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Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide

Read time: 1 mins
Marketing start date: 21 Jul 2024

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are described in more detail elsewhere in the label; • Worsening angina or myocardial infarction [see Warnings and Precautions (5) ] • Worsening heart failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5) ] • Worsening AV block [see Contraindications (4) ] To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Mylan at 1-877-446-3679 (1-877-4-INFO-RX) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.2 Post-Marketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been reported in postmarketing experience: adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Metoprolol Confusional state, an increase in blood triglycerides and a decrease in High Density Lipoprotein (HDL). Very rare reports of hepatitis, jaundice and non-specific hepatic dysfunction. Isolated cases of transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, and lactic dehydrogenase elevations have also been reported. Hydrochlorothiazide Digestive: Pancreatitis, jaundice (intrahepatic cholestatic), sialadenitis, vomiting, diarrhea, cramping, nausea, gastric irritation, constipation, anorexia. Cardiovascular: Orthostatic hypotension (may be potentiated by alcohol, barbiturates, or narcotics). Neurologic: Vertigo, dizziness, transient blurred vision, headache, paresthesia, xanthopsia, weakness, restlessness. Musculoskeletal: Muscle spasm. Hematologic: Aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia. Metabolic: Hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hyperuricemia. Hypersensitive Reactions: Necrotizing angiitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, respiratory distress including pneumonitis and pulmonary edema, purpura, urticaria, rash, photosensitivity. Other Beta-Adrenergic Agent Reactions A variety of adverse reactions have been reported with other beta-adrenergic blocking agents and should be considered potential adverse reactions to metoprolol tartrate. Central Nervous System: Reversible mental depression progressing to catatonia; visual disturbances; hallucinations; an acute reversible syndrome characterized by disorientation for time and place, emotional lability, clouded sensorium, and decreased performance on neuropsychometrics. Hematologic: Agranulocytosis, nonthrombocytopenic purpura, thrombocytopenic purpura. Hypersensitive Reactions: Laryngospasm and respiratory distress.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets are contraindicated in patients with: • Cardiogenic shock or decompensated heart failure . • Sinus bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, and greater than first-degree block unless a permanent pacemaker is in place . • Anuria • Hypersensitivity to metoprolol tartrate or hydrochlorothiazide or to other sulfonamide-derived drugs. • Hypersensitivity to metoprolol tartrate or hydrochlorothiazide or other sulfonamide-derived drugs. ( 4 ) • Cardiogenic shock or decompensated heart failure. ( 4 ) • Sinus bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, and greater than first-degree block unless a permanent pacemaker is in place. ( 4 ) • Anuria. ( 4 )

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets, USP have the antihypertensive effect of metoprolol tartrate, a beta adrenoreceptor blocker, and hydrochlorothiazide, a thiazide diruetic. It is available as tablets for oral administration. The 50/25 tablets contain 50 mg of metoprolol tartrate and 25 mg of hydrochlorothiazide; the 100/25 tablets contain 100 mg of metoprolol tartrate and 25 mg of hydrochlorothiazide; and the 100/50 tablets contain 100 mg of metoprolol tartrate and 50 mg of hydrochlorothiazide. Metoprolol tartrate is (±)-1-(Isopropylamino)-3-[ p -(2-methoxyethyl)phenoxy]-2-propanol L-(+)-tartrate (2:1) salt, and its structural formula is Metoprolol tartrate, USP is a white, crystalline powder. It is very soluble in water; freely soluble in methylene chloride, in chloroform, and in alcohol; slightly soluble in acetone; and insoluble in ether. Its molecular weight is 684.81. Hydrochlorothiazide is 6-Chloro-3,4-dihydro-2 H -1,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide 1,1-dioxide, and its structural formula is Hydrochlorothiazide, USP is a white, or practically white, practically odorless, crystalline powder. It is freely soluble in sodium hydroxide solution, in n- butylamine, and in dimethylformamide; sparingly soluble in methanol; slightly soluble in water; and insoluble in ether, in chloroform, and in dilute mineral acids. Its molecular weight is 297.74. Inactive Ingredients: Anhydrous lactose, colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, FD&C Yellow No. 6 Aluminum Lake, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, pregelatinized starch (corn) and sodium lauryl sulfate. Metoprolol Tartrate Structural Formula Hydrochlorothiazide Structural Formula

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION • Usual dose range: Hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 to 25 mg and metoprolol tartrate 100 mg dosed once daily. ( 2.1 ) 2.1 Recommended Dosage Titrate doses of individual components before switching to metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets. Administer metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets with or immediately following meals. Hydrochlorothiazide is usually given at a dosage of 12.5 mg to 50 mg per day. The usual initial dosage of metoprolol is 100 mg daily in single or divided doses. Dosage may be increased gradually until optimum blood pressure control is achieved. Once daily dosing may not maintain the full effect for the entire dosing period, particularly at lower doses. In such patients, consider administration in divided doses. Dosing regimens that exceed 50 mg of hydrochlorothiazide per day are not recommended.

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets are indicated for the treatment of hypertension, to lower blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure lowers the risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions. These benefits have been seen in controlled trials of antihypertensive drugs from a wide variety of pharmacologic classes including metoprolol. Control of high blood pressure should be part of comprehensive cardiovascular risk management, including, as appropriate, lipid control, diabetes management, antithrombotic therapy, smoking cessation, exercise, and limited sodium intake. Many patients will require more than 1 drug to achieve blood pressure goals. For specific advice on goals and management, see published guidelines, such as those of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program’s Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC). Numerous antihypertensive drugs, from a variety of pharmacologic classes and with different mechanisms of action, have been shown in randomized controlled trials to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and it can be concluded that it is blood pressure reduction, and not some other pharmacologic property of the drugs, that is largely responsible for those benefits. The largest and most consistent cardiovascular outcome benefit has been a reduction in the risk of stroke, but reductions in myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality also have been seen regularly. Elevated systolic or diastolic pressure causes increased cardiovascular risk, and the absolute risk increase per mmHg is greater at higher blood pressures, so that even modest reductions of severe hypertension can provide substantial benefit. Relative risk reduction from blood pressure reduction is similar across populations with varying absolute risk, so the absolute benefit is greater in patients who are at higher risk independent of their hypertension (for example, patients with diabetes or hyperlipidemia), and such patients would be expected to benefit from more aggressive treatment to a lower blood pressure goal. Some antihypertensive drugs have smaller blood pressure effects (as monotherapy) in black patients, and many antihypertensive drugs have additional approved indications and effects (e.g., on angina, heart failure, or diabetic kidney disease). These considerations may guide selection of therapy. Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets may be administered with other antihypertensive agents. Limitation of Use: Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets are not indicated for initial therapy of hypertension. If the fixed combination represents the dose titrated to the individual patient’s needs, therapy with the fixed combination may be more convenient than with the separate components. Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide is the combination tablet of metoprolol tartrate, a beta adrenoceptor blocker and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), a thiazide diuretic, indicated for the treatment of hypertension, to lower blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions. ( 1 )

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE 10.1 Signs and Symptoms The most frequently observed signs expected with overdosage of a beta adrenergic blocker are bradycardia and bradyarrhythmia, hypotension, heart failure, cardiac conduction disturbances and bronchospasm, atrioventricular block, hypoxia, impairment of consciousness/coma, cardiogenic shock, nausea and vomiting. With thiazide diuretics, acute intoxication is rare. The most prominent feature of overdose is acute loss of fluid, electrolytes and magnesium. Signs and symptoms of overdose may include hypotension, dizziness, muscle cramps, renal impairment or failure, and sedation/ impairment of consciousness. Altered laboratory findings can also occur (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, alkalosis, increased BUN). 10.2 Management Care should be provided at a facility that can provide appropriate supporting measures, monitoring and supervision as treatment is symptomatic and supportive and there is no specific antidote. Limited data suggest that neither metoprolol nor hydrochlorothiazide is dialyzable. If justified, gastric lavage and/or activated charcoal can be administered. Based on the expected pharmacologic actions and recommendations for other beta adrenergic blockers and hydrochlorothiazide, the following measures should be considered when clinically warranted. Hemodialysis is unlikely to make a useful contribution to metoprolol elimination [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . Bradycardia and Conduction Disturbances Use atropine, adrenergic-stimulating drugs or pacemaker. Hypotension or Shock Treat underlying bradycardia. Consider intravenous expansion, vasopressors, injection of glucagon (if necessary, followed by an intravenous infusion of glucagon), or intravenous administration of adrenergic drugs such as dobutamine, Heart Failure Treat bradycardia if present and support hemodynamics with inotropes if necessary. Bronchospasm Can usually be reversed by bronchodilators.

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS • Catecholamine-depleting drugs (e.g., MAO inhibitors): Hypotension, bradycardia. ( 7.1 ) • CYP2D6 inhibitors: Increased metoprolol concentration. ( 12.3 ) • Digitalis glycosides, clonidine, diltiazem and verapamil: Bradycardia. ( 5.4 , 7.1 ) • Clonidine: Rebound hypertension following clonidine withdrawal. ( 7.1 ) • Antidiabetic drugs: Dosage adjustment may be required. ( 7.2 ) • Cholestyramine and colestipol: Reduced absorption of thiazides. ( 7.2 ) • Lithium: Risk of lithium toxicity. ( 7.2 ) • Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): Reduced diuretic, natriuretic, and antihypertensive effects of diuretics. ( 7.2 ) 7.1 Drug Interactions with Metoprolol Catecholamine Depleting Drugs The concomitant use of catecholamine-depleting drugs (e.g., reserpine, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors) with beta adrenergic blockers may have an additive affect and increase the risk of hypotension or bradycardia CYP2D6 Inhibitors Drugs that are strong inhibitors of CYP2D6 such as quinidine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and propafenone were shown to double metoprolol concentrations. While there is no information about moderate or weak inhibitors, these too are likely to increase metoprolol concentration. Increases in plasma concentration decrease the cardioselectivity of metoprolol [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . Monitor patients closely when the combination cannot be avoided. Digitalis, Clonidine, and Calcium Channel Blockers Digitalis glycosides, clonidine, diltiazem and verapamil slow atrioventricular conduction and decrease heart rate. Concomitant use with beta blockers can increase the risk of bradycardia. If clonidine and a beta blocker, such as metoprolol are coadministered, withdraw the betablocker several days before the gradual withdrawal of clonidine because beta-blockers may exacerbate the rebound hypertension that can follow the withdrawal of clonidine. If replacing clonidine by beta-blocker therapy, delay the introduction of beta-blockers for several days after clonidine administration has stopped. 7.2 Drug Interactions with Hydrochlorothiazide Antidiabetic Drugs (oral agents and insulin) Dosage adjustment of the antidiabetic drug may be required. Ion Exchange Resins Absorption of hydrochlorothiazide is impaired in the presence of anionic exchange resins. Single doses of either cholestyramine or colestipol resins bind the hydrochlorothiazide and reduce its absorption from the gastrointestinal tract by up to 85% and 43%, respectively. Stagger the dosage of hydrochlorothiazide and ion exchange resins ( e.g., cholestyramine and colestipol resins ) such that hydrochlorothiazide is administered at least 4 hours before or 4-6 hours after the administration of resins to minimize the interaction. Lithium Diuretics reduce the renal clearance of lithium and increase the risk of lithium toxicity. Monitor serum lithium concentrations during concurrent use. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs NSAIDs can reduce the diuretic, natriuretic, and antihypertensive effects of thiazide diuretics.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action Metoprolol is a beta1-selective (cardioselective) adrenergic receptor blocker. This preferential effect is not absolute however, and at higher plasma concentrations, metoprolol also inhibits beta2-adrenoreceptors, chiefly located in the bronchial and vascular musculature. Metoprolol has no intrinsic sympathomimetic activity, and membrane-stabilizing activity is detectable only at plasma concentrations much greater than required for beta-blockade. Animal and human experiments indicate that metoprolol slows the sinus rate and decreases AV nodal conduction. The mechanism of the antihypertensive effects of beta-blocking agents has not been elucidated. However, several possible mechanisms have been proposed: (1) competitive antagonism of catecholamines at peripheral (especially cardiac) adrenergic neuron sites, leading to decreased cardiac output; (2) a central effect leading to reduced sympathetic outflow to the periphery; and (3) suppression of renin activity. The mechanism of antihypertensive effect of thiazide diuretics is unknown. 12.2 Pharmacodynamics Metoprolol Clinical pharmacology studies have confirmed the beta-blocking activity of metoprolol in man, as shown by (1) reduction in heart rate and cardiac output at rest and upon exercise, (2) reduction of systolic blood pressure upon exercise, (3) inhibition of isoproterenol-induced tachycardia, and (4) reduction of reflex orthostatic tachycardia. Significant beta-blocking effect (as measured by reduction of exercise heart rate) occurs within 1 hour after oral administration, and its duration is dose-related. For example, a 50% reduction of the maximum registered effect after single oral doses of 20, 50, and 100 mg occurred at 3.3, 5.0, and 6.4 hours, respectively, in normal subjects. After repeated oral dosages of 100 mg twice daily, a significant reduction in exercise systolic blood pressure was evident at 12 hours. There is a linear relationship between the log of plasma levels and reduction of exercise heart rate. However, antihypertensive activity does not appear to be related to plasma levels. Because of variable plasma levels attained with a given dose and lack of a consistent relationship of antihypertensive activity to dose, selection of proper dosage requires individual titration. The onset of action of thiazides occurs in 2 hours and the peak effect at about 4 hours. The action persists for approximately 6 to 12 hours. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics Absorption In man, absorption of metoprolol HCT is rapid and complete. Plasma levels following oral administration, however, approximate 50% of levels following intravenous administration, indicating about 50% first-pass metabolism. Hydrochlorothiazide is rapidly absorbed, as indicated by peak plasma concentrations 1 to 2.5 hours after oral administration. Plasma levels of the drug are proportional to dose; the concentration in whole blood is 1.6 to 1.8 times higher than in plasma. Thiazides affect the renal tubular mechanism of electrolyte reabsorption. At maximal therapeutic dosage, all thiazides are approximately equal in their diuretic potency. Thiazides increase excretion of sodium and chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Natriuresis causes a secondary loss of potassium. The mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of thiazides is unknown. Thiazides do not affect normal blood pressure. Effect of Food Gastrointestinal absorption of hydrochlorothiazide is enhanced when administered with food. Absorption is decreased in patients with congestive heart failure, and the pharmacokinetics are considerably different in these patients. Distribution Plasma levels achieved are highly variable after oral administration. Only a small fraction of the drug (about 12%) is bound to human serum albumin. Metoprolol is a racemic mixture of R- and S-enantiomers. Less than 5% of an oral dose of metoprolol is recovered unchanged in the urine; the rest is excreted by the kidneys as metabolites that appear to have no clinical significance. The systemic availability and half-life of metoprolol in patients with renal failure do not differ to a clinically significant degree from those in normal subjects. Consequently, no reduction in dosage is usually needed in patients with chronic renal failure. Elimination Thiazides are eliminated rapidly by the kidney. After oral administration of 25 mg to 100 mg doses, 72% to 97% of the dose is excreted in the urine, indicating dose-independent absorption. Hydrochlorothiazide is eliminated from plasma in a biphasic fashion with a terminal half-life of 10 to 17 hours. Plasma protein binding is 67.9%. Plasma clearance is 15.9 to 30.0 L/hr; volume of distribution is 3.6 to 7.8 L/kg. Specific Populations Geriatric Patients In elderly subjects with clinically normal renal function, there are no significant differences in metoprolol pharmacokinetics compared to young subjects. Racial or Ethnic Groups Metoprolol is extensively metabolized by the cytochrome P450 enzyme system in the liver. The oxidative metabolism of metoprolol is under genetic control with a major contribution of the polymorphic cytochrome P450 isoform 2D6 (CYP2D6). There are marked ethnic differences in the prevalence of the poor metabolizers (PM) phenotype. Approximately 7% of Caucasians and less than 1% Asian are poor metabolizers. 12.5 Pharmacogenomics CYP2D6 is absent in about 8% of Caucasians (poor metabolizers) and about 2% of most other populations. CYP2D6 can be inhibited by several drugs. Poor metabolizers of CYP2D6 will have increased (several-fold) metoprolol blood levels, decreasing metoprolol's cardioselectivity.

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action Metoprolol is a beta1-selective (cardioselective) adrenergic receptor blocker. This preferential effect is not absolute however, and at higher plasma concentrations, metoprolol also inhibits beta2-adrenoreceptors, chiefly located in the bronchial and vascular musculature. Metoprolol has no intrinsic sympathomimetic activity, and membrane-stabilizing activity is detectable only at plasma concentrations much greater than required for beta-blockade. Animal and human experiments indicate that metoprolol slows the sinus rate and decreases AV nodal conduction. The mechanism of the antihypertensive effects of beta-blocking agents has not been elucidated. However, several possible mechanisms have been proposed: (1) competitive antagonism of catecholamines at peripheral (especially cardiac) adrenergic neuron sites, leading to decreased cardiac output; (2) a central effect leading to reduced sympathetic outflow to the periphery; and (3) suppression of renin activity. The mechanism of antihypertensive effect of thiazide diuretics is unknown.

Pharmacodynamics

12.2 Pharmacodynamics Metoprolol Clinical pharmacology studies have confirmed the beta-blocking activity of metoprolol in man, as shown by (1) reduction in heart rate and cardiac output at rest and upon exercise, (2) reduction of systolic blood pressure upon exercise, (3) inhibition of isoproterenol-induced tachycardia, and (4) reduction of reflex orthostatic tachycardia. Significant beta-blocking effect (as measured by reduction of exercise heart rate) occurs within 1 hour after oral administration, and its duration is dose-related. For example, a 50% reduction of the maximum registered effect after single oral doses of 20, 50, and 100 mg occurred at 3.3, 5.0, and 6.4 hours, respectively, in normal subjects. After repeated oral dosages of 100 mg twice daily, a significant reduction in exercise systolic blood pressure was evident at 12 hours. There is a linear relationship between the log of plasma levels and reduction of exercise heart rate. However, antihypertensive activity does not appear to be related to plasma levels. Because of variable plasma levels attained with a given dose and lack of a consistent relationship of antihypertensive activity to dose, selection of proper dosage requires individual titration. The onset of action of thiazides occurs in 2 hours and the peak effect at about 4 hours. The action persists for approximately 6 to 12 hours.

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics Absorption In man, absorption of metoprolol HCT is rapid and complete. Plasma levels following oral administration, however, approximate 50% of levels following intravenous administration, indicating about 50% first-pass metabolism. Hydrochlorothiazide is rapidly absorbed, as indicated by peak plasma concentrations 1 to 2.5 hours after oral administration. Plasma levels of the drug are proportional to dose; the concentration in whole blood is 1.6 to 1.8 times higher than in plasma. Thiazides affect the renal tubular mechanism of electrolyte reabsorption. At maximal therapeutic dosage, all thiazides are approximately equal in their diuretic potency. Thiazides increase excretion of sodium and chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Natriuresis causes a secondary loss of potassium. The mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of thiazides is unknown. Thiazides do not affect normal blood pressure. Effect of Food Gastrointestinal absorption of hydrochlorothiazide is enhanced when administered with food. Absorption is decreased in patients with congestive heart failure, and the pharmacokinetics are considerably different in these patients. Distribution Plasma levels achieved are highly variable after oral administration. Only a small fraction of the drug (about 12%) is bound to human serum albumin. Metoprolol is a racemic mixture of R- and S-enantiomers. Less than 5% of an oral dose of metoprolol is recovered unchanged in the urine; the rest is excreted by the kidneys as metabolites that appear to have no clinical significance. The systemic availability and half-life of metoprolol in patients with renal failure do not differ to a clinically significant degree from those in normal subjects. Consequently, no reduction in dosage is usually needed in patients with chronic renal failure. Elimination Thiazides are eliminated rapidly by the kidney. After oral administration of 25 mg to 100 mg doses, 72% to 97% of the dose is excreted in the urine, indicating dose-independent absorption. Hydrochlorothiazide is eliminated from plasma in a biphasic fashion with a terminal half-life of 10 to 17 hours. Plasma protein binding is 67.9%. Plasma clearance is 15.9 to 30.0 L/hr; volume of distribution is 3.6 to 7.8 L/kg. Specific Populations Geriatric Patients In elderly subjects with clinically normal renal function, there are no significant differences in metoprolol pharmacokinetics compared to young subjects. Racial or Ethnic Groups Metoprolol is extensively metabolized by the cytochrome P450 enzyme system in the liver. The oxidative metabolism of metoprolol is under genetic control with a major contribution of the polymorphic cytochrome P450 isoform 2D6 (CYP2D6). There are marked ethnic differences in the prevalence of the poor metabolizers (PM) phenotype. Approximately 7% of Caucasians and less than 1% Asian are poor metabolizers.

Effective Time

20220518

Version

10

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide Tablets, USP are available containing 50 mg or 100 mg of metoprolol tartrate, USP and 25 mg or 50 mg of hydrochlorothiazide, USP providing for the following available combinations: 50 mg/25 mg, 100 mg/25 mg or 100 mg/50 mg. • The 50 mg/25 mg tablets are peach, round, scored tablets debossed with M above the score and 424 below the score on one side of the tablet and blank on the other side. • The 100 mg/25 mg tablets are peach, oval, scored tablets debossed with M to the left of the score and 434 to the right of the score on one side of the tablet and blank on the other side. • The 100 mg/50 mg tablets are peach, capsule-shaped, scored tablets debossed with M to the left of the score and 445 to the right of the score on one side of the tablet and blank on the other side. Tablets (metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide: 50/25mg; 100/25mg; 100/50mg ( 3 )

Spl Product Data Elements

Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide METOPROLOL TARTRATE METOPROLOL HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE SILICON DIOXIDE CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 MAGNESIUM STEARATE MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE POVIDONE, UNSPECIFIED STARCH, CORN SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE peach M;424 Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide METOPROLOL TARTRATE METOPROLOL HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE SILICON DIOXIDE CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 MAGNESIUM STEARATE MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE POVIDONE, UNSPECIFIED STARCH, CORN SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE peach M;434 Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide METOPROLOL TARTRATE METOPROLOL HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE SILICON DIOXIDE CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 MAGNESIUM STEARATE MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE POVIDONE, UNSPECIFIED STARCH, CORN SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE peach capsule-shaped M;445

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide Tablets: Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity studies have not been conducted with metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets. Metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets produced no evidence of impaired fertility in male or female rats administered gavaged doses up to 200/50 mg/kg (about 10 and 20 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide, respectively, on a mg/m 2 basis) prior to mating and throughout gestation and rearing of young. Metoprolol Tartrate: Long-term studies in animals have been conducted to evaluate carcinogenic potential. In a 2- year study in rats at three oral dosage levels of up to 800 mg/kg per day (41 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg for a 60-kg patient), there was no increase in the development of spontaneously occurring benign or malignant neoplasms of any type. The only histologic changes that appeared to be drug related were an increased incidence of generally mild focal accumulation of foamy macrophages in pulmonary alveoli and a slight increase in biliary hyperplasia. In a 21-month study in Swiss albino mice at three oral dosage levels of up to 750 mg/kg per day (about 18 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg for a 60-kg patient), benign lung tumors (small adenomas) occurred more frequently in female mice receiving the highest dose than in untreated control animals. There was no increase in malignant or total (benign plus malignant) lung tumors, or in the overall incidence of tumors or malignant tumors. This 21-month study was repeated in CD-1 mice, and no statistically or biologically significant differences were observed between treated and control mice of either sex for any type of tumor. All mutagenicity tests performed (a dominant lethal study in mice, chromosome studies in somatic cells, a Salmonella /mammalian-microsome mutagenicity test, and a nucleus anomaly test in somatic interphase nuclei) were negative. No evidence of impaired fertility due to metoprolol tartrate was observed in a study performed in rats at doses up to 22 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg in a 60 kg patient. Hydrochlorothiazide: Two-year feeding studies in mice and rats uncovered no evidence of a carcinogenic potential of hydrochlorothiazide in female mice at doses up to approximately 600 mg/kg/day (about 120 times the MRHD of 25 mg/day on a mg/m 2 basis) or in male and female rats at doses up to approximately 100 mg/kg/day (about 40 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis). However, there was equivocal evidence for hepatocarcinogenicity in male mice. Hydrochlorothiazide was not genotoxic in the Ames bacterial mutagenicity testor the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) test for chromosomal aberrations. Nor was it genotoxic in vivo assays using mouse germinal cell chromosomes, Chinese hamster bone marrow chromosomes, and the Drosophila sex-linked recessive lethal trait gene. Positive test results were obtained in the in vitro CHO Sister Chromatid Exchange (clastogenicity) and in the Mouse Lymphoma Cell (mutagenicity) assays, and in the Aspergillus nidulans nondisjunction assay at an unspecified concentration. Hydrochlorothiazide had no adverse effects on the fertility of mice and rats of either sex in studies wherein these species were exposed, via their diet, to doses of up to 100 and 4 mg/kg/day (about 20 and 1.6 times the MRHD, on a mg/m 2 basis), respectively, prior to mating and throughout gestation.

Application Number

ANDA076792

Brand Name

Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide

Generic Name

metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide

Product Ndc

0378-0424

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

ORAL

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 50 mg/25 mg NDC 0378-0424-01 Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide Tablets, USP 50 mg/25 mg Rx only 100 Tablets Each tablet contains: Metoprolol tartrate, USP 50 mg Hydrochlorothiazide, USP 25 mg Usual Dosage: See accompanying prescribing information. Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children. Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture. Manufactured for: Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A. Made in India Mylan.com RMXA0424A1 Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure. Keep container tightly closed. Code No.: MH/DRUGS/AD/089 Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide Tablets, USP 50 mg/25 mg Bottle Label

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Advise patients to take metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets as directed, with or immediately following meals. If a dose is missed, advise the patient to take only the next scheduled dose (without doubling it). Advise patients to not discontinue metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets without consulting their healthcare provider. Manufactured for: Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A. Manufactured by: Mylan Laboratories Limited Hyderabad — 500 096, India 75091660 Revised: 5/2022 MXA:MPHCTZ:R3

Geriatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. Hydrochlorothiazide is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) ] . In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

Pediatric Use

8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Pregnancy

8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Untreated hypertension during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes for the mother and the fetus (see Clinical Considerations ) . Available data from published observational studies have not demonstrated a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes with metoprolol use during pregnancy. However, there are inconsistent reports of intrauterine growth restriction, preterm birth, and perinatal mortality with maternal use of beta blockers, including metoprolol, during pregnancy (see Data ) . There have been rare reports of jaundice, thrombocytopenia, and electrolyte imbalances in infants exposed to thiazide medications during pregnancy. In animal reproduction studies, metoprolol has been shown to increase post-implantation loss and decrease neonatal survival in rats at oral dosages up to 24 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg in a 60-kg patient. The combination of metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide administered to rats from mid-late gestation through lactation also produced increased post-implantation loss and decreased neonatal survival (see Data ) . The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. Clinical Consideration Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk Hypertension in pregnancy increases the maternal risk for pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, premature delivery, and delivery complications (e.g., need for cesarean section, and post-partum hemorrhage). Hypertension increases the fetal risk for intrauterine growth restriction and intrauterine death. Pregnant women with hypertension should be carefully monitored and managed accordingly. Fetal/Neonatal Adverse Reactions Metoprolol Metoprolol crosses the placenta. Neonates born to mothers who are receiving metoprolol during pregnancy, may be at risk for hypotension, hypoglycemia, bradycardia, and respiratory depression. Observe neonates for symptoms of hypotension, bradycardia, hypoglycemia and respiratory depression and manage accordingly. Data Human Data Data from published observational studies did not demonstrate an association of major congenital malformations and use of either metoprolol or hydrochlorothiazide in pregnancy. The published literature has reported inconsistent findings of intrauterine growth retardation, preterm birth and perinatal mortality with maternal use of metoprolol during pregnancy; however, these studies have methodological limitations hindering interpretation. Methodological limitations include retrospective design, concomitant use of other medications, and other unadjusted confounders that may account for the study findings including the underlying disease in the mother. These observational studies cannot definitely establish or exclude any drug-associated risk during pregnancy. Animal Data Oral administration of metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide combinations to pregnant rats during organogenesis at doses up to 200/50 mg/kg/day (10 and 20 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis for metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide, respectively) or to pregnant rabbits at doses up to 25/6.25 mg/kg/day (about 2.5 and 5 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis for metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide, respectively) produced no teratogenic effects. A 200/50 mg/kg/day metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide combination administered to rats from mid-late gestation through lactation produced increased post-implantation loss and decreased neonatal survival. Metoprolol Metoprolol has been shown to increase post-implantation loss and decrease neonatal survival in rats at doses up to 24 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg in a 60-kg patient. Distribution studies in mice confirm exposure of the fetus when metoprolol tartrate is administered to the pregnant animal. These studies have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or teratogenicity. Hydrochlorothiazide Hydrochlorothiazide administered to pregnant mice and rats during organogenesis at doses up to 3000 and 1000 mg/kg/day (600 and 400 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis), respectively, produced no harm to the fetus. Thiazides cross the placental barrier and appear in the cord blood.

Use In Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS • Hepatic Impairment: Consider initiating metoprolol tartrate therapy at low doses and gradually increase dosage to optimize therapy, while monitoring closely for adverse events. ( 8.5 ) 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Untreated hypertension during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes for the mother and the fetus (see Clinical Considerations ) . Available data from published observational studies have not demonstrated a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes with metoprolol use during pregnancy. However, there are inconsistent reports of intrauterine growth restriction, preterm birth, and perinatal mortality with maternal use of beta blockers, including metoprolol, during pregnancy (see Data ) . There have been rare reports of jaundice, thrombocytopenia, and electrolyte imbalances in infants exposed to thiazide medications during pregnancy. In animal reproduction studies, metoprolol has been shown to increase post-implantation loss and decrease neonatal survival in rats at oral dosages up to 24 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg in a 60-kg patient. The combination of metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide administered to rats from mid-late gestation through lactation also produced increased post-implantation loss and decreased neonatal survival (see Data ) . The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. Clinical Consideration Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk Hypertension in pregnancy increases the maternal risk for pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, premature delivery, and delivery complications (e.g., need for cesarean section, and post-partum hemorrhage). Hypertension increases the fetal risk for intrauterine growth restriction and intrauterine death. Pregnant women with hypertension should be carefully monitored and managed accordingly. Fetal/Neonatal Adverse Reactions Metoprolol Metoprolol crosses the placenta. Neonates born to mothers who are receiving metoprolol during pregnancy, may be at risk for hypotension, hypoglycemia, bradycardia, and respiratory depression. Observe neonates for symptoms of hypotension, bradycardia, hypoglycemia and respiratory depression and manage accordingly. Data Human Data Data from published observational studies did not demonstrate an association of major congenital malformations and use of either metoprolol or hydrochlorothiazide in pregnancy. The published literature has reported inconsistent findings of intrauterine growth retardation, preterm birth and perinatal mortality with maternal use of metoprolol during pregnancy; however, these studies have methodological limitations hindering interpretation. Methodological limitations include retrospective design, concomitant use of other medications, and other unadjusted confounders that may account for the study findings including the underlying disease in the mother. These observational studies cannot definitely establish or exclude any drug-associated risk during pregnancy. Animal Data Oral administration of metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide combinations to pregnant rats during organogenesis at doses up to 200/50 mg/kg/day (10 and 20 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis for metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide, respectively) or to pregnant rabbits at doses up to 25/6.25 mg/kg/day (about 2.5 and 5 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis for metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide, respectively) produced no teratogenic effects. A 200/50 mg/kg/day metoprolol tartrate/hydrochlorothiazide combination administered to rats from mid-late gestation through lactation produced increased post-implantation loss and decreased neonatal survival. Metoprolol Metoprolol has been shown to increase post-implantation loss and decrease neonatal survival in rats at doses up to 24 times, on a mg/m 2 basis, the daily dose of 200 mg in a 60-kg patient. Distribution studies in mice confirm exposure of the fetus when metoprolol tartrate is administered to the pregnant animal. These studies have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or teratogenicity. Hydrochlorothiazide Hydrochlorothiazide administered to pregnant mice and rats during organogenesis at doses up to 3000 and 1000 mg/kg/day (600 and 400 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis), respectively, produced no harm to the fetus. Thiazides cross the placental barrier and appear in the cord blood. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data on the presence of metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. However, data are available on the individual components of metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets . Available data from published literature on metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide report that each drug is present in human milk (see Data ) . There are no reports of adverse effects on breastfed infants exposed to metoprolol or hydrochlorothiazide during lactation. Doses of hydrochlorothiazide associated with clinically significant diuresis have been associated with impaired milk production. There is no information regarding the effects of metoprolol on milk production. Monitor infants exposed to metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets though breastmilk for drowsiness or poor feeding (see Clinical Considerations ) . The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets or from the underlying maternal condition. Clinical Considerations Monitor the breastfed infant for bradycardia or somnolence. Data Metoprolol Based on published case reports, the estimated daily infant dose of metoprolol received from breastmilk ranged from 0.05 mg to less than 1 mg. The estimated relative infant dosage was 0.5% to 2% of the mother’s weight-adjusted dosage. In two women who were taking unspecified amount of metoprolol, milk samples were taken after one dose of metoprolol. The estimated amount of metoprolol and alpha-hydroxymetoprolol in breast milk is reported to be less than 2% of the mother's weight-adjusted dosage. In a small study, breast milk was collected every 2 to 3 hours over one dosage interval, in three mothers (at least 3 months postpartum) who took metoprolol of unspecified amount. The average amount of metoprolol present in breast milk was 71.5 mcg/day (range 17.0 to 158.7). The average relative infant dosage was 0.5% of the mother's weight-adjusted dosage. Hydrochlorothiazide A single study involving one woman and her infant showed a peak concentration of 275 mcg/L at 3 hours following 50 mg dose. No drug was detected (< 20 mcg/L) in the infant’s plasma at 2 and 11 hours following mother’s dose. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Infertility Males Based on the published literature, beta blockers (including metoprolol) may cause erectile dysfunction and inhibit sperm motility. No evidence of impaired fertility due to metoprolol or hydrochlorothiazide was observed in rats [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13) ] . 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of metoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazide tablets did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. Hydrochlorothiazide is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) ] . In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

How Supplied

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING Metoprolol Tartrate and Hydrochlorothiazide Tablets, USP are available containing 50 mg or 100 mg of metoprolol tartrate, USP and 25 mg or 50 mg of hydrochlorothiazide, USP providing for the following available combinations: 50 mg/25 mg, 100 mg/25 mg or 100 mg/50 mg. The 50 mg/25 mg tablets are peach, round, scored tablets debossed with M above the score and 424 below the score on one side of the tablet and blank on the other side. They are available as follows: NDC 0378-0424-01 bottles of 100 tablets The 100 mg/25 mg tablets are peach, oval, scored tablets debossed with M to the left of the score and 434 to the right of the score on one side of the tablet and blank on the other side. They are available as follows: NDC 0378-0434-01 bottles of 100 tablets The 100 mg/50 mg tablets are peach, capsule-shaped, scored tablets debossed with M to the left of the score and 445 to the right of the score on one side of the tablet and blank on the other side. They are available as follows: NDC 0378-0445-01 bottles of 100 tablets Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture. Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

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