85 Rx only Regadenoson Injection 0.4 mg per 5 mL (0.08 mg per mL) For Intravenous Use Only 5 mL Single-Dose Pre-filled Syringe Discard unused portion Regadenoson syringe

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Drug Interaction Patients should be instructed to avoid consumption of any products containing methylxanthines, including caffeinated coffee, tea or other caffeinated beverages, caffeine-containing drug products, aminophylline and theophylline for at least 12 hours before a scheduled radionuclide MPI [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 ) and Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 )]. Cardiovascular Advise patients that they may be at increased risk of fatal and nonfatal heart attacks, abnormal heart rhythms, cardiac arrest, significant increase or decrease in blood pressure, or cerebrovascular accidents (stroke) with the use of regadenoson [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 ), ( 5.3 ), ( 5.5 ), ( 5.6 ) and ( 5.9 )]. Hypersensitivity Inform patients that allergic reactions have been reported with regadenoson. Advise patients how to recognize such a reaction and when to seek medical attention [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )]. Respiratory Advise patients with COPD or asthma about the need for administration of pre- and post-study bronchodilator therapy and to call their clinician if they experience any shortness of breath or difficulty breathing following an MPI study with regadenoson [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 )]. Seizures Advise patients that they may be at increased risk of seizures. Question patients about a history of seizures [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )]. Lactation Advise a woman to pump and discard breast milk for 10 hours after regadenoson administration [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.2 )]. Brands listed are the trademarks of their respective owners. Mfd. for Meitheal Pharmaceuticals Chicago, IL 60631 (USA) ©2021 Meitheal Pharmaceuticals Inc. Mfd. by Nanjing King-Friend Biochemical Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Nanjing, China 210061 January 2021 810045-00 Logo

Clinical Studies

14 CLINICAL STUDIES Agreement between Regadenoson and Adenoscan The efficacy and safety of regadenoson were determined relative to Adenoscan in two randomized, double-blind studies (Studies 1 and 2) in 2,015 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease who were indicated for pharmacologic stress MPI. A total of 1,871 of these patients had images considered valid for the primary efficacy evaluation, including 1,294 (69%) men and 577 (31%) women with a median age of 66 years (range 26–93 years of age). Each patient received an initial stress scan using Adenoscan (6-minute infusion using a dose of 0.14 mg/kg/min, without exercise) with a radionuclide gated SPECT imaging protocol. After the initial scan, patients were randomized to either regadenoson or Adenoscan, and received a second stress scan with the same radionuclide imaging protocol as that used for the initial scan. The median time between scans was 7 days (range of 1–104 days). The most common cardiovascular histories included hypertension (81%), CABG, PTCA or stenting (51%), angina (63%), and history of myocardial infarction (41%) or arrhythmia (33%); other medical history included diabetes (32%) and COPD (5%). Patients with a recent history of serious uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina, a history of greater than first-degree AV block, or with symptomatic bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, or a heart transplant were excluded. A number of patients took cardioactive medications on the day of the scan, including β-blockers (18%), calcium channel blockers (9%), and nitrates (6%). In the pooled study population, 68% of patients had 0–1 segments showing reversible defects on the initial scan, 24% had 2–4 segments, and 9% had ≥ 5 segments. Comparison of the images obtained with regadenoson to those obtained with Adenoscan was performed as follows. Using the 17-segment model, the number of segments showing a reversible perfusion defect was calculated for the initial Adenoscan study and for the randomized study obtained using regadenoson or Adenoscan. The agreement rate for the image obtained with regadenoson or Adenoscan relative to the initial Adenoscan image was calculated by determining how frequently the patients assigned to each initial Adenoscan category (0–1, 2–4, 5–17 reversible segments) were placed in the same category with the randomized scan. The agreement rates for regadenoson and Adenoscan were calculated as the average of the agreement rates across the three categories determined by the initial scan. Studies 1 and 2 each demonstrated that regadenoson is similar to Adenoscan in assessing the extent of reversible perfusion abnormalities ( Table 7 ). Table 7 Agreement Rates in Studies 1 and 2 Study 1 Study 2 Adenoscan – Adenoscan Agreement Rate (± SE) 61 ± 3% 64 ± 4% Adenoscan – Regadenoson Agreement Rate (± SE) 62 ± 2% 63 ± 3% Rate Difference (Regadenoson – Adenoscan) (± SE) 95% Confidence Interval 1 ± 4% -7.5, 9.2% -1 ± 5% -11.2, 8.7% Use of Regadenoson in Patients with Inadequate Exercise Stress The efficacy and safety of regadenoson administered 3 minutes (Group 1) or 1 hour (Group 2) following inadequate exercise stress were evaluated in an open-label randomized, multi-center, non-inferiority study. Adequate exercise was defined as ≥ 85% maximum predicted heart rate and ≥ 5 METS. SPECT MPI was performed 60-90 minutes after regadenoson administration in each group (MPI 1). Patients returned 1-14 days later to undergo a second stress MPI with regadenoson without exercise (MPI 2). All patients were referred for evaluation of coronary artery disease. Of the 1,147 patients randomized, a total of 1,073 patients received regadenoson and had interpretable SPECT scans at all visits; 538 in Group 1 and 535 in Group 2. The median age of the patients was 62 years (range 28 to 90 years) and included 633 (59%) men and 440 (41%) women. Images from MPI 1 and MPI 2 for the two groups were compared for presence or absence of perfusion defects. The level of agreement between the MPI 1 and the MPI 2 reads in Group 1 was similar to the level of agreement between MPI 1 and MPI 2 reads in Group 2. However, two patients receiving regadenoson 3 minutes following inadequate exercise experienced a serious cardiac adverse reaction. No serious cardiac adverse reactions occurred in patients receiving regadenoson 1 hour following inadequate exercise stress [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 ), Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 )].

Clinical Studies Table

Table 7 Agreement Rates in Studies 1 and 2
Study 1Study 2
Adenoscan – Adenoscan Agreement Rate (± SE) 61 ± 3% 64 ± 4%
Adenoscan – Regadenoson Agreement Rate (± SE) 62 ± 2% 63 ± 3%
Rate Difference (Regadenoson – Adenoscan) (± SE) 95% Confidence Interval 1 ± 4% -7.5, 9.2% -1 ± 5% -11.2, 8.7%

Geriatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use Of the 1,337 patients receiving regadenoson in Studies 1 and 2, 56% were 65 years of age and over and 24% were 75 years of age and over. Older patients (≥ 75 years of age) had a similar adverse event profile compared to younger patients (< 65 years of age), but had a higher incidence of hypotension (2% vs. ≤ 1%).

Pediatric Use

8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Pregnancy

8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no available data on regadenoson use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. In animal reproduction studies, adverse developmental outcomes were observed with the administration of regadenoson to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis only at doses that produced maternal toxicity ( see Data ). In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Reproductive studies in rats showed that regadenoson doses 10 and 20 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) based on body surface area caused reduced fetal body weights and significant ossification delays in fore- and hind limb phalanges and metatarsals; maternal toxicity also occurred at these doses. Skeletal variations were increased in all treated groups. In rabbits, maternal toxicity occurred at regadenoson doses administered during organogenesis at 4 times the MRHD; however, there were no teratogenic effects in offspring at this dose. At higher doses, 12 and 20 times the MRHD, maternal toxicity occurred along with increased embryo-fetal loss and fetal malformations.

Use In Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no available data on regadenoson use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. In animal reproduction studies, adverse developmental outcomes were observed with the administration of regadenoson to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis only at doses that produced maternal toxicity ( see Data ). In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Reproductive studies in rats showed that regadenoson doses 10 and 20 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) based on body surface area caused reduced fetal body weights and significant ossification delays in fore- and hind limb phalanges and metatarsals; maternal toxicity also occurred at these doses. Skeletal variations were increased in all treated groups. In rabbits, maternal toxicity occurred at regadenoson doses administered during organogenesis at 4 times the MRHD; however, there were no teratogenic effects in offspring at this dose. At higher doses, 12 and 20 times the MRHD, maternal toxicity occurred along with increased embryo-fetal loss and fetal malformations. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There is no information on the presence of regadenoson in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential risk of serious cardiac reactions in the breastfed infant, advise the nursing mother to pump and discard breast milk for 10 hours after administration of regadenoson. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the 1,337 patients receiving regadenoson in Studies 1 and 2, 56% were 65 years of age and over and 24% were 75 years of age and over. Older patients (≥ 75 years of age) had a similar adverse event profile compared to younger patients (< 65 years of age), but had a higher incidence of hypotension (2% vs. ≤ 1%). 8.6 Renal Impairment No dose adjustment is needed in patients with renal impairment including patients with end stage renal disease and/or dependent on dialysis [see Pharmacokinetics ( 12.3 )].

How Supplied

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING Regadenoson Injection, a clear, colorless solution, is supplied as follows: NDC Regadenoson Injection (0.08 mg per mL) Package Factor 71288- 201 -85 0.4 mg regadenoson per 5 mL Single-Dose Pre-filled Syringe 1 syringe per carton Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Discard unused portion. Sterile, Nonpyrogenic, Preservative-free. The container closure is not made with natural rubber latex.

How Supplied Table

NDCRegadenoson Injection (0.08 mg per mL)Package Factor
71288-201-85 0.4 mg regadenoson per 5 mL Single-Dose Pre-filled Syringe 1 syringe per carton

Learning Zones

The Learning Zones are an educational resource for healthcare professionals that provide medical information on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and burden of disease, as well as diagnostic techniques and treatment regimens.

Disclaimer

The drug Prescribing Information (PI), including indications, contra-indications, interactions, etc, has been developed using the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) as a source (www.fda.gov).

Medthority offers the whole library of PI documents from the FDA. Medthority will not be held liable for explicit or implicit errors, or missing data.

Drugs appearing in this section are approved by the FDA. For regions outside of the United States, this content is for informational purposes only and may not be aligned with local regulatory approvals or guidance.