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DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DELAYED RELEASE

Read time: 4 mins
Marketing start date: 28 May 2024

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS Adverse reactions observed in patients receiving tetracyclines include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, photosensitivity, urticaria, and hemolytic anemia. ( 6 ) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Avet Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-866-901-DRUG (3784) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trial Experience The safety and efficacy of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg as a single daily dose was evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled study. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg was given orally once-a-day for 7 days and compared to doxycycline hyclate capsules 100 mg given orally twice daily for 7 days for the treatment of men and women with uncomplicated urogenital C. trachomatis infection. Adverse reactions in the Safety Population were reported by 99 (40.2%) subjects in the doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg treatment group and 132 (53.2%) subjects in the doxycycline hyclate capsules reference treatment group. Most adverse reactions were mild in intensity. The most commonly reported adverse reactions in both treatment groups were nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and bacterial vaginitis, Table 1. Table 1: Adverse Reactions Reported in Greater than or Equal to 2% of Subjects Adverse Reactions Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, 200 mg N = 246 n (%) Subjects with any AE 99 (40.2) Nausea 33 (13.4) Vomiting 20 (8.1) Headache 5 (2.0) Diarrhea 8 (3.3) Abdominal Pain Upper 5 (2.0) Vaginitis Bacterial 8 (3.3) Vulvovaginal Mycotic Infection 5 (2.0) Because clinical trials are conducted under prescribed conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trial may not always reflect the rates observed in practice. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of doxycycline. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate a causal relationship to drug exposure. Due to oral doxycycline’s virtually complete absorption, side effects to the lower bowel, particularly diarrhea, have been infrequent. The following adverse reactions have been observed in patients receiving tetracyclines: Gastrointestinal: Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, glossitis, dysphagia, enterocolitis, inflammatory lesions (with monilial overgrowth) in the anogenital region and pancreatitis. Hepatotoxicity has been reported. These reactions have been caused by both the oral and parenteral administration of tetracyclines. Superficial discoloration of the adult permanent dentition, reversible upon drug discontinuation and professional dental cleaning has been reported. Permanent tooth discoloration and enamel hypoplasia may occur with drugs of the tetracycline class when used during tooth development [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 ) ]. Esophagitis and esophageal ulcerations have been reported in patients receiving capsule and tablet forms of drugs in the tetracycline- class. Most of these patients took medications immediately before going to bed [ see Dosage and Administration ( 2.1 ) ]. Skin : Maculopapular and erythematous rashes, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, exfoliative dermatitis, and erythema multiforme have been reported. Photosensitivity is discussed above [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 ) ]. Renal : Rise in BUN has been reported and is apparently dose-related [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 ) ]. Hypersensitivity reactions: Urticaria, angioneurotic edema, anaphylaxis, anaphylactoid purpura, serum sickness, pericarditis, and exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus, and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS). Blood : Hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and eosinophilia have been reported. Intracranial Hypertension : Intracranial hypertension (IH, pseudotumor cerebri) has been associated with the use of tetracycline [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 ) ] Thyroid Gland Changes: When given over prolonged periods, tetracyclines have been reported to produce brown-black microscopic discoloration of thyroid glands. No abnormalities of thyroid function are known to occur.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are contraindicated in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines. Doxycycline is contraindicated in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines. ( 4 )

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP, contain specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate, a tetracycline class drug synthetically derived from oxytetracycline, in a delayed-release formulation for oral administration. The structural formula for doxycycline hyclate is: with a molecular formula of C 22 H 24 N 2 O 8 , HCl, ½ C 2 H 6 O, ½ H 2 O and a molecular weight of 512.9. The chemical name for doxycycline hyclate is [4S(4aR,5S,5aR,6R,12aS)]-4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,5,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-deoxonaphthacene-2-carboxamide monohydrochloride, compound with ethyl alcohol (2:1), monohydrate. Doxycycline hyclate is a yellow crystalline powder soluble in water and in solutions of alkali hydroxides and carbonates. Doxycycline has a high degree of lipid solubility and a low affinity for calcium binding. It is highly stable in normal human serum. Doxycycline will not degrade into an epianhydro form. Each tablet contains doxycycline 75 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg or 200 mg (equivalent to doxycycline hyclate 86.6 mg, 115.4 mg, 173.1 mg or 230.8 mg). Inactive ingredients in the tablet formulation are: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose; sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium chloride, hypromellose phthalate, hypromellose, triethyl citrate, anhydrous lactose, crospovidone, stearic acid, magnesium stearate. The tablets also contain opadry 03K29121 clear, which contains: hypromellose and triacetin. Each doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets 75 mg tablet contains 4.8 mg (0.208 mEq) of sodium, each doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets 100 mg tablet contains 6.4 mg (0.278 mEq) of sodium, each doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets 150 mg tablet contains 9.6 mg (0.417 mEq) of sodium, and each doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets 200 mg tablet contains 12.8 mg (0.556 mEq) of sodium. USP dissolution test pending. Image

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION • Dosage in Adult Patients: The usual dosage is 200 mg on the first day of treatment (administered 100 mg every 12 hours) followed by a maintenance dose of 100 mg daily. ( 2.1 ) In the management of more severe infections (particularly chronic infections of the urinary tract), 100 mg every 12 hours is recommended. ( 2.1 ) • Dosage in Pediatric Patients: For all pediatric patients weighing less than 45 kg with severe or life-threatening infections (e.g., anthrax, Rocky Mountain spotted fever), the recommended dose is 2.2 mg per kg of body weight administered every 12 hours. Pediatric patients weighing 45 kg or more should receive the adult dose. ( 2.1 ) For pediatric patients with less severe disease (greater than 8 years of age and weighing less than 45 kg), the recommended dose is 4.4 mg per kg of body weight divided into two doses on the first day of treatment, followed by a maintenance dose of 2.2 mg per kg of body weight (given as a single daily dose or divided into two doses). For pediatric patients weighing over 45 kg, the usual adult dose should be used. ( 2.1 ) 2.1 Important Dosage and Administration Instructions • Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are not substitutable on a mg per mg basis with other oral doxycyclines. To avoid prescribing errors, do not substitute doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets for other oral doxycyclines on a mg per mg basis because of differing bioavailability. Do not chew or crush tablets [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 )]. The recommended dosage, frequency of administration and weight-based dosage recommendations of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets differ from that of the other tetracyclines [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.2 , 2.3 , 2.4 )]. Exceeding the recommended dosage may result in an increased incidence of adverse reactions. Administer doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets with an adequate amount of fluid to wash down the drug and reduce the risk of esophageal irritation and ulceration [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )]. If gastric irritation occurs, doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets may be given with food or milk [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3 )]. 2.2 Switching from Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets to Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets MPC When switching from doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets to doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets modified polymer coat: • A 60 mg dose of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets modified polymer coat will replace a 50 mg dose of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets. • A 120 mg dose of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets modified polymer coat will replace a 100 mg dose of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets. 2.3 Dosage in Adult Patients • The usual dosage of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets is 200 mg on the first day of treatment (administered 100 mg every 12 hours), followed by a maintenance dose of 100 mg daily. • The maintenance dose may be administered as a single dose or as 50 mg every 12 hours. • In the management of more severe infections (particularly chronic infections of the urinary tract), 100 mg every 12 hours is recommended. • For certain selected specific indications, the recommended duration or dosage and duration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets modified polymer coat in adult patients are as follows: Streptococcal infections, therapy should be continued for 10 days. Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infection caused by C. trachomatis: 100 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for 7 days. Uncomplicated gonococcal infections in adults (except anorectal infections in men): 100 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for 7 days. As an alternate single visit dose, administer 300 mg followed in one hour by a second 300 mg dose. Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) caused by U. urealyticum: 100 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for 7 days. Syphilis – early: Patients who are allergic to penicillin should be treated with doxycycline 120 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for 2 weeks. Syphilis of more than one year’s duration: Patients who are allergic to penicillin should be treated with doxycycline 100 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for 4 weeks. Acute epididymo-orchitis caused by N. gonorrhoeae : 100 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for at least 10 days. Acute epididymo-orchitis caused by C. trachomatis : 100 mg, by mouth, twice-a-day for at least 10 days. 2.4 Dosage in Pediatric Patients • For all pediatric patients weighing less than 45 kg with severe or life threatening infections (e.g., anthrax, Rocky Mountain spotted fever), the recommended dosage of doxycycline is 2.2 mg per kg of body weight administered every 12 hours. Pediatric patients weighing 45 kg or more should receive the adult dose [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . • For pediatric patients with less severe disease (greater than 8 years of age and weighing less than 45 kg), the recommended dosage schedule of doxycycline is 4.4 mg per kg of body weight divided into two doses on the first day of treatment, followed by a maintenance dose of 2.2 mg per kg of body weight (given as a single daily dose or divided into twice daily doses). For pediatric patients weighing over 45 kg, the usual adult dose should be used. 2.5 Dosage for Prophylaxis of Malaria For adults, the recommended dose of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets is 100 mg daily. For pediatric patients 8 years of age and older, the recommended dose is 2 mg/kg administered once daily up to the adult dose. Pediatric patients weighing 45 kg or more should receive the adult dose. Prophylaxis should begin 1 or 2 days before travel to the malarious area. Prophylaxis should be continued daily during travel in the malarious area and for 4 weeks after the traveler leaves the malarious area. 2.6 Dosage for Inhalational Anthrax (Post-Exposure) For adults the recommended dosage is 100 mg of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, by mouth, twice-a-day for 60 days. For pediatric patients weighing less than 45 kg, the recommended dosage of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets is 2.2 mg/kg of body weight, by mouth, twice-a-day for 60 days. Pediatric patients weighing 45 kg or more should receive the adult dose. 2.7 Sprinkling the Tablet Over Applesauce Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets may also be administered by carefully breaking up the tablet and sprinkling the tablet contents (delayed-release pellets) on a spoonful of applesauce. The delayed-release pellets must not be crushed or damaged when breaking up the tablet. Any loss of pellets in the transfer would prevent using the dose. The applesauce/doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets mixture should be swallowed immediately without chewing and may be followed by a glass of water if desired. The applesauce should not be hot, and it should be soft enough to be swallowed without chewing. In the event that a prepared dose of applesauce/doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets mixture cannot be taken immediately, the mixture should be discarded and not stored for later use.

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are a tetracycline-class drug indicated for: • Rickettsial infections ( 1.1 ) • Sexually transmitted infections ( 1.2 ) • Respiratory tract infections ( 1.3 ) • Specific bacterial infections ( 1.4 ) • Ophthalmic infections ( 1.5 ) • Anthrax, including inhalational anthrax (post-exposure) ( 1.6 ) • Alternative treatment for selected infections when penicillin is contraindicated ( 1.7 ) • Adjunctive therapy in acute intestinal amebiasis and severe acne ( 1.8 ) • Prophylaxis of malaria ( 1.9 ) Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of doxycycline hyclate and other antibacterial drugs, doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. ( 1.10 ) 1.1 Rickettsial Infections Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for treatment of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae. 1.2 Sexually Transmitted Infections Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for treatment of the following sexually transmitted infections: • Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis . • Nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum . • Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis . • Granuloma inguinale caused by Klebsiella granulomatis . • Uncomplicated gonorrhea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae . • Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi . 1.3 Respiratory Tract Infections Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for treatment of the following respiratory infections: • Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae . Psittacosis (ornithosis) caused by Chlamydophila psittaci . • Because many strains of the following groups of microorganisms have been shown to be resistant to doxycycline, culture and susceptibility testing are recommended. • Doxycycline is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following micro-organisms, when bacteriological testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: ― Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. ― Respiratory tract infections caused by Klebsiella species. ― Upper respiratory infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae . 1.4 Specific Bacterial Infections Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for treatment of the following specific bacterial infections: • Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis . • Plague due to Yersinia pestis . • Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis . • Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. • Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. • Brucellosis due to Brucella species (in conjunction with streptomycin). • Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Because many strains of the following groups of microorganisms have been shown to be resistant to doxycycline, culture and susceptibility testing are recommended. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriological testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: • Escherichia coli • Enterobacter aerogenes • Shigella species • Acinetobacter species • Urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella species. 1.5 Ophthalmic Infections Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for treatment of the following ophthalmic infections: • Trachoma caused by Chlamydia trachomatis , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated as judged by immunofluorescence. • Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis . 1.6 Anthrax, Including Inhalational Anthrax (Post-Exposure) Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for the treatment of Anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis , including inhalational anthrax (post-exposure): to reduce the incidence or progression of disease following exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis . 1.7 Alternative Treatment for Selected Infections When Penicillin is Contraindicated Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated as an alternative treatment for the following selected infections when penicillin is contraindicated: • Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum . • Yaws caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue . • Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme . • Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii . • Infections caused by Clostridium species. 1.8 Adjunctive Therapy for Acute Intestinal Amebiasis and Severe Acne In acute intestinal amebiasis, doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. In severe acne, doxycycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. 1.9 Prophylaxis of Malaria Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are indicated for the prophylaxis of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum in short-term travelers (less than 4 months) to areas with chloroquine and/or pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine resistant strains [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.2 ) and Patient Counseling Information ( 17 )]. 1.10 Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets and other antibacterial drugs, doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE In case of overdosage, discontinue medication, treat symptomatically and institute supportive measures. Dialysis does not alter serum half-life and thus would not be of benefit in treating cases of overdosage.

Adverse Reactions Table

Table 1: Adverse Reactions Reported in Greater than or Equal to 2% of Subjects
Adverse ReactionsDoxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, 200 mg N = 246
n (%)
Subjects with any AE99 (40.2)
Nausea33 (13.4)
Vomiting20 (8.1)
Headache5 (2.0)
Diarrhea8 (3.3)
Abdominal Pain Upper5 (2.0)
Vaginitis Bacterial8 (3.3)
Vulvovaginal Mycotic Infection5 (2.0)

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS • Patients who are on anticoagulant therapy may require downward adjustment of their anticoagulant dosage ( 7.1 ) • Avoid co-administration of tetracyclines with penicillin ( 7.2 ) • Absorption of tetracyclines, including doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, is impaired by antacids containing aluminum, calcium, or magnesium, bismuth subsalicylate and iron-containing preparations ( 7.3 ) • Concurrent use of tetracyclines, including doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, may render oral contraceptives less effective ( 7.4 ) • Barbiturates, carbamazepine and phenytoin decrease the half-life of doxycycline ( 7.5 ) 7.1 Anticoagulant Drugs Because tetracyclines have been shown to depress plasma prothrombin activity, patients who are on anticoagulant therapy may require downward adjustment of their anticoagulant dosage. 7.2 Penicillin Since bacteriostatic drugs may interfere with the bactericidal action of penicillin, it is advisable to avoid giving tetracyclines in conjunction with penicillin. 7.3 Antacids and Iron Preparations Absorption of tetracyclines is impaired by antacids containing aluminum, calcium, or magnesium, bismuth subsalicylate, and iron-containing preparations. 7.4 Oral Contraceptives Concurrent use of tetracycline may render oral contraceptives less effective. 7.5 Barbiturates and Anti-Epileptics Barbiturates, carbamazepine, and phenytoin decrease the half-life of doxycycline. 7.6 Penthrane The concurrent use of tetracycline and Penthrane ® (methoxyflurane) has been reported to result in fatal renal toxicity. 7.7 Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions False elevations of urinary catecholamines may occur due to interference with the fluorescence test.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action Doxycycline is a tetracycline-class antimicrobial drug [ see Microbiology (12.4) ]. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics Following single and multiple-dose administration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg to adult volunteers, average peak plasma doxycycline concentration (C max ) was 4.6 mcg/mL and 6.3 mcg/mL, respectively with median t max of 3 hours; the corresponding mean plasma concentration values 24 hours after single and multiple doses were 1.5 mcg/mL and 2.3 mcg/mL, respectively. Absorption Doxycycline is virtually completely absorbed after oral administration. Effect of Food The mean C max and AUC 0-∞ of doxycycline are 24% and 13% lower, respectively, following single dose administration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 100 mg with a high fat meal (including milk) compared to fasted conditions. The mean C max of doxycycline is 19% lower and the AUC 0-∞ is unchanged following single dose administration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 150 mg with a high fat meal (including milk) compared to fasted conditions. The clinical significance of these decreases is unknown. Doxycycline bioavailability from doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg was not affected by food, but the incidence of nausea was higher in fasted subjects. The 200 mg tablets may be administered without regard to meals. When doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are sprinkled over applesauce and taken with or without water, the extent of doxycycline absorption is unchanged, but the rate of absorption is increased slightly. Elimination Tetracyclines are concentrated in bile by the liver and excreted in the urine and feces at high concentrations and in a biologically active form. Excretion of doxycycline by the kidney is about 40%/72 hours in individuals with a creatinine clearance of about 75 mL/min. This percentage may fall as low as 1 to 5%/72 hours in individuals with a creatinine clearance below 10 mL/min. Specific Populations Patients with Renal Impairment Studies have shown no significant difference in the serum half-life of doxycycline (range 18 to 22 hours) in individuals with normal and severely impaired renal function. Hemodialysis does not alter the serum half-life. Pediatric Patients Population pharmacokinetic analysis of sparse concentration-time data of doxycycline. Following standard of care intravenous and oral dosing in 44 children (2 to 18 years of age) showed that allometrically-scaled clearance of doxycycline in children ≥2 to ≤8 years of age (median [range] 3.58 [2.27 to 10.82] L/h/70 kg, N=11) did not differ significantly from children >8 to 18 years of age (3.27 [1.11 to 8.12] L/h/70 kg, N=33). For pediatric patients weighing ≤45 kg, body weight normalized doxycycline CL in those ≥2 to ≤8 years of age (median [range] 0.071 [0.041 to 0.202] L/kg/h, N=10) did not differ significantly from those >8 to 18 years of age (0.081 [0.035 to 0.126] L/kg/h, N=8). In pediatric patients weighing >45 kg no clinically significant differences in body weight normalized doxycycline CL were observed between those ≥2 to ≤8 years (0.050 L/kg/h, N=1) and those >8 years of age (0.044 [0.014 to 0.121] L/kg/h, N=25). No clinically significant difference in CL differences between oral and IV were observed in the small cohort of pediatric patients who received the oral (N=19) or IV (N=21) formulation alone. 12.4 Microbiology Mechanism of Action Doxycycline inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. Doxycycline has bacteriostatic activity against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram- negative bacteria. Resistance Cross-resistance between tetracyclines is common. Antimicrobial Activity Doxycycline has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms, both in vitro and in clinical infections [ see Indications and Usage (1) ]. Gram-Negative Bacteria Acinetobacter species Bartonella bacilliformis Brucella species Campylobacter fetus Enterobacter aerogenes Escherichia coli Francisella tularensis Haemophilus ducreyi Haemophilus influenzae Klebsiella granulomatis Klebsiella species Neisseria gonorrhoeae Shigella species Vibrio cholerae Yersinia pestis Gram-Positive Bacteria Bacillus anthracis Listeria monocytogenes Streptococcus pneumoniae Anaerobic Bacteria Clostridium species Fusobacterium fusiforme Propionibacterium acnes Other Bacteria Norcardiae and other aerobic Actinomyces species Borrelia recurrentis Chlamydophila psittaci Chlamydia trachomatis Mycoplasma pneumoniae Rickettsiae Treponema pallidum Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue Ureaplasma urealyticum Parasites Balantidium coli Entamoeba species Plasmodium falciparum * *Doxycycline has been found to be active against the asexual erythrocytic forms of Plasmodium falciparum but not against the gametocytes of P. falciparum . The precise mechanism of action of the drug is not known. Susceptibility Testing For specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria, and associated test methods and quality control standards recognized by FDA for this drug, please see: https://www.fda.gov/STIC.

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action Doxycycline is a tetracycline-class antimicrobial drug [ see Microbiology (12.4) ].

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics Following single and multiple-dose administration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg to adult volunteers, average peak plasma doxycycline concentration (C max ) was 4.6 mcg/mL and 6.3 mcg/mL, respectively with median t max of 3 hours; the corresponding mean plasma concentration values 24 hours after single and multiple doses were 1.5 mcg/mL and 2.3 mcg/mL, respectively. Absorption Doxycycline is virtually completely absorbed after oral administration. Effect of Food The mean C max and AUC 0-∞ of doxycycline are 24% and 13% lower, respectively, following single dose administration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 100 mg with a high fat meal (including milk) compared to fasted conditions. The mean C max of doxycycline is 19% lower and the AUC 0-∞ is unchanged following single dose administration of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 150 mg with a high fat meal (including milk) compared to fasted conditions. The clinical significance of these decreases is unknown. Doxycycline bioavailability from doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg was not affected by food, but the incidence of nausea was higher in fasted subjects. The 200 mg tablets may be administered without regard to meals. When doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are sprinkled over applesauce and taken with or without water, the extent of doxycycline absorption is unchanged, but the rate of absorption is increased slightly. Elimination Tetracyclines are concentrated in bile by the liver and excreted in the urine and feces at high concentrations and in a biologically active form. Excretion of doxycycline by the kidney is about 40%/72 hours in individuals with a creatinine clearance of about 75 mL/min. This percentage may fall as low as 1 to 5%/72 hours in individuals with a creatinine clearance below 10 mL/min. Specific Populations Patients with Renal Impairment Studies have shown no significant difference in the serum half-life of doxycycline (range 18 to 22 hours) in individuals with normal and severely impaired renal function. Hemodialysis does not alter the serum half-life. Pediatric Patients Population pharmacokinetic analysis of sparse concentration-time data of doxycycline. Following standard of care intravenous and oral dosing in 44 children (2 to 18 years of age) showed that allometrically-scaled clearance of doxycycline in children ≥2 to ≤8 years of age (median [range] 3.58 [2.27 to 10.82] L/h/70 kg, N=11) did not differ significantly from children >8 to 18 years of age (3.27 [1.11 to 8.12] L/h/70 kg, N=33). For pediatric patients weighing ≤45 kg, body weight normalized doxycycline CL in those ≥2 to ≤8 years of age (median [range] 0.071 [0.041 to 0.202] L/kg/h, N=10) did not differ significantly from those >8 to 18 years of age (0.081 [0.035 to 0.126] L/kg/h, N=8). In pediatric patients weighing >45 kg no clinically significant differences in body weight normalized doxycycline CL were observed between those ≥2 to ≤8 years (0.050 L/kg/h, N=1) and those >8 years of age (0.044 [0.014 to 0.121] L/kg/h, N=25). No clinically significant difference in CL differences between oral and IV were observed in the small cohort of pediatric patients who received the oral (N=19) or IV (N=21) formulation alone.

Effective Time

20231031

Version

32

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 75 mg are white to off white capsule shaped biconvex coated tablets embedded with yellowish pellets, with breakline on both sides and debossed with "I'' and "15" on either side of the breakline on one side. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 75 mg of doxycycline. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 100 mg are white to off white capsule shaped biconvex coated tablets embedded with yellowish pellets, with breakline on both sides and debossed with "I'' and "16" on either side of the breakline on one side. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 100 mg of doxycycline. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 150 mg are white to off white, rectangular coated dual-scored tablets embedded with yellowish pellets and debossed with "I|1|7" on one side and dual-scored on the other. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 150 mg of doxycycline. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 200 mg are white to off white, oval biconvex coated tablets embedded with yellowish pellets, with breakline on both sides and debossed with "I1" and "18" on either side of the breakline on one side. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 200 mg of doxycycline. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 75 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg ( 3 )

Spl Product Data Elements

DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DELAYED RELEASE doxycycline hyclate DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DOXYCYCLINE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE SODIUM CHLORIDE HYPROMELLOSE PHTHALATE (31% PHTHALATE, 40 CST) HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (5 MPA.S) TRIETHYL CITRATE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE CROSPOVIDONE (15 MPA.S AT 5%) STEARIC ACID MAGNESIUM STEARATE HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) TRIACETIN white to off white I;15 DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DELAYED RELEASE doxycycline hyclate DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DOXYCYCLINE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE SODIUM CHLORIDE HYPROMELLOSE PHTHALATE (31% PHTHALATE, 40 CST) HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (5 MPA.S) TRIETHYL CITRATE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE CROSPOVIDONE (15 MPA.S AT 5%) STEARIC ACID MAGNESIUM STEARATE HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) TRIACETIN white to off white I;16 DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DELAYED RELEASE doxycycline hyclate DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DOXYCYCLINE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE SODIUM CHLORIDE HYPROMELLOSE PHTHALATE (31% PHTHALATE, 40 CST) HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (5 MPA.S) TRIETHYL CITRATE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE CROSPOVIDONE (15 MPA.S AT 5%) STEARIC ACID MAGNESIUM STEARATE HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) TRIACETIN white to off white I;1;7 DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DELAYED RELEASE doxycycline hyclate DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DOXYCYCLINE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE SODIUM CHLORIDE HYPROMELLOSE PHTHALATE (31% PHTHALATE, 40 CST) HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (5 MPA.S) TRIETHYL CITRATE ANHYDROUS LACTOSE CROSPOVIDONE (15 MPA.S AT 5%) STEARIC ACID MAGNESIUM STEARATE HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) TRIACETIN white to off white I1;18

Animal Pharmacology And Or Toxicology

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology Hyperpigmentation of the thyroid has been produced by members of the tetracycline-class in the following species: in rats by oxytetracycline, doxycycline, tetracycline PO 4 , and methacycline; in minipigs by doxycycline, minocycline, tetracycline PO 4 , and methacycline; in dogs by doxycycline and minocycline; in monkeys by minocycline. Minocycline, tetracycline PO 4 , methacycline, doxycycline, tetracycline base, oxytetracycline HCl, and tetracycline HCl, were goitrogenic in rats fed a low iodine diet. This goitrogenic effect was accompanied by high radioactive iodine uptake. Administration of minocycline also produced a large goiter with high radioiodine uptake in rats fed a relatively high iodine diet. Treatment of various animal species with this class of drugs has also resulted in the induction of thyroid hyperplasia in the following: in rats and dogs (minocycline); in chickens (chlortetracycline); and in rats and mice (oxytetracycline). Adrenal gland hyperplasia has been observed in goats and rats treated with oxytetracycline. Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta and are found in fetal tissues.

Carcinogenesis And Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Long-term studies in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential of doxycycline have not been conducted. However, there has been evidence of oncogenic activity in rats in studies with the related antibacterials, oxytetracycline (adrenal and pituitary tumors) and minocycline (thyroid tumors). Likewise, although mutagenicity studies of doxycycline have not been conducted, positive results in in vitro mammalian cell assays have been reported for related antibacterials (tetracycline, oxytetracycline). Doxycycline administered orally at dosage levels as high as 250 mg/kg/day had no apparent effect on the fertility of female rats. Effect on male fertility has not been studied.

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Long-term studies in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential of doxycycline have not been conducted. However, there has been evidence of oncogenic activity in rats in studies with the related antibacterials, oxytetracycline (adrenal and pituitary tumors) and minocycline (thyroid tumors). Likewise, although mutagenicity studies of doxycycline have not been conducted, positive results in in vitro mammalian cell assays have been reported for related antibacterials (tetracycline, oxytetracycline). Doxycycline administered orally at dosage levels as high as 250 mg/kg/day had no apparent effect on the fertility of female rats. Effect on male fertility has not been studied. 13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology Hyperpigmentation of the thyroid has been produced by members of the tetracycline-class in the following species: in rats by oxytetracycline, doxycycline, tetracycline PO 4 , and methacycline; in minipigs by doxycycline, minocycline, tetracycline PO 4 , and methacycline; in dogs by doxycycline and minocycline; in monkeys by minocycline. Minocycline, tetracycline PO 4 , methacycline, doxycycline, tetracycline base, oxytetracycline HCl, and tetracycline HCl, were goitrogenic in rats fed a low iodine diet. This goitrogenic effect was accompanied by high radioactive iodine uptake. Administration of minocycline also produced a large goiter with high radioiodine uptake in rats fed a relatively high iodine diet. Treatment of various animal species with this class of drugs has also resulted in the induction of thyroid hyperplasia in the following: in rats and dogs (minocycline); in chickens (chlortetracycline); and in rats and mice (oxytetracycline). Adrenal gland hyperplasia has been observed in goats and rats treated with oxytetracycline. Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta and are found in fetal tissues.

Application Number

ANDA200856

Brand Name

DOXYCYCLINE HYCLATE DELAYED RELEASE

Generic Name

doxycycline hyclate

Product Ndc

23155-142

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

ORAL

Microbiology

12.4 Microbiology Mechanism of Action Doxycycline inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. Doxycycline has bacteriostatic activity against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram- negative bacteria. Resistance Cross-resistance between tetracyclines is common. Antimicrobial Activity Doxycycline has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms, both in vitro and in clinical infections [ see Indications and Usage (1) ]. Gram-Negative Bacteria Acinetobacter species Bartonella bacilliformis Brucella species Campylobacter fetus Enterobacter aerogenes Escherichia coli Francisella tularensis Haemophilus ducreyi Haemophilus influenzae Klebsiella granulomatis Klebsiella species Neisseria gonorrhoeae Shigella species Vibrio cholerae Yersinia pestis Gram-Positive Bacteria Bacillus anthracis Listeria monocytogenes Streptococcus pneumoniae Anaerobic Bacteria Clostridium species Fusobacterium fusiforme Propionibacterium acnes Other Bacteria Norcardiae and other aerobic Actinomyces species Borrelia recurrentis Chlamydophila psittaci Chlamydia trachomatis Mycoplasma pneumoniae Rickettsiae Treponema pallidum Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue Ureaplasma urealyticum Parasites Balantidium coli Entamoeba species Plasmodium falciparum * *Doxycycline has been found to be active against the asexual erythrocytic forms of Plasmodium falciparum but not against the gametocytes of P. falciparum . The precise mechanism of action of the drug is not known. Susceptibility Testing For specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria, and associated test methods and quality control standards recognized by FDA for this drug, please see: https://www.fda.gov/STIC.

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, USP 75 mg NDC 23155-141-01 100 Tablets Rx Only Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, USP 100 mg NDC 23155-142-01 100 Tablets Rx Only Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, USP 150 mg NDC 23155-143-01 100 Tablets Rx Only Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, USP 200 mg NDC 23155-611-06 60 Tablets Rx only 75 mg 100 mg 150 mg 200 mg

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Advise patients taking doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis: • that no present-day antimalarial agent, including doxycycline, guarantees protection against malaria. • to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes by using personal protective measures that help avoid contact with mosquitoes, especially from dusk to dawn (for example, staying in well-screened areas, using mosquito nets, covering the body with clothing, and using an effective insect repellent). • that doxycycline prophylaxis: should begin 1 to 2 days before travel to the malarious area, should be continued daily while in the malarious area and after leaving the malarious area, should be continued for 4 further weeks to avoid development of malaria after returning from an endemic area, should not exceed 4 months. Advise all patients taking doxycycline: • to avoid excessive sunlight or artificial ultraviolet light while receiving doxycycline and to discontinue therapy if phototoxicity (for example, skin eruptions, etc.) occurs. Sunscreen or sunblock should be considered [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )]. • to drink fluids liberally along with doxycycline to reduce the risk of esophageal irritation and ulceration [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )]. • that the absorption of tetracyclines is reduced when taken with foods, especially those that contain calcium. However, the absorption of doxycycline is not markedly influenced by simultaneous ingestion of food or milk [see Drug Interactions ( 7.3 )]. • that the absorption of tetracyclines is reduced when taken with antacids containing aluminum, calcium or magnesium, bismuth subsalicylate, and iron-containing preparations [see Drug Interactions ( 7.3 )]. • that the use of doxycycline might increase the incidence of vaginal candidiasis. Advise patients that diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibacterials which usually ends when the antibacterial is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibacterials, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as two or more months after having taken the last dose of antibacterial. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible. Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets are prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets or other antibacterial drugs in the future. 17.1 Instructions for Breaking the 150 mg Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Dual-Scored Tablet The tablet is marked with separation lines ( score lines ) and may be broken at these score lines to provide any of the following doses. To break the tablet, the tablet is held between the thumbs and index fingers close to the appropriate score line. Then, with the score line facing the patient, enough pressure is applied to snap the tablet segments apart (segments that do not break along the score line should not be used). FDA-Approved Patient Labeling Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 75 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg Instructions for Breaking the 150 mg Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Dual-Scored Tablet Your doctor may find it necessary to adjust your dosage of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets to obtain the proper treatment response. The tablet is marked with separation lines (score lines) and may be broken at these score lines to provide any of the following doses. If your doctor prescribed: To break the tablet, hold the tablet between your thumbs and index fingers close to the appropriate score line. Then, with the score line facing you, apply enough pressure to snap the tablet segments apart (do not use segments that do not break along the score line). Rx only Manufactured by: USV Private Limited Daman – 396210, India Manufactured for: Avet Pharmaceuticals Inc. East Brunswick, NJ 08816 1.866.901.DRUG (3784) Revised: 09/2023 image description image description image description

Clinical Studies

14 CLINICAL STUDIES This was a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, multicenter trial which enrolled 495 subjects, between 19 to 45 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of urogenital C. trachomatis infection less than 14 days prior to enrollment, or partner(s) of a subject with a known positive test for urogenital C. trachomatis infection. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg once daily versus doxycycline hyclate capsules, 100 mg twice daily for seven days for the treatment of uncomplicated urogenital C. trachomatis infection. The primary efficacy objective was to demonstrate non-inferiority of the doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg once daily treatment regimen versus the doxycycline 100 mg twice daily treatment regimen for the indication using a negative nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) at the test of cure visit (day 28) in the mITT population (subjects who were positive at baseline and took at least one day of study drug). Table 2: Primary Efficacy Outcome - Microbiological Cure of C. trachomatis at Day 28 mITT Population Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, 200 mg once daily Cure Rate (%) Doxycycline Hyclate Capsules, 100 mg twice daily Cure Rate (%) Difference (%) N 188 190 Microbiological Cure, n (%) 163 (86.7) 171 (90.0) -3.3% 95% Confidence Interval for Cure Rate -10.3, 3.7

Clinical Studies Table

Table 2: Primary Efficacy Outcome - Microbiological Cure of C. trachomatis at Day 28
mITT Population

Doxycycline Hyclate Delayed-Release Tablets, 200 mg

once daily

Cure Rate (%)

Doxycycline Hyclate Capsules, 100 mg twice daily Cure Rate (%) Difference (%)
N188190
Microbiological Cure, n (%)163 (86.7)171 (90.0)-3.3%
95% Confidence Interval for Cure Rate-10.3, 3.7

References

15 REFERENCES Friedman JM, Polifka JE. Teratogenic Effects of Drugs. A Resource for Clinicians (TERIS). Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press: 2000: 149-195. Cziezel AE and Rockenbauer M. Teratogenic study of doxycycline. Obstet Gynecol 1997; 89: 524-528. Horne HW Jr. and Kundsin RB. The role of mycoplasma among 81 consecutive pregnancies: a prospective study. Int J Fertil 1980; 25: 315-317. Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [Last Revision Date 2015 March 10; cited 2016 Jan]. Doxycycline; LactMed Record Number: 100; [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/lactmed.htm.

Geriatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 75 mg contain 4.8 mg (0.208 mEq) of sodium. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 100 mg contain 6.4 mg (0.278 mEq) of sodium. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 150 mg contain 9.6 mg (0.417 mEq) of sodium. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg contain 12.8 mg (0.556 mEq) of sodium.

Pediatric Use

8.4 Pediatric Use Because of the effects of drugs of the tetracycline-class on tooth development and growth, use doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets in pediatric patients 8 years of age or less only when the potential benefits are expected to outweigh the risks in severe or life-threatening conditions (e.g., anthrax, Rocky Mountain spotted fever), particularly, when there are no alternative therapies [ see Dosage and Administration ( 2.1 , 2.3 ) and Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 , 5.6 ) ].

Pregnancy

8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies on the use of doxycycline in pregnant women. The vast majority of reported experience with doxycycline during human pregnancy is short-term, first trimester exposure. There are no human data available to assess the effects of long-term therapy of doxycycline in pregnant women such as that proposed for the treatment of anthrax exposure. An expert review of published data on experiences with doxycycline use during pregnancy by TERIS - the Teratogen Information System - concluded that therapeutic doses during pregnancy are unlikely to pose a substantial teratogenic risk (the quantity and quality of data were assessed as limited to fair), but the data are insufficient to state that there is no risk ( see Data ). 1 In the US general population the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20% respectively. Clinical Considerations Embryo/Fetal Risk Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and can have toxic effects on the developing fetus (often related to retardation of skeletal development). Evidence of embryotoxicity also has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy. If any tetracycline is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking these drugs, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 , 5.6 ) ]. Data Human Data A case-control study (18,515 mothers of infants with congenital anomalies and 32,804 mothers of infants with no congenital anomalies) shows a weak but marginally statistically significant association with total malformations and use of doxycycline anytime during pregnancy. Sixty-three (0.19%) of the controls and 56 (0.30%) of the cases were treated with doxycycline. This association was not seen when the analysis was confined to maternal treatment during the period of organogenesis (that is, in the second and third months of gestation), with the exception of a marginal relationship with neural tube defect based on only two-exposed cases. 2 A small prospective study of 81 pregnancies describes 43 pregnant women treated for 10 days with doxycycline during early first trimester. All mothers reported their exposed infants were normal at 1 year of age. 3

Use In Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS • Tetracycline-class drugs can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman, but data for doxycycline are limited. ( 5.6 , 8.1 ) • Tetracyclines are excreted in human milk; however, the extent of absorption of doxycycline in the breastfed infant is not known. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets use during nursing should be avoided if possible. ( 8.2 ) 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies on the use of doxycycline in pregnant women. The vast majority of reported experience with doxycycline during human pregnancy is short-term, first trimester exposure. There are no human data available to assess the effects of long-term therapy of doxycycline in pregnant women such as that proposed for the treatment of anthrax exposure. An expert review of published data on experiences with doxycycline use during pregnancy by TERIS - the Teratogen Information System - concluded that therapeutic doses during pregnancy are unlikely to pose a substantial teratogenic risk (the quantity and quality of data were assessed as limited to fair), but the data are insufficient to state that there is no risk ( see Data ). 1 In the US general population the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20% respectively. Clinical Considerations Embryo/Fetal Risk Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and can have toxic effects on the developing fetus (often related to retardation of skeletal development). Evidence of embryotoxicity also has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy. If any tetracycline is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking these drugs, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 , 5.6 ) ]. Data Human Data A case-control study (18,515 mothers of infants with congenital anomalies and 32,804 mothers of infants with no congenital anomalies) shows a weak but marginally statistically significant association with total malformations and use of doxycycline anytime during pregnancy. Sixty-three (0.19%) of the controls and 56 (0.30%) of the cases were treated with doxycycline. This association was not seen when the analysis was confined to maternal treatment during the period of organogenesis (that is, in the second and third months of gestation), with the exception of a marginal relationship with neural tube defect based on only two-exposed cases. 2 A small prospective study of 81 pregnancies describes 43 pregnant women treated for 10 days with doxycycline during early first trimester. All mothers reported their exposed infants were normal at 1 year of age. 3 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary Tetracyclines are excreted in human milk, however, the extent of absorption of tetracyclines including doxycycline, by the breastfed infant is not known. Short-term use by lactating women is not necessarily contraindicated. The effects of prolonged exposure to doxycycline in breast milk production and breast fed neonates, infants and children are unknown 4 . The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets and any potential adverse effects on the breast fed child from doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets or from the underlying maternal condition [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 , 5.6 ) ]. 8.4 Pediatric Use Because of the effects of drugs of the tetracycline-class on tooth development and growth, use doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets in pediatric patients 8 years of age or less only when the potential benefits are expected to outweigh the risks in severe or life-threatening conditions (e.g., anthrax, Rocky Mountain spotted fever), particularly, when there are no alternative therapies [ see Dosage and Administration ( 2.1 , 2.3 ) and Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 , 5.6 ) ]. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 75 mg contain 4.8 mg (0.208 mEq) of sodium. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 100 mg contain 6.4 mg (0.278 mEq) of sodium. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 150 mg contain 9.6 mg (0.417 mEq) of sodium. Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, 200 mg contain 12.8 mg (0.556 mEq) of sodium.

How Supplied

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 75 mg are white to off white capsule shaped biconvex coated tablets embedded with yellowish pellets, with breakline on both sides and debossed with "I'' and "15" on either side of the breakline on one side. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 75 mg of doxycycline. Bottles of 60 tablets: NDC 23155-141-06 Bottles of 100 tablets: NDC 23155-141-01 Bottles of 500 tablets: NDC 23155-141-05 Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 100 mg are white to off white capsule shaped biconvex coated tablets embedded with yellowish pellets, with breakline on both sides and debossed with "I'' and "16" on either side of the breakline on one side. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 100 mg of doxycycline. Bottles of 100 tablets: NDC 23155-142-01 Bottles of 500 tablets: NDC 23155-142-05 Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 150 mg are White to off white, rectangular coated dual-scored tablets embedded with yellowish pellets and debossed with "I|1|7" on one side and dual-scored on the other. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 150 mg of doxycycline. Bottles of 60 tablets: NDC 23155-143-06 Bottles of 100 tablets: NDC 23155-143-01 Bottles of 250 tablets: NDC 23155-143-04 Doxycycline hyclate delayed-release tablets, USP 200 mg are white to off-white, oval biconvex coated tablets embedded with yellowish pellets, with breakline on both sides and debossed with "I1" and "18" on either side of the breakline on one side. Each tablet contains specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 200 mg of doxycycline. Bottles of 60 tablets: NDC 23155-611-06 Bottles of 250 tablets: NDC 23155-611-04 Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light. Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container (USP).

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