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FDA Drug information

BUPROPION HYDROCHLORIDE

Read time: 3 mins
Marketing start date: 24 Jul 2024

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors in children, adolescents, and young adults [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] Neuropsychiatric symptoms and suicide risk in smoking cessation treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] Seizure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ] Activation of mania or hypomania [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ] Psychosis and other neuropsychiatric events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) ] Angle-closure Glaucoma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) ] Hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) ] Most common adverse reactions are (incidence ≥ 5%; ≥ 2 times placebo rate): dry mouth, nausea, insomnia, dizziness, pharyngitis, abdominal pain, agitation, anxiety, tremor, palpitation, sweating, tinnitus, myalgia, anorexia, urinary frequency, rash ( 6.1 ) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Wockhardt USA LLC. at 1-800-346-6854 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch . 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Controlled Clinical Trials of Sustained-release Bupropion Hydrochloride Adverse reactions that occurred in at least 5% of patients treated with bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release (300 and 400 mg/day) and at a rate at least twice the placebo rate are listed below. 300 mg/day of bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release: anorexia, dry mouth, rash, sweating, tinnitus, and tremor. 400 mg/day of bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release : abdominal pain, agitation, anxiety, dizziness, dry mouth, insomnia, myalgia, nausea, palpitation, pharyngitis, sweating, tinnitus, and urinary frequency. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are bioequivalent to three 150-mg tablets of WELLBUTRIN XL ® , which has been demonstrated to have similar bioavailability both to the immediate-release and the sustained-release formulations of bupropion. The information included under this subsection and under subsection 6.2 is based primarily on data from controlled clinical trials with the sustained-release and extended-release formulations of bupropion hydrochloride. Major Depressive Disorder Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation of Treatment with Bupropion Hydrochloride Immediate-release, Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release, and Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-release Formulations in Major Depressive Disorder Trials In placebo-controlled clinical trials with bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release, 4%, 9%, and 11% of the placebo, 300 mg/day, and 400 mg/day groups, respectively, discontinued treatment because of adverse reactions. The specific adverse reactions leading to discontinuation in at least 1% of the 300-mg/day or 400-mg/day groups and at a rate at least twice the placebo rate are listed in Table 2 . Table 2. Treatment Discontinuation Due to Adverse Reactions in Placebo-controlled Trials in Major Depressive Disorder Adverse Reaction Term Placebo (N = 385) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 300 mg/day (N = 376) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 400 mg/day (N = 114) Rash 0% 2.4% 0.9% Nausea 0.3% 0.8% 1.8% Agitation 0.3% 0.3% 1.8% Migraine 0.3% 0% 1.8% In clinical trials with bupropion hydrochloride immediate-release, 10% of patients and volunteers discontinued due to an adverse reaction. Reactions resulting in discontinuation (in addition to those listed above for the sustained-release formulation) included vomiting, seizures, and sleep disturbances. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of > 1% in Patients Treated With Bupropion Hydrochloride Immediate-release or Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release Formulations in Major Depressive Disorder Trials Table 3 summarizes the adverse reactions that occurred in placebo-controlled trials in patients treated with bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release at 300 mg/day and 400 mg/day. These include reactions that occurred in either the 300-mg/day or 400-mg/day group at an incidence of 1% or more and were more frequent than in the placebo group. Table 3. Adverse Reactions in Placebo-controlled Trials for Major Depressive Disorder a Incidence based on the number of female patients. - Denotes adverse reactions occurring in greater than 0 but less than 0.5% of patients. Body System/ Adverse Reaction Placebo (N = 385) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 300 mg/day (N = 376) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 400 mg/day (N = 114) Body (General) Headache 23% 26% 25% Infection 6% 8% 9% Abdominal pain 2% 3% 9% Asthenia 2% 2% 4% Chest pain 1% 3% 4% Pain 2% 2% 3% Fever - 1% 2% Cardiovascular Palpitation 2% 2% 6% Flushing - 1% 4% Migraine 1% 1% 4% Hot flashes 1% 1% 3% Digestive Dry mouth 7% 17% 24% Nausea 8% 13% 18% Constipation 7% 10% 5% Diarrhea 6% 5% 7% Anorexia 2% 5% 3% Vomiting 2% 4% 2% Dysphagia 0% 0% 2% Musculoskeletal Myalgia 3% 2% 6% Arthralgia 1% 1% 4% Arthritis 0% 0% 2% Twitch - 1% 2% Nervous System Insomnia 6% 11% 16% Dizziness 5% 7% 11% Agitation 2% 3% 9% Anxiety 3% 5% 6% Tremor 1% 6% 3% Nervousness 3% 5% 3% Somnolence 2% 2% 3% Irritability 2% 3% 2% Memory decreased 1% - 3% Paresthesia 1% 1% 2% Central nervous system stimulation 1% 2% 1% Respiratory Pharyngitis 2% 3% 11% Sinusitis 2% 3% 1% Increased cough 1% 1% 2% Skin Sweating 2% 6% 5% Rash 1% 5% 4% Pruritus 2% 2% 4% Urticaria 0% 2% 1% Special Senses Tinnitus 2% 6% 6% Taste perversion - 2% 4% Blurred vision or diplopia 2% 3% 2% Urogenital Urinary frequency 2% 2% 5% Urinary urgency 0% - 2% Vaginal hemorrhage a - 0% 2% Urinary tract infection - 1% 0% The following additional adverse reactions occurred in controlled trials of bupropion hydrochloride immediate-release (300 to 600 mg/day) at an incidence of at least 1% more frequently than in the placebo group: cardiac arrhythmia (5% vs 4%), hypertension (4% vs 2%), hypotension (3% vs 2%), menstrual complaints (5% vs 1%), akathisia (2% vs 1%), impaired sleep quality (4% vs 2%), sensory disturbance (4% vs 3%), confusion (8% vs 5%), decreased libido (3% vs 2%), hostility (6% vs 4%), auditory disturbance (5% vs 3%), and gustatory disturbance (3% vs 1%). Changes in Body Weight Table 4 presents the incidence of body weight changes (≥ 5 lbs) in the short-term MDD trials using bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release. There was a dose-related decrease in body weight. Table 4. Incidence of Weight Gain or Weight Loss ( ≥ 5 lbs) in Placebo-controlled Trials of Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release Tablets for Major Depressive Disorder Weight Change Term Placebo (N = 347) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 300 mg/day (N = 339) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 400 mg/day (N = 112) Gained > 5 lbs 4% 3% 2% Lost > 5 lbs 6% 14% 19% 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of bupropion hydrochloride. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Body (General): chills, facial edema, edema, peripheral edema, musculoskeletal chest pain, photosensitivity, and malaise. Cardiovascular: postural hypotension, hypertension, stroke, vasodilation, syncope, complete atrioventricular block, extrasystoles, myocardial infarction, phlebitis, and pulmonary embolism. Digestive: abnormal liver function, bruxism, gastric reflux, gingivitis, glossitis, increased salivation, jaundice, mouth ulcers, stomatitis, thirst, edema of tongue, colitis, esophagitis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, gum hemorrhage, hepatitis, intestinal perforation, liver damage, pancreatitis, and stomach ulcer. Endocrine: hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. Hemic and Lymphatic: ecchymosis, anemia, leukocytosis, leukopenia, lymphadenopathy, pancytopenia, and thrombocytopenia. Altered PT and/or INR, associated with hemorrhagic or thrombotic complications, were observed when bupropion was coadministered with warfarin. Metabolic and Nutritional: glycosuria. Musculoskeletal: leg cramps, fever/rhabdomyolysis, and muscle weakness. Nervous System: abnormal coordination, depersonalization, emotional lability, hyperkinesia, hypertonia, hypesthesia, vertigo, amnesia, ataxia, derealization, abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG), aggression, akinesia, aphasia, coma, dysarthria, dyskinesia, dystonia, euphoria, extrapyramidal syndrome, hypokinesia, increased libido, neuralgia, neuropathy, paranoid ideation, restlessness, suicide attempt, and unmasking tardive dyskinesia. Respiratory: bronchospasm and pneumonia. Skin: maculopapular rash, alopecia, angioedema, exfoliative dermatitis, and hirsutism. Special Senses: accommodation abnormality, dry eye, deafness, increased intraocular pressure, angle-closure glaucoma, and mydriasis. Urogenital: impotence, polyuria, prostate disorder, abnormal ejaculation, cystitis, dyspareunia, dysuria, gynecomastia, menopause, painful erection, salpingitis, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, and vaginitis.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are contraindicated in patients with a seizure disorder [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] . Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are contraindicated in patients treated currently with other bupropion products because the incidence of seizure is dose dependent [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] . Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are contraindicated in patients with a current or prior diagnosis of bulimia or anorexia nervosa because a higher incidence of seizures was observed in such patients treated with bupropion [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] . Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are contraindicated in patients undergoing abrupt discontinuation of alcohol, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and antiepileptic drugs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Drug Interactions (7.3) ] . The use of MAOIs (intended to treat psychiatric disorders) concomitantly with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) or within 14 days of discontinuing treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are contraindicated. There is an increased risk of hypertensive reactions when bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are used concomitantly with MAOIs. The use of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) within 14 days of discontinuing treatment with an MAOI is also contraindicated. Starting bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) in a patient treated with reversible MAOIs such as linezolid or intravenous methylene blue is contraindicated [see Dosage and Administration (2.8) , Warnings and Precautions (5.4) , and Drug Interactions (7.6) ] . Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to bupropion or the other ingredients of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Anaphylactoid/anaphylactic reactions and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have been reported [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) ] . Seizure disorder ( 4 , 5.3 ) Current use of other bupropion products ( 4 , 5.3 ) Current or prior diagnosis of bulimia or anorexia nervosa ( 4 , 5.3 ) Abrupt discontinuation of alcohol, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or antiepileptic drugs ( 4 , 5.3 ) Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs): Do not use MAOIs intended to treat psychiatric disorders with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) or within 14 days of stopping treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Do not use bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) within 14 days of stopping an MAOI intended to treat psychiatric disorders. In addition, do not start bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) in a patient who is being treated with linezolid or intravenous methylene blue ( 4 , 7.6 ). Known hypersensitivity to bupropion or other ingredients of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) ( 4 , 5.8 ).

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Bupropion hydrochloride, an antidepressant of the aminoketone class, is chemically unrelated to tricyclic, tetracyclic, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, or other known antidepressant agents. Its structure closely resembles that of diethylpropion; it is related to phenylethylamines. It is designated as (±)-2-(tert-Butylamino)-3'-chloropropiophenone hydrochloride. The molecular weight is 276.2. The empirical formula is C 13 H 18 ClNO·HCl. Bupropion hydrochloride powder is white or almost white, crystalline, and soluble in water. It has a bitter taste and produces the sensation of local anesthesia on the oral mucosa. The structural formula is: Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-release Tablets (XL) are supplied for oral administration of 450 mg of bupropion hydrochloride as white to off white extended-release tablets. Each film-coated tablet contains the labeled amount of bupropion hydrochloride and the inactive ingredients: carboxymethyl cellulose sodium, colloidal silicon dioxide, hydrochloric acid, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, methacrylic acid copolymer, polyethylene glycol 8000, polyethylene oxide, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and polyvinyl acetate blend, stearic acid, talc, titanium dioxide and triacetin. The tablets are imprintedwith 'W830' on one side with edible black ink and blank on the other side. Image

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Use one tablet (450 mg) once daily without regard to food ( 2.1 ). Swallow the tablet whole. Do not chew, divide, or crush ( 2.1 ). Do not initiate treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Use another bupropion formulation for initial dose titration ( 2.2 ). Can be used in patients who are receiving 300 mg/day of another bupropion formulation for at least 2 weeks, and require a dosage of 450 mg/day ( 2.2 ). Patients who are currently being treated with other bupropion products at 450 mg/day can be switched to equivalent dose of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) once daily ( 2.2 ). 2.1 General Instructions for Use One tablet (450 mg) of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) should be taken once daily without regard to meals. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should be swallowed whole and not crushed, divided, or chewed. 2.2 Initial Treatment with Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) Do not initiate treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) because the 450mg tablet is the only available dose formulation. Use another bupropion formulation for initial dose titration (referring to prescribing information of other bupropion products). Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can be used in patients who are receiving 300 mg/day of another bupropion formulation for at least 2 weeks, and require a dosage of 450 mg/day. Patients who are currently being treated with other bupropion products at 450 mg/day can be switched to an equivalent dose of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) once daily. 2.3 Maintenance Treatment with Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) It is generally agreed that acute episodes of depression require several months or longer of sustained antidepressant treatment beyond the response in the acute episode. It is unknown whether the 450mg dose needed for maintenance treatment is identical to the dose that provided an initial response. Periodically reassess the need for maintenance treatment and the appropriate dose for such treatment. 2.4 To Discontinue Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL), Taper the Dose Because the 450mg tablet is the only available dose formulation, use another bupropion formulation for tapering the dose prior to discontinuation (referring to prescribing information of other bupropion products). 2.5 Patients with Impaired Hepatic Function Because there is no lower dose strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are not recommended in patients with hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . 2.6 Patients with Impaired Renal Function Because there is no lower dose strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) is not recommended in patients with renal impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . 2.7 Switching a Patient To or From a Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (MAOI) Antidepressant At least 14 days should elapse between discontinuation of an MAOI intended to treat depression and initiation of therapy with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Conversely, at least 14 days should be allowed after stopping bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) before starting an MAOI antidepressant [see Contraindications (4) and Drug Interactions (7.6) ] . 2.8 Use of Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) with Reversible MAOIs Such as Linezolid or Methylene Blue Do not start bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) in a patient who is being treated with a reversible MAOI such as linezolid or intravenous methylene blue. Drug interactions can increase the risk of hypertensive reactions. In a patient who requires more urgent treatment of a psychiatric condition, nonpharmacological interventions, including hospitalization, should be considered [see Contraindications (4) ] . In some cases, a patient already receiving therapy with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) may require urgent treatment with linezolid or intravenous methylene blue. If acceptable alternatives to linezolid or intravenous methylene blue treatment are not available and the potential benefits of linezolid or intravenous methylene blue treatment are judged to outweigh the risks of hypertensive reactions in a particular patient, bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should be stopped promptly, and linezolid or intravenous methylene blue can be administered. The patient should be monitored for 2 weeks or until 24 hours after the last dose of linezolid or intravenous methylene blue, whichever comes first. Therapy with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) may be resumed 24 hours after the last dose of linezolid or intravenous methylene blue. The risk of administering methylene blue by nonintravenous routes (such as oral tablets or by local injection) or in intravenous doses much lower than 1 mg/kg with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) is unclear. The clinician should, nevertheless, be aware of the possibility of a drug interaction with such use [see Contraindications (4) and Drug Interactions (7.6) ] .

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). The efficacy of the immediate-release formulation of bupropion was established in two 4-week controlled inpatient trials and one 6-week controlled outpatient trial of adult patients with MDD. The efficacy of the sustained-release formulation of bupropion in the maintenance treatment of MDD was established in a long-term (up to 44 weeks), placebo-controlled trial in patients who had responded to bupropion in an 8-week study of acute treatment [see Clinical Studies (14) ] . The physician who elects to use bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) for extended periods should periodically reevaluate the long-term usefulness of the drug for the individual patient. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are an aminoketone antidepressant indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) (1). The efficacy was established in two 4-week trials, one 6-week trial with bupropion immediate-release formulation, and one maintenance trial with bupropion sustained-release formulation, all in adults ( 14 ). Periodically re-evaluate long-term usefulness for the individual patient ( 1 ).

Abuse

9.2 Abuse Humans Controlled clinical studies of bupropion hydrochloride (immediate-release formulation) conducted in normal volunteers, in subjects with a history of multiple drug abuse, and in depressed patients demonstrated an increase in motor activity and agitation/excitement. In a population of individuals experienced with drugs of abuse, a single dose of 400 mg of bupropion hydrochloride produced mild amphetamine-like activity as compared to placebo on the Morphine-Benzedrine Subscale of the Addiction Research Center Inventories (ARCI), and a score intermediate between placebo and amphetamine on the Liking Scale of the ARCI. These scales measure general feelings of euphoria and drug desirability. Findings in clinical trials, however, are not known to reliably predict the abuse potential of drugs. Nonetheless, evidence from single-dose studies does suggest that the recommended daily dosage of bupropion when administered in divided doses is not likely to be significantly reinforcing to amphetamine or CNS-stimulant abusers. However, higher doses (that could not be tested because of the risk of seizure) might be modestly attractive to those who abuse CNS-stimulant drugs. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets are intended for oral use only. The inhalation of crushed tablets or injection of dissolved bupropion has been reported. Seizures and/or cases of death have been reported when bupropion has been administered intranasally or by parenteral injection. Animals Studies in rodents and primates demonstrated that bupropion exhibits some pharmacologic actions common to psychostimulants. In rodents, it has been shown to increase locomotor activity, elicit a mild stereotyped behavioral response, and increase rates of responding in several schedule-controlled behavior paradigms. In primate models assessing the positive reinforcing effects of psychoactive drugs, bupropion was self-administered intravenously. In rats, bupropion produced amphetamine-like and cocaine-like discriminative stimulus effects in drug discrimination paradigms used to characterize the subjective effects of psychoactive drugs.

Controlled Substance

9.1 Controlled Substance Bupropion is not a controlled substance.

Drug Abuse And Dependence

9 DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE 9.1 Controlled Substance Bupropion is not a controlled substance. 9.2 Abuse Humans Controlled clinical studies of bupropion hydrochloride (immediate-release formulation) conducted in normal volunteers, in subjects with a history of multiple drug abuse, and in depressed patients demonstrated an increase in motor activity and agitation/excitement. In a population of individuals experienced with drugs of abuse, a single dose of 400 mg of bupropion hydrochloride produced mild amphetamine-like activity as compared to placebo on the Morphine-Benzedrine Subscale of the Addiction Research Center Inventories (ARCI), and a score intermediate between placebo and amphetamine on the Liking Scale of the ARCI. These scales measure general feelings of euphoria and drug desirability. Findings in clinical trials, however, are not known to reliably predict the abuse potential of drugs. Nonetheless, evidence from single-dose studies does suggest that the recommended daily dosage of bupropion when administered in divided doses is not likely to be significantly reinforcing to amphetamine or CNS-stimulant abusers. However, higher doses (that could not be tested because of the risk of seizure) might be modestly attractive to those who abuse CNS-stimulant drugs. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets are intended for oral use only. The inhalation of crushed tablets or injection of dissolved bupropion has been reported. Seizures and/or cases of death have been reported when bupropion has been administered intranasally or by parenteral injection. Animals Studies in rodents and primates demonstrated that bupropion exhibits some pharmacologic actions common to psychostimulants. In rodents, it has been shown to increase locomotor activity, elicit a mild stereotyped behavioral response, and increase rates of responding in several schedule-controlled behavior paradigms. In primate models assessing the positive reinforcing effects of psychoactive drugs, bupropion was self-administered intravenously. In rats, bupropion produced amphetamine-like and cocaine-like discriminative stimulus effects in drug discrimination paradigms used to characterize the subjective effects of psychoactive drugs.

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE 10.1 Human Overdose Experience Overdoses of up to 30 g or more of bupropion have been reported. Seizure was reported in approximately one third of all cases. Other serious reactions reported with overdoses of bupropion alone included hallucinations, loss of consciousness, sinus tachycardia, and ECG changes such as conduction disturbances or arrhythmias. Fever, muscle rigidity, rhabdomyolysis, hypotension, stupor, coma, and respiratory failure have been reported mainly when bupropion was part of multiple drug overdoses. Although most patients recovered without sequelae, deaths associated with overdoses of bupropion alone have been reported in patients ingesting large doses of the drug. Multiple uncontrolled seizures, bradycardia, cardiac failure, and cardiac arrest prior to death were reported in these patients. 10.2 Overdosage Management Consult a Certified Poison Control Center for up-to-date guidance and advice. Telephone numbers for certified poison control centers are listed in the Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR). Call 1-800-222-1222 or refer to www.poison.org. There are no known antidotes for bupropion. In case of an overdose, provide supportive care, including close medical supervision and monitoring. Consider the possibility of multiple drug overdose.

Adverse Reactions Table

Table 2. Treatment Discontinuation Due to Adverse Reactions in Placebo-controlled Trials in Major Depressive Disorder
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo (N = 385) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 300 mg/day (N = 376) Bupropion Hydrochloride Sustained-release 400 mg/day (N = 114)
Rash 0% 2.4% 0.9%
Nausea 0.3% 0.8% 1.8%
Agitation 0.3% 0.3% 1.8%
Migraine 0.3% 0% 1.8%

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS CYP2B6 Inhibitors: Ticlopidine or clopidogrel may increase bupropion exposure. Coadministration of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) with ticlopidine or clopidogrel is not recommended ( 7.1 ). CYP2B6 Inducers: Dose increase may be necessary if coadministered with CYP2B6 inducers (eg, ritonavir, lopinavir, efavirenz, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin) based on clinical exposure, but should not exceed the maximum recommended dose ( 7.1 ). Drugs Metabolized by CYP2D6: Bupropion inhibits CYP2D6 and can increase concentrations of: antidepressants (eg, venlafaxine, nortriptyline, imipramine, desipramine, paroxetine, fluoxetine, sertraline), antipsychotics (eg, haloperidol, risperidone, thioridazine), beta-blockers (eg, metoprolol), and Type 1C antiarrhythmics (eg, propafenone, flecainide). Consider dose reduction when using with bupropion ( 7.2 ). Drugs That Lower Seizure Threshold: Dose bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) with extreme caution ( 5.3 , 7.3 ). Dopaminergic Drugs (levodopa and amantadine): CNS toxicity can occur when used concomitantly with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) ( 7.4 ). MAOIs: Increased risk of hypertensive reactions can occur when used concomitantly with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) ( 7.6 ). Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions: Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can cause false-positive urine test results for amphetamines ( 7.7 ). 7.1 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) Bupropion is primarily metabolized to hydroxybupropion by CYP2B6. Therefore, the potential exists for drug interactions between bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and drugs that are inhibitors or inducers of CYP2B6. Inhibitors of CYP2B6 Ticlopidine and Clopidogrel: Concomitant treatment with these drugs can increase bupropion exposures but decrease hydroxybupropion exposure. Coadministration of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) with ticlopidine or clopidogrel is not recommended [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . Inducers of CYP2B6 Ritonavir, Lopinavir, and Efavirenz: Concomitant treatment with these drugs can decrease bupropion and hydroxybupropion exposure. Patients receiving any of these drugs with bupropion may need increased doses of bupropion, but the maximum recommended dose of bupropion should not be exceeded [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . Carbamazepine, Phenobarbital, and Phenytoin: Although not systematically studied, these drugs may induce metabolism of bupropion and may decrease bupropion exposure [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . If bupropion is used concomitantly with a CYP inducer, it may be necessary to increase the dose of bupropion but the maximum recommended dose should not be exceeded. 7.2 Potential for Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) to Affect Other Drugs Drugs Metabolized by CYP2D6 Bupropion and its metabolites (erythrohydrobupropion, threohydrobupropion, and hydroxybupropion) are CYP2D6 inhibitors. Therefore, coadministration of bupropion with drugs that are metabolized by CYP2D6 can increase the exposures of drugs that are substrates of CYP2D6. Such drugs include antidepressants (eg, venlafaxine, nortriptyline, imipramine, desipramine, paroxetine, fluoxetine, and sertraline), antipsychotics (eg, haloperidol, risperidone, and thioridazine), beta-blockers (eg, metoprolol), and Type 1C antiarrhythmics (eg, propafenone, and flecainide). When used concomitantly with bupropion, it may be necessary to decrease the dose of these CYP2D6 substrates, particularly for drugs with a narrow therapeutic index. Drugs that require metabolic activation by CYP2D6 to be effective (eg, tamoxifen) theoretically could have reduced efficacy when administered concomitantly with inhibitors of CYP2D6 such as bupropion. Patients treated concomitantly with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and such drugs may require increased doses of the drug [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . 7.3 Drugs that Lower Seizure Threshold Because there is no lower strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), concurrent administration of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and agents that lower the seizure threshold (eg, other bupropion products, antipsychotics, antidepressants, theophylline, or systemic corticosteroids) should be undertaken only with extreme caution [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] . 7.4 Dopaminergic Drugs (Levodopa and Amantadine) Bupropion, levodopa, and amantadine have dopamine agonist effects. CNS toxicity has been reported when bupropion was coadministered with levodopa or amantadine. Adverse reactions have included restlessness, agitation, tremor, ataxia, gait disturbance, vertigo, and dizziness. It is presumed that the toxicity results from cumulative dopamine agonist effects. Because there is no lower strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), administration of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) to patients receiving either levodopa or amantadine concurrently should be undertaken with caution. 7.5 Use with Alcohol In postmarketing experience, there have been rare reports of adverse neuropsychiatric events or reduced alcohol tolerance in patients who were drinking alcohol during treatment with bupropion. Alcohol increased the release rate of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) in vitro . The consumption of alcohol during treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should be avoided. 7.6 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) Bupropion inhibits the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine. Concomitant use of MAOIs and bupropion is contraindicated because there is an increased risk of hypertensive reactions if bupropion is used concomitantly with MAOIs. Studies in animals demonstrate that the acute toxicity of bupropion is enhanced by the MAOI phenelzine. At least 14 days should elapse between discontinuation of an MAOI intended to treat depression and initiation of treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Conversely, at least 14 days should be allowed after stopping bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) before starting an MAOI antidepressant [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.7 , 2.8 ) and Contraindications (4) ] . 7.7 Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions False-positive urine immunoassay screening tests for amphetamines have been reported in patients taking bupropion. This is due to lack of specificity of some screening tests. False-positive test results may result even following discontinuation of bupropion therapy. Confirmatory tests such as gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, will distinguish bupropion from amphetamines.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action The mechanism of action of bupropion is unknown, as is the case with other antidepressants. However, it is presumed that this action is mediated by noradrenergic and/or dopaminergic mechanisms. Bupropion is a relatively weak inhibitor of the neuronal uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine, and does not inhibit monoamine oxidase or the reuptake of serotonin. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics Bupropion is a racemic mixture. The pharmacologic activity and pharmacokinetics of the individual enantiomers have not been studied. Following single dosing under fasted conditions of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), the maximum peak plasma concentration (C max ), and the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve of bupropion from zero to infinity (AUC inf ), were 207.46 (± 59.40) ng/mL, and 2147.53 (± 664.12) ng•hr/mL, respectively. The elimination half-life (±SD) of bupropion after a single dose was 14.44 (± 5) hours. In a single-dose study under fasting conditions, one bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) given once daily and three WELLBUTRIN XL 150 mg tablets once daily were evaluated. Equivalence was demonstrated for peak concentration and area under the curve for bupropion and the 3 metabolites (hydroxybupropion, erythrohydrobupropion, and threohydrobupropion). Absorption Following single oral administration of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) to healthy volunteers, the median time to peak plasma concentrations for bupropion was approximately 5 hours under fasted conditions, and 12 hours under fed conditions. The presence of food did not affect the maximum peak plasma concentration for bupropion, however, mean systemic exposure to bupropion was increased by 25% when bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) were taken with food. The food effect is not considered clinically significant and bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can be taken with or without food. Distribution In vitro tests show that bupropion is 84% bound to human plasma proteins at concentrations up to 200 mcg/mL. The extent of protein binding of the hydroxybupropion metabolite is similar to that for bupropion, whereas the extent of protein binding of the threohydrobupropion metabolite is about half that of bupropion. Metabolism Bupropion is extensively metabolized in humans. Three metabolites are active: hydroxybupropion, which is formed via hydroxylation of the tert -butyl group of bupropion, and the amino-alcohol isomers threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion, which are formed via reduction of the carbonyl group. In vitro findings suggest that CYP2B6 is the principal isoenzyme involved in the formation of hydroxybupropion, while cytochrome P450 isoenzymes are not involved in the formation of threohydrobupropion. Oxidation of the bupropion side chain results in the formation of a glycine conjugate of meta-chlorobenzoic acid, which is then excreted as the major urinary metabolite. The potency and toxicity of the metabolites relative to bupropion have not been fully characterized. However, it has been demonstrated in an antidepressant screening test in mice that hydroxybupropion is one half as potent as bupropion, while threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion are 5-fold less potent than bupropion. This may be of clinical importance because the plasma concentrations of the metabolites are as high or higher than those of bupropion. In humans, peak plasma concentrations of hydroxybupropion occur approximately 10 hours after administration of a single dose of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) under fasted conditions and 16 hours under fed conditions. Following administration of WELLBUTRIN XL, peak plasma concentrations of hydroxybupropion are approximately 7 times the peak level of the parent drug at steady state. The elimination half-life of hydroxybupropion is approximately 20 (±5) hours, and its AUC at steady state is about 13 times that of bupropion. The times to peak concentrations for the erythrohydrobupropion and threohydrobupropion metabolites are similar to that of the hydroxybupropion metabolite. However, the elimination half-lives of erythrohydrobupropion and threohydrobupropion are longer, approximately 33 (±10) and 37 (±13) hours, respectively, and steady-state AUCs are 1.4 and 7 times that of bupropion, respectively. Bupropion and its metabolites exhibit linear kinetics following chronic administration of 300 to 450 mg/day of bupropion hydrochloride. Elimination Following oral administration of 200 mg of 14 C-bupropion in humans, 87% and 10% of the radioactive dose were recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. Only 0.5% of the oral dose was excreted as unchanged bupropion. Population Subgroups Factors or conditions altering metabolic capacity (eg, liver disease, congestive heart failure [CHF], age, concomitant medications, etc) or elimination may be expected to influence the degree and extent of accumulation of the active metabolites of bupropion. The elimination of the major metabolites of bupropion may be affected by reduced renal or hepatic function because they are moderately polar compounds and are likely to undergo further metabolism or conjugation in the liver prior to urinary excretion. Renal Impairment There is limited information on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion in patients with renal impairment. An intertrial comparison between normal subjects and patients with end-stage renal failure demonstrated that the parent drug C max and AUC values were comparable in the 2 groups, whereas the hydroxybupropion and threohydrobupropion metabolites had a 2.3- and 2.8-fold increase, respectively, in AUC for subjects with end-stage renal failure. A second study, comparing normal subjects and subjects with moderate to severe renal impairment (GFR 30.9 ± 10.8 mL/min) showed that after a single 150-mg dose of sustained-release bupropion, exposure to bupropion was approximately 2-fold higher in subjects with impaired renal function while levels of the hydroxybupropion and threo/erythrohydrobupropion (combined) metabolites were similar in the 2 groups. Bupropion is extensively metabolized in the liver to active metabolites, which are further metabolized and subsequently excreted by the kidneys. The elimination of the major metabolites of bupropion may be reduced by impaired renal function [see Dosage and Administration (2.6) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6) ] . Hepatic Impairment The effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion was characterized in 2 single-dose studies, one in subjects with alcoholic liver disease and one in subjects with mild to severe cirrhosis. The first trial demonstrated that the half-life of hydroxybupropion was significantly longer in 8 subjects with alcoholic liver disease than in 8 healthy volunteers (32±14 hours versus 21±5 hours, respectively). Although not statistically significant, the AUCs for bupropion and hydroxybupropion were more variable and tended to be greater (by 53% to 57%) in patients with alcoholic liver disease. The differences in half-life for bupropion and the other metabolites in the 2 groups were minimal. The second trial demonstrated no statistically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and its active metabolites in 9 subjects with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis compared to 8 healthy volunteers. However, more variability was observed in some of the pharmacokinetic parameters for bupropion (AUC, C max , and T max ) and its active metabolites (t ½ ) in subjects with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis. In addition, in patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis, the bupropion C max and AUC were substantially increased (mean difference: by approximately 70% and 3-fold, respectively) and more variable when compared to values in healthy volunteers; the mean bupropion half-life was also longer (29 hours in subjects with severe hepatic cirrhosis vs 19 hours in healthy subjects). For the metabolite hydroxybupropion, the mean C max was approximately 69% lower. For the combined amino-alcohol isomers threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion, the mean C max was approximately 31% lower. The mean AUC increased by about 1.5-fold for hydroxybupropion and about 2.5-fold for threo/erythrohydrobupropion. The median T max was observed 19 hours later for hydroxybupropion and 31 hours later for threo/erythrohydrobupropion. The mean half-lives for hydroxybupropion and threo/erythrohydrobupropion were increased 5- and 2-fold, respectively, in patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis compared to healthy volunteers [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7) ] . Left Ventricular Dysfunction During a chronic dosing study with bupropion in 14 depressed patients with left ventricular dysfunction (history of CHF or an enlarged heart on x-ray), there was no apparent effect on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion or its metabolites, compared to healthy volunteers. Age The effects of age on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and its metabolites have not been fully characterized, but an exploration of steady-state bupropion concentrations from several depression efficacy studies involving patients dosed in a range of 300 to 750 mg/day, on a 3 times daily schedule, revealed no relationship between age (18 to 83 years) and plasma concentration of bupropion. A single-dose pharmacokinetic study demonstrated that the disposition of bupropion and its metabolites in elderly subjects was similar to that in younger subjects. These data suggest that there is no prominent effect of age on bupropion concentration; however, another single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetic study suggested that the elderly are at increased risk for accumulation of bupropion and its metabolites [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5) ] . Gender A single-dose study involving 12 healthy male and 12 healthy female volunteers revealed no sex-related differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of bupropion. In addition, pooled analysis of bupropion pharmacokinetic data from 90 healthy male and 90 healthy female volunteers revealed no sex-related differences in the peak plasma concentrations of bupropion. The mean systemic exposure (AUC) was approximately 13% higher in male volunteers compared to female volunteers. Smokers The effects of cigarette smoking on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion hydrochloride were studied in 34 healthy male and female volunteers; 17 were chronic cigarette smokers and 17 were nonsmokers. Following oral administration of a single 150-mg dose of bupropion, there was no statistically significant difference in C max , half-life, T max , AUC, or clearance of bupropion or its active metabolites between smokers and nonsmokers. Drug Interactions Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) In vitro studies indicate that bupropion is primarily metabolized to hydroxybupropion by CYP2B6. Therefore, the potential exists for drug interactions between bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and drugs that are inhibitors or inducers of CYP2B6. In addition, in vitro studies suggest that paroxetine, sertraline, norfluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and nelfinavir, inhibit the hydroxylation of bupropion. Inhibitors of CYP2B6 Ticlopidine, Clopidogrel: In a study in healthy male volunteers, clopidogrel 75 mg once daily or ticlopidine 250 mg twice daily increased exposures (C max and AUC) of bupropion by 40% and 60% for clopidogrel and by 38% and 85% for ticlopidine, respectively. The exposures of hydroxybupropion were decreased. Prasugrel : In healthy subjects, prasugrel increased bupropion C max and AUC values by 14% and 18%, respectively, and decreased C max and AUC values of hydroxybupropion by 32% and 24%, respectively. Cimetidine: Following oral administration of bupropion 300 mg with and without cimetidine 800 mg in 24 healthy young male volunteers, the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and hydroxybupropion were unaffected. However, there were 16% and 32% increases in the AUC and C max , respectively, of the combined moieties of threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion. Citalopram: Citalopram did not affect the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and its 3 metabolites. Inducers of CYP2B6 Ritonavir and Lopinavir: In a healthy volunteer study, ritonavir 100 mg twice daily reduced the AUC and C max of bupropion by 22% and 21%, respectively. The exposure of the hydroxybupropion metabolite was decreased by 23%, threohydrobupropion decreased by 38%, and erythrohydrobupropion decreased by 48%. In a second healthy volunteer study, ritonavir 600 mg twice daily decreased the AUC and the C max of bupropion by 66% and 62%, respectively. The exposure of the hydroxybupropion metabolite was decreased by 78%, threohydrobupropion decreased by 50%, and erythrohydrobupropion decreased by 68%. In another healthy volunteer study, lopinavir 400 mg/ritonavir 100 mg twice daily decreased bupropion AUC and C max by 57%. The AUC and C max of the hydroxybupropion metabolite were decreased by 50% and 31%, respectively. Efavirenz: In a study of healthy volunteers, efavirenz 600 mg once daily for 2 weeks reduced the AUC and C max of bupropion by approximately 55% and 34%, respectively. The AUC of hydroxybupropion was unchanged, whereas C max of hydroxybupropion was increased by 50%. Carbamazepine, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin: Although not systematically studied, these drugs may induce the metabolism of bupropion. Potential for Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) to Affect Other Drugs Animal data indicated that bupropion may be an inducer of drug-metabolizing enzymes in humans. In a study of 8 healthy male volunteers, following a 14-day administration of bupropion 100 mg 3 times daily, there was no evidence of induction of its own metabolism. Nevertheless, there may be the potential for clinically important alterations of blood levels of coadministered drugs. Drugs Metabolized by CYP2D6 In vitro , bupropion and hydroxybupropion are CYP2D6 inhibitors. In a clinical study of 15 male subjects (19 to 35 years of age) who were extensive metabolizers of CYP2D6, bupropion given as 150 mg twice daily followed by a single dose of 50 mg desipramine increased the C max , AUC, and t ½ of desipramine by an average of approximately 2-, 5-, and 2-fold, respectively. The effect was present for at least 7 days after the last dose of bupropion. Concomitant use of bupropion with other drugs metabolized by CYP2D6 has not been formally studied. Citalopram: Although citalopram is not primarily metabolized by CYP2D6, in one study bupropion increased the C max and AUC of citalopram by 30% and 40%, respectively. Lamotrigine: Multiple oral doses of bupropion had no statistically significant effects on the single-dose pharmacokinetics of lamotrigine in 12 healthy volunteers.

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action The mechanism of action of bupropion is unknown, as is the case with other antidepressants. However, it is presumed that this action is mediated by noradrenergic and/or dopaminergic mechanisms. Bupropion is a relatively weak inhibitor of the neuronal uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine, and does not inhibit monoamine oxidase or the reuptake of serotonin.

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics Bupropion is a racemic mixture. The pharmacologic activity and pharmacokinetics of the individual enantiomers have not been studied. Following single dosing under fasted conditions of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), the maximum peak plasma concentration (C max ), and the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve of bupropion from zero to infinity (AUC inf ), were 207.46 (± 59.40) ng/mL, and 2147.53 (± 664.12) ng•hr/mL, respectively. The elimination half-life (±SD) of bupropion after a single dose was 14.44 (± 5) hours. In a single-dose study under fasting conditions, one bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) given once daily and three WELLBUTRIN XL 150 mg tablets once daily were evaluated. Equivalence was demonstrated for peak concentration and area under the curve for bupropion and the 3 metabolites (hydroxybupropion, erythrohydrobupropion, and threohydrobupropion). Absorption Following single oral administration of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) to healthy volunteers, the median time to peak plasma concentrations for bupropion was approximately 5 hours under fasted conditions, and 12 hours under fed conditions. The presence of food did not affect the maximum peak plasma concentration for bupropion, however, mean systemic exposure to bupropion was increased by 25% when bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) were taken with food. The food effect is not considered clinically significant and bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can be taken with or without food. Distribution In vitro tests show that bupropion is 84% bound to human plasma proteins at concentrations up to 200 mcg/mL. The extent of protein binding of the hydroxybupropion metabolite is similar to that for bupropion, whereas the extent of protein binding of the threohydrobupropion metabolite is about half that of bupropion. Metabolism Bupropion is extensively metabolized in humans. Three metabolites are active: hydroxybupropion, which is formed via hydroxylation of the tert -butyl group of bupropion, and the amino-alcohol isomers threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion, which are formed via reduction of the carbonyl group. In vitro findings suggest that CYP2B6 is the principal isoenzyme involved in the formation of hydroxybupropion, while cytochrome P450 isoenzymes are not involved in the formation of threohydrobupropion. Oxidation of the bupropion side chain results in the formation of a glycine conjugate of meta-chlorobenzoic acid, which is then excreted as the major urinary metabolite. The potency and toxicity of the metabolites relative to bupropion have not been fully characterized. However, it has been demonstrated in an antidepressant screening test in mice that hydroxybupropion is one half as potent as bupropion, while threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion are 5-fold less potent than bupropion. This may be of clinical importance because the plasma concentrations of the metabolites are as high or higher than those of bupropion. In humans, peak plasma concentrations of hydroxybupropion occur approximately 10 hours after administration of a single dose of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) under fasted conditions and 16 hours under fed conditions. Following administration of WELLBUTRIN XL, peak plasma concentrations of hydroxybupropion are approximately 7 times the peak level of the parent drug at steady state. The elimination half-life of hydroxybupropion is approximately 20 (±5) hours, and its AUC at steady state is about 13 times that of bupropion. The times to peak concentrations for the erythrohydrobupropion and threohydrobupropion metabolites are similar to that of the hydroxybupropion metabolite. However, the elimination half-lives of erythrohydrobupropion and threohydrobupropion are longer, approximately 33 (±10) and 37 (±13) hours, respectively, and steady-state AUCs are 1.4 and 7 times that of bupropion, respectively. Bupropion and its metabolites exhibit linear kinetics following chronic administration of 300 to 450 mg/day of bupropion hydrochloride. Elimination Following oral administration of 200 mg of 14 C-bupropion in humans, 87% and 10% of the radioactive dose were recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. Only 0.5% of the oral dose was excreted as unchanged bupropion. Population Subgroups Factors or conditions altering metabolic capacity (eg, liver disease, congestive heart failure [CHF], age, concomitant medications, etc) or elimination may be expected to influence the degree and extent of accumulation of the active metabolites of bupropion. The elimination of the major metabolites of bupropion may be affected by reduced renal or hepatic function because they are moderately polar compounds and are likely to undergo further metabolism or conjugation in the liver prior to urinary excretion. Renal Impairment There is limited information on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion in patients with renal impairment. An intertrial comparison between normal subjects and patients with end-stage renal failure demonstrated that the parent drug C max and AUC values were comparable in the 2 groups, whereas the hydroxybupropion and threohydrobupropion metabolites had a 2.3- and 2.8-fold increase, respectively, in AUC for subjects with end-stage renal failure. A second study, comparing normal subjects and subjects with moderate to severe renal impairment (GFR 30.9 ± 10.8 mL/min) showed that after a single 150-mg dose of sustained-release bupropion, exposure to bupropion was approximately 2-fold higher in subjects with impaired renal function while levels of the hydroxybupropion and threo/erythrohydrobupropion (combined) metabolites were similar in the 2 groups. Bupropion is extensively metabolized in the liver to active metabolites, which are further metabolized and subsequently excreted by the kidneys. The elimination of the major metabolites of bupropion may be reduced by impaired renal function [see Dosage and Administration (2.6) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6) ] . Hepatic Impairment The effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion was characterized in 2 single-dose studies, one in subjects with alcoholic liver disease and one in subjects with mild to severe cirrhosis. The first trial demonstrated that the half-life of hydroxybupropion was significantly longer in 8 subjects with alcoholic liver disease than in 8 healthy volunteers (32±14 hours versus 21±5 hours, respectively). Although not statistically significant, the AUCs for bupropion and hydroxybupropion were more variable and tended to be greater (by 53% to 57%) in patients with alcoholic liver disease. The differences in half-life for bupropion and the other metabolites in the 2 groups were minimal. The second trial demonstrated no statistically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and its active metabolites in 9 subjects with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis compared to 8 healthy volunteers. However, more variability was observed in some of the pharmacokinetic parameters for bupropion (AUC, C max , and T max ) and its active metabolites (t ½ ) in subjects with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis. In addition, in patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis, the bupropion C max and AUC were substantially increased (mean difference: by approximately 70% and 3-fold, respectively) and more variable when compared to values in healthy volunteers; the mean bupropion half-life was also longer (29 hours in subjects with severe hepatic cirrhosis vs 19 hours in healthy subjects). For the metabolite hydroxybupropion, the mean C max was approximately 69% lower. For the combined amino-alcohol isomers threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion, the mean C max was approximately 31% lower. The mean AUC increased by about 1.5-fold for hydroxybupropion and about 2.5-fold for threo/erythrohydrobupropion. The median T max was observed 19 hours later for hydroxybupropion and 31 hours later for threo/erythrohydrobupropion. The mean half-lives for hydroxybupropion and threo/erythrohydrobupropion were increased 5- and 2-fold, respectively, in patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis compared to healthy volunteers [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7) ] . Left Ventricular Dysfunction During a chronic dosing study with bupropion in 14 depressed patients with left ventricular dysfunction (history of CHF or an enlarged heart on x-ray), there was no apparent effect on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion or its metabolites, compared to healthy volunteers. Age The effects of age on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and its metabolites have not been fully characterized, but an exploration of steady-state bupropion concentrations from several depression efficacy studies involving patients dosed in a range of 300 to 750 mg/day, on a 3 times daily schedule, revealed no relationship between age (18 to 83 years) and plasma concentration of bupropion. A single-dose pharmacokinetic study demonstrated that the disposition of bupropion and its metabolites in elderly subjects was similar to that in younger subjects. These data suggest that there is no prominent effect of age on bupropion concentration; however, another single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetic study suggested that the elderly are at increased risk for accumulation of bupropion and its metabolites [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5) ] . Gender A single-dose study involving 12 healthy male and 12 healthy female volunteers revealed no sex-related differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of bupropion. In addition, pooled analysis of bupropion pharmacokinetic data from 90 healthy male and 90 healthy female volunteers revealed no sex-related differences in the peak plasma concentrations of bupropion. The mean systemic exposure (AUC) was approximately 13% higher in male volunteers compared to female volunteers. Smokers The effects of cigarette smoking on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion hydrochloride were studied in 34 healthy male and female volunteers; 17 were chronic cigarette smokers and 17 were nonsmokers. Following oral administration of a single 150-mg dose of bupropion, there was no statistically significant difference in C max , half-life, T max , AUC, or clearance of bupropion or its active metabolites between smokers and nonsmokers. Drug Interactions Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) In vitro studies indicate that bupropion is primarily metabolized to hydroxybupropion by CYP2B6. Therefore, the potential exists for drug interactions between bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and drugs that are inhibitors or inducers of CYP2B6. In addition, in vitro studies suggest that paroxetine, sertraline, norfluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and nelfinavir, inhibit the hydroxylation of bupropion. Inhibitors of CYP2B6 Ticlopidine, Clopidogrel: In a study in healthy male volunteers, clopidogrel 75 mg once daily or ticlopidine 250 mg twice daily increased exposures (C max and AUC) of bupropion by 40% and 60% for clopidogrel and by 38% and 85% for ticlopidine, respectively. The exposures of hydroxybupropion were decreased. Prasugrel : In healthy subjects, prasugrel increased bupropion C max and AUC values by 14% and 18%, respectively, and decreased C max and AUC values of hydroxybupropion by 32% and 24%, respectively. Cimetidine: Following oral administration of bupropion 300 mg with and without cimetidine 800 mg in 24 healthy young male volunteers, the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and hydroxybupropion were unaffected. However, there were 16% and 32% increases in the AUC and C max , respectively, of the combined moieties of threohydrobupropion and erythrohydrobupropion. Citalopram: Citalopram did not affect the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and its 3 metabolites. Inducers of CYP2B6 Ritonavir and Lopinavir: In a healthy volunteer study, ritonavir 100 mg twice daily reduced the AUC and C max of bupropion by 22% and 21%, respectively. The exposure of the hydroxybupropion metabolite was decreased by 23%, threohydrobupropion decreased by 38%, and erythrohydrobupropion decreased by 48%. In a second healthy volunteer study, ritonavir 600 mg twice daily decreased the AUC and the C max of bupropion by 66% and 62%, respectively. The exposure of the hydroxybupropion metabolite was decreased by 78%, threohydrobupropion decreased by 50%, and erythrohydrobupropion decreased by 68%. In another healthy volunteer study, lopinavir 400 mg/ritonavir 100 mg twice daily decreased bupropion AUC and C max by 57%. The AUC and C max of the hydroxybupropion metabolite were decreased by 50% and 31%, respectively. Efavirenz: In a study of healthy volunteers, efavirenz 600 mg once daily for 2 weeks reduced the AUC and C max of bupropion by approximately 55% and 34%, respectively. The AUC of hydroxybupropion was unchanged, whereas C max of hydroxybupropion was increased by 50%. Carbamazepine, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin: Although not systematically studied, these drugs may induce the metabolism of bupropion. Potential for Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets (XL) to Affect Other Drugs Animal data indicated that bupropion may be an inducer of drug-metabolizing enzymes in humans. In a study of 8 healthy male volunteers, following a 14-day administration of bupropion 100 mg 3 times daily, there was no evidence of induction of its own metabolism. Nevertheless, there may be the potential for clinically important alterations of blood levels of coadministered drugs. Drugs Metabolized by CYP2D6 In vitro , bupropion and hydroxybupropion are CYP2D6 inhibitors. In a clinical study of 15 male subjects (19 to 35 years of age) who were extensive metabolizers of CYP2D6, bupropion given as 150 mg twice daily followed by a single dose of 50 mg desipramine increased the C max , AUC, and t ½ of desipramine by an average of approximately 2-, 5-, and 2-fold, respectively. The effect was present for at least 7 days after the last dose of bupropion. Concomitant use of bupropion with other drugs metabolized by CYP2D6 has not been formally studied. Citalopram: Although citalopram is not primarily metabolized by CYP2D6, in one study bupropion increased the C max and AUC of citalopram by 30% and 40%, respectively. Lamotrigine: Multiple oral doses of bupropion had no statistically significant effects on the single-dose pharmacokinetics of lamotrigine in 12 healthy volunteers.

Effective Time

20201225

Version

3

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), 450 mg, are white to off white, oblong shaped tablets are imprinted with 'W830' on one side and blank on the other side. Extended-release tablets: 450 mg ( 3 )

Spl Product Data Elements

BUPROPION HYDROCHLORIDE bupropion hydrochloride BUPROPION HYDROCHLORIDE BUPROPION CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM, UNSPECIFIED FORM COPOVIDONE K25-31 HYDROCHLORIC ACID HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (1600000 WAMW) HYPROMELLOSE, UNSPECIFIED MAGNESIUM STEARATE METHACRYLIC ACID - ETHYL ACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1) TYPE A POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 8000 POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL, UNSPECIFIED SILICON DIOXIDE STEARIC ACID TALC TITANIUM DIOXIDE TRIACETIN oblong W830

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Lifetime carcinogenicity studies were performed in rats and mice at doses up to 300 and 150 mg/kg/day bupropion hydrochloride, respectively. These doses are approximately 7 and 2 times the MRHD, respectively, on a mg/m 2 basis. In the rat study there was an increase in nodular proliferative lesions of the liver at doses of 100 to 300 mg/kg/day of bupropion hydrochloride (approximately 2 to 7 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis); lower doses were not tested. The question of whether or not such lesions may be precursors of neoplasms of the liver is currently unresolved. Similar liver lesions were not seen in the mouse study, and no increase in malignant tumors of the liver and other organs was seen in either study. Bupropion produced a positive response (2 to 3 times control mutation rate) in 2 of 5 strains in one Ames bacterial mutagenicity assay, but was negative in another. Bupropion produced an increase in chromosomal aberrations in 1 of 3 in vivo rat bone marrow cytogenetic studies. A fertility study in rats at doses up to 300 mg/kg/day revealed no evidence of impaired fertility.

Application Number

NDA022497

Brand Name

BUPROPION HYDROCHLORIDE

Generic Name

bupropion hydrochloride

Product Ndc

64679-830

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

ORAL

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL DRUG: Bupropion Hydrochloride GENERIC: Bupropion Hydrochloride DOSAGE: Film-coated Tablets ADMINSTRATION: Oral NDC: 64679-830-01 STRENGTH: 450 mg COLOR: White SHAPE: oval (beveled edge) SCORE: no score SIZE: 19 mm IMPRINT: W380 QTY: 30 Tablets 30T label

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide). Inform patients, their families, and their caregivers about the benefits and risks associated with treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and counsel them in its appropriate use. A patient Medication Guide about "Antidepressant Medicines, Depression and Other Serious Mental Illnesses, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actions", "Quitting Smoking, Quit-smoking Medications, Changes in Thinking and Behavior, Depression, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actions" and "What Other Important Information Should I Know about bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)" is available for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Instruct patients, their families, and their caregivers to read the Medication Guide and assist them in understanding its contents. Patients should be given the opportunity to discuss the contents of the Medication Guide and to obtain answers to any questions they may have. The complete text of the Medication Guide is reprinted at the end of this document. Advise patients regarding the following issues and to alert their prescriber if these occur while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Instruct patients, their families, and/or their caregivers to be alert to the emergence of anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania, mania, other unusual changes in behavior, worsening of depression, and suicidal ideation, especially early during antidepressant treatment and when the dose is adjusted up or down. Advise families and caregivers of patients to observe for the emergence of such symptoms on a day-to-day basis, since changes may be abrupt. Such symptoms should be reported to the patient's prescriber or health professional, especially if they are severe, abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient's presenting symptoms. Symptoms such as these may be associated with an increased risk for suicidal thinking and behavior and indicate a need for very close monitoring and possibly changes in the medication. Neuropsychiatric Adverse Events and Suicide Risk in Smoking Cessation Treatment Although bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is not indicated for smoking cessation treatment, it contains the same active ingredient as ZYBAN ® which is approved for this use. Inform patients that some patients have experienced changes in mood (including depression and mania), psychosis, hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, homicidal ideation, aggression, hostility, agitation, anxiety, and panic, as well as suicidal ideation and suicide when attempting to quit smoking while taking bupropion. Instruct patients to discontinue bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) and contact a healthcare professional if they experience such symptoms. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and Adverse Reactions (6.2) ]. Severe Allergic Reactions Educate patients on the symptoms of hypersensitivity and to discontinue bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) if they have a severe allergic reaction. Seizure Instruct patients to discontinue and not restart bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) if they experience a seizure while on treatment. Advise patients that the excessive use or the abrupt discontinuation of alcohol, benzodiazepines, antiepileptic drugs, or sedatives/hypnotics can increase the risk of seizure. Advise patients to avoid the use of alcohol. Angle-closure Glaucoma Patients should be advised that taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can cause mild pupillary dilation, which in susceptible individuals, can lead to an episode of angle-closure glaucoma. Pre-existing glaucoma is almost always open-angle glaucoma because angle-closure glaucoma, when diagnosed, can be treated definitively with iridectomy. Open-angle glaucoma is not a risk factor for angle-closure glaucoma. Patients may wish to be examined to determine whether they are susceptible to angle closure, and have a prophylactic procedure (eg, iridectomy), if they are susceptible [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) ] . Bupropion-containing Products Educate patients that bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) contains the same active ingredient (bupropion) found in ZYBAN, which is used as an aid to smoking cessation treatment, and that bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should not be used in combination with ZYBAN or any other medications that contain bupropion hydrochloride (such as WELLBUTRIN XL, the extended-release formulation; WELLBUTRIN SR ® , the sustained-release formulation; WELLBUTRIN ® , the immediate-release formulation; and APLENZIN ® , a bupropion hydrobromide formulation). In addition, there are a number of generic bupropion hydrochloride products for the immediate-, sustained-, and extended-release formulations. Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment Advise patients that any CNS-active drug like bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) may impair their ability to perform tasks requiring judgment or motor and cognitive skills. Advise patients that until they are reasonably certain that bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) do not adversely affect their performance, they should refrain from driving an automobile or operating complex, hazardous machinery. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) treatment may lead to decreased alcohol tolerance. Concomitant Medications Counsel patients to notify their healthcare provider if they are taking or plan to take any prescription or over-the-counter drugs, because bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and other drugs may affect each other's metabolism. Pregnancy Advise patients to notify their healthcare provider if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL). Advise patients that there is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) during pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations(8.1) ] . Administration Information Instruct patients to swallow bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) whole so that the release rate is not altered. Instruct patients that bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should not be chewed, divided, or crushed. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) may be taken with or without food. All other products/brand names are trademarks of their respective owners. Distributed by: Wockhardt USA LLC. 20 Waterview Blvd. Parsippany, NJ 07054 USA. Rev.12/2019

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MEDICATION GUIDE Bupropion Hydrochloride (bue proe' pee on hye'' droe klor' ide) Extended-Release Tablets (XL) IMPORTANT: Be sure to read the three sections of this Medication Guide. The first section is about the risk of suicidal thoughts and actions with antidepressant medicines; the second section is about the risk of changes in thinking and behavior, depression and suicidal thoughts or actions with medicines used to quit smoking; and the third section is entitled “What Other Important Information Should I Know About bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)?” Antidepressant Medicines, Depression and Other Serious Mental Illnesses, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actions This section of the Medication Guide is only about the risk of suicidal thoughts and actions with antidepressant medicines. What is the most important information I should know about antidepressant medicines, depression and other serious mental illnesses, and suicidal thoughts or actions? Antidepressant medicines may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, or young adults within the first few months of treatment. Depression or other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts and actions. Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions. These include people who have (or have a family history of) bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness) or suicidal thoughts or actions. How can I watch for and try to prevent suicidal thoughts and actions in myself or a family member? Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts, or feelings. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed. Call your healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings. Keep all follow-up visits with your healthcare provider as scheduled. Call the healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you have concerns about symptoms. Call your healthcare provider right away if you or your family member has any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you: thoughts about suicide or dying trouble sleeping (insomnia) attempts to commit suicide new or worse irritability new or worse depression acting aggressive, being angry, or violent new or worse anxiety acting on dangerous impulses feeling very agitated or restless an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania) panic attacks other unusual changes in behavior or mood What else do I need to know about antidepressant medicines? Never stop an antidepressant medicine without first talking to a healthcare provider. Stopping an antidepressant medicine suddenly can cause other symptoms. Antidepressants are medicines used to treat depression and other illnesses. It is important to discuss all the risks of treating depression and also the risks of not treating it. Patients and their families or other caregivers should discuss all treatment choices with the healthcare provider, not just the use of antidepressants. Antidepressant medicines have other side effects. Talk to the healthcare provider about the side effects of the medicine prescribed for you or your family member. Antidepressant medicines can interact with other medicines. Know all of the medicines that you or your family member takes. Keep a list of all medicines to show the healthcare provider. Do not start new medicines without first checking with your healthcare provider. It is not known if bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is safe and effective in children under the age of 18. Quitting Smoking, Quit-Smoking Medications, Changes in Thinking and Behavior, Depression, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actions This section of the Medication Guide is only about the risk of changes in thinking and behavior, depression and suicidal thoughts or actions with drugs used to quit smoking. Although bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is not a treatment for quitting smoking, it contains the same active ingredient (bupropion) as ZYBAN ® which is used to help patients quit smoking. Talk to your healthcare provider or your family member's healthcare provider about: all risks and benefits of quit-smoking medicines. all treatment choices for quitting smoking. When you try to quit smoking, with or without bupropion you may have symptoms that may be due to nicotine withdrawal, including: urge to smoke frustration restlessness depressed mood anger decreased heart rate trouble sleeping feeling anxious increased appetite irritability difficulty concentrating weight gain Some people have even experienced suicidal thoughts when trying to quit smoking without medication. Sometimes quitting smoking can lead to worsening of mental health problems that you already have, such as depression. Some people have had serious side effects while taking bupropion help them quit smoking, including: New or worse mental health problems , such as changes in behavior or thinking, aggression, hostility, agitation, depression, or suicidal thoughts or actions. Some people had these symptoms when they began taking bupropion, and others developed them after several weeks of treatment, or after stopping bupropion. These symptoms happened more often in people who had a history of mental health problems before taking bupropion than in people without a history of mental health problems. Stop taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and call your healthcare provider right away if you, your family, or caregiver notice any of these symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to decide whether you should continue to take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). In many people, these symptoms went away after stopping bupropion, but in some people symptoms continued after stopping bupropion. It is important for you to follow-up with your healthcare provider until your symptoms go away. Before taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had depression or other mental health problems. You should also tell your healthcare provider about any symptoms you had during other times you tried to quit smoking, with or without bupropion. What Other Important Information Should I Know About bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Seizures: There is a chance of having a seizure (convulsion, fit) with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), especially in people: o with certain medical problems. o who take certain medicines. The chance of having seizures increases with higher doses of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). For more information, see the sections "Who should not take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)?" and "What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)?" Tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions and all the medicines you take. Do not take any other medicines while you are taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) unless your healthcare provider has said it is okay to take them. If you have a seizure while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), stop taking the tablets and call your healthcare provider right away. Do not take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) again if you have a seizure. High blood pressure (hypertension). Some people get high blood pressure that can be severe, while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). The chance of high blood pressure may be higher if you also use nicotine replacement therapy (such as a nicotine patch) to help you stop smoking (see the section of this Medication Guide called "How should I take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)?"). Manic episodes. Some people may have periods of mania while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), including: o Greatly increased energy o Severe trouble sleeping o Racing thoughts o Reckless behavior o Unusually grand ideas o Excessive happiness or irritability o Talking more or faster than usual If you have any of the above symptoms of mania, call your healthcare provider. Unusual thoughts or behaviors. Some patients have unusual thoughts or behaviors while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), including delusions (believe you are someone else), hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there), paranoia (feeling that people are against you), or feeling confused. If this happens to you, call your healthcare provider. Visual problems. o eye pain o changes in vision o swelling or redness in or around the eye Only some people are at risk for these problems. You may want to undergo an eye examination to see if you are at risk and receive preventative treatment if you are. Severe allergic reactions. Some people can have severe allergic reactions to bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Stop taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and call your healthcare provider right away if you get a rash, itching, hives, fever, swollen lymph glands, painful sores in the mouth or around the eyes, swelling of the lips or tongue, chest pain, or have trouble breathing. These could be signs of a serious allergic reaction. What is bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL)? Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with a certain type of depression called major depressive disorder. Who should not take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Do not take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) if you : have or had a seizure disorder or epilepsy. have or had an eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia. are taking any other medicines that contain bupropion, including WELLBUTRIN, WELLBUTRIN SR ® , WELLBUTRIN XL ® , ZYBAN, or APLENZIN ® . Bupropion is the same active ingredient that is in bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). drink a lot of alcohol and abruptly stop drinking, or take medicines take medicines called sedatives (these make you sleepy), benzodiazepines, or anti-seizure medicines, and you stop taking them all of a sudden. take a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if you take an MAOI, including the antibiotic linezolid. o do not take an MAOI within 2 weeks of stopping bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) unless directed to do so by your healthcare provider. o do not start bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) if you stopped taking an MAOI in the last 2 weeks unless directed to do so by your healthcare provider. are allergic to the active ingredient in bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion, or to any of the inactive ingredients. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had depression, suicidal thoughts or actions, or other mental health problems. You should also tell your healthcare provider about any symptoms you had during other times you tried to quit smoking, with or without bupropion. See "Quitting Smoking, Quit-Smoking Medications, Changes in Thinking and Behavior, Depression, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actions." Tell your healthcare provider about your other medical conditions, including if you: o have liver problems, especially cirrhosis of the liver. o have kidney problems. o have, or have had, an eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia. o have had a head injury. o have had a seizure (convulsion, fit). o have a tumor in your nervous system (brain or spine). o have had a heart attack, heart problems, or high blood pressure. o are a diabetic taking insulin or other medicines to control your blood sugar. o drink alcohol. o abuse prescription medicines or street drugs. o are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Talk to your healthcare provider about the risk to your unborn baby if you take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) during pregnancy. • Tell your healthcare provider if you be come pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL). • If you become pregnant during treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL), talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the National Pregnancy Registry for Antidepressants. You can register by calling 1-844-405-6185. o Are breast feeding or plan to breastfeed during treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL). Bupropion hydrochloride passes into your milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL). Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take , including prescription, over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Many medicines increase your chances of having seizures or other serious side effects if you take them while you are taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). How should I take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) without talking with your healthcare provider first. Swallow bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) whole. Do not chew, cut, or crush bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). If you do, the medicine will be released into your body too quickly. If this happens you may be more likely to get side effects including seizures. Tell your healthcare provider if you cannot swallow tablets. You may take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) with or without food. If you miss a dose, do not take an extra dose to make up for the dose you missed. Wait and take your next dose at the regular time. This is very important. Too much bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can increase your chance of having a seizure. If you take too much bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), or overdose, call your local emergency room or poison control center right away. Do not take any other medicines while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) unless your healthcare provider has told you it is okay. If you are taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) for the treatment of major depressive disorder, it may take several weeks for you to feel that bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is working. Once you feel better, it is important to keep taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) exactly as directed by your healthcare provider. Call your healthcare provider if you do not feel bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is working for you. What should I avoid while taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Avoid using alcohol during treatment with bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). If you usually drink a lot of alcohol, talk with your healthcare provider before suddenly stopping. If you suddenly stop drinking alcohol, you may increase your chance of having seizures. Do not drive a car or use heavy machinery until you know how bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) affects you. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can affect your ability to do these things safely. What are possible side effects of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) can cause serious side effects. See the sections at the beginning of this Medication Guide for information about serious side effects of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). The most common side effects of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) include: trouble sleeping feeling anxious stuffy nose nausea dry mouth constipation dizziness joint aches If you have nausea, take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) with food. If you have trouble sleeping, do not take bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) too close to bedtime. Tell your healthcare provider right away about any side effects that bother you. These are not all the possible side effects of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. How should I store bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL)? Store bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) at room temperature between 68°F and 77°F (20°to 25°C). Keep bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) and all medicines out of the reach of children. General information about the safe and effective use of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. If you take a urine drug screening test, bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) may make the test result positive for amphetamines. If you tell the person giving you the drug screening test that you are taking bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), they can do a more specific drug screening test that should not have this problem. This Medication Guide summarizes important information about bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL). If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) that is written for health professionals. For more information about bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), call 1-800-346-6854. What are the ingredients in Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-release Tablets (XL)? Active ingredient: bupropion hydrochloride Inactive ingredients: carboxymethyl cellulose sodium, colloidal silicon dioxide, hydrochloric acid, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, methacrylic acid copolymer, polyethylene glycol 8000, polyethylene oxide, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and polyvinyl acetate blend, stearic acid, talc, titanium dioxide and triacetin. The tablets are printed with edible black ink. All other product/brand names are trademarks of their respective owners. Distributed by: Wockhardt USA LLC. 20 Waterview Blvd. Parsippany, NJ 07054 USA. This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Rev.12/2019

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  • thoughts about suicide or dying
  • trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • attempts to commit suicide
  • new or worse irritability
  • new or worse depression
  • acting aggressive, being angry, or violent
  • new or worse anxiety
  • acting on dangerous impulses
  • feeling very agitated or restless
  • an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania)
  • panic attacks
  • other unusual changes in behavior or mood
  • Clinical Studies

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES The efficacy of bupropion in the treatment of MDD was established with the immediate-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride in two 4-week, placebo-controlled trials in adult inpatients with MDD and in one 6-week, placebo-controlled trial in adult outpatients with MDD. In the first study, the bupropion dose range was 300 to 600 mg/day administered in 3 divided doses; 78% of patients were treated with doses of 300 to 450 mg/day. The trial demonstrated the efficacy of bupropion as measured by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) total score, the HDRS depressed mood item (item 1), and the Clinical Global Impressions-Severity Scale (CGI-S). The second study included 2 fixed doses of bupropion (300 and 450 mg/day) and placebo. This trial demonstrated the efficacy of bupropion for only the 450-mg dose. The efficacy results were significant for the HDRS total score and the CGI-S score, but not for HDRS item 1. In the third study, outpatients were treated with bupropion at 300 mg/day. This study demonstrated the efficacy of bupropion as measured by the HDRS total score, the HDRS item 1, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the CGI-S score, and the CGI-Improvement Scale (CGI-I) score. A longer-term, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal trial demonstrated the efficacy of bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release in the maintenance treatment of MDD. The trial included adult outpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for MDD, recurrent type, who had responded during an 8-week open-label trial of bupropion 300 mg/day. Responders were randomized to continuation of bupropion at 300 mg/day or placebo, for up to 44 weeks of observation for relapse. Response during the open-label phase was defined as a CGI-I score of 1 (very much improved) or 2 (much improved) for each of the final 3 weeks. Relapse during the double-blind phase was defined as the investigator's judgment that drug treatment was needed for worsening depressive symptoms. Patients in the bupropion group experienced significantly lower relapse rates over the subsequent 44 weeks compared to those in the placebo group. Although there are no independent trials demonstrating the efficacy of bupropion extended-release in the acute treatment of MDD, studies have demonstrated similar bioavailability between the immediate-, sustained-, and extended-release formulations of bupropion hydrochloride under steady-state conditions (ie, the exposures [C max and AUC] for bupropion and its metabolites are similar among the 3 formulations). Further, it has been demonstrated that bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is bioequivalent to WELLBUTRIN XL ® .

    Geriatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use Of the approximately 6000 patients who participated in clinical trials with bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release tablets (depression and smoking cessation studies), 275 were ≥ 65 years of age and 47 were ≥ 75 years of age. In addition, several hundred patients ≥ 65 years of age participated in clinical trials using the immediate-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride (depression studies). No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. Reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Bupropion is extensively metabolized in the liver to active metabolites, which are further metabolized and excreted by the kidneys. The risk of adverse reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, it may be necessary to consider this factor in dose selection; it may be useful to monitor renal function [see Dosage and Administration (2.6) , Use in Specific Populations (8.6) , and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] .

    Pediatric Use

    8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in the pediatric population have not been established. When considering the use of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) in a child or adolescent, balance the potential risks with the clinical need [see Boxed Warning , and Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] .

    Pregnancy

    8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to antidepressants during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the National Pregnancy Registry for Antidepressants at1-844-405-6185 or visiting online at https://womens mental health.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancy registry/antidepressants/. Risk Summary Data from epidemiological studies including pregnant women exposed to bupropion in the first trimester indicate no increased risk of congenital malformations. All pregnancies regardless of drug exposure have a background rate of 2% to 4% for major malformations and 15% to 20% for pregnancy loss. No clear evidence of teratogenic activity was found in reproductive developmental studies conducted in rats and rabbits. However, in rabbits, slightly increased incidences of fetal malformations and skeletal variations were observed at doses approximately equal to the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) and greater and decreased fetal weights were seen at doses twice the MRHD and greater. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Clinical Considerations Disease-associated maternal and/or embryo/fetal risk A prospective, longitudinal study followed 201 pregnant women with a history of major depressive disorder who were euthymic and taking antidepressants during pregnancy at the beginning of pregnancy. The women who discontinued antidepressants during pregnancy were more likely to experience a relapse of major depression than women who continued antidepressants. Consider the risks to the mother of untreated depression and potential effects on the fetus when discontinuing or changing treatment with antidepressant medications during pregnancy and postpartum. Data Human Data Data from the international bupropion Pregnancy Registry (675 first-trimester exposures) and a retrospective cohort study using the United Healthcare database (1,213 first-trimester exposures) did not show an increased risk for malformations overall. The Registry was not designed or powered to evaluate specific defects but suggested a possible increase in cardiac malformations. No increased risk for cardiovascular malformations overall has been observed after bupropion exposure during the first trimester. The prospectively observed rate of cardiovascular malformations in pregnancies with exposure to bupropion in the first trimester from the international Pregnancy Registry was 1.3% (9 cardiovascular malformations/675 first-trimester maternal bupropion exposures), which is similar to the background rate of cardiovascular malformations (approximately 1%). Data from the United Healthcare database ,which has a limited number of exposed cases with cardiovascular malformations, and a case-control study (6,853 infants with cardiovascular malformations and 5,753 with non-cardiovascular malformations) from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) did not show an increased risk for cardiovascular malformations overall after bupropion exposure during the first trimester. Study findings on bupropion exposure during the first trimester and risk for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) are inconsistent and do not allow conclusions regarding possible association. The United Healthcare database lacked sufficient power to evaluate this association; the NBDPS found increased risk for LVOTO (N = 10; adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.6; 95% CI: 1.2, 5.7) and the Slone Epidemiology case-control study did not find increased risk for LVOTO. Study findings on bupropion exposure during the first trimester and risk for ventricular septal defect (VSD) are inconsistent and do not allow conclusions regarding a possible association. The Slone Epidemiology study found an increased risk for VSD following first-trimester maternal bupropion exposure (N = 17; adjusted OR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3, 5.0) but did not find an increased risk for any other cardiovascular malformations studied (including LVOTO, as above). The NBDPS and United Healthcare database study did not find an association between first-trimester maternal bupropion exposure and VSD. For the findings of LVOTO and VSD, the studies were limited by the small number of exposed cases, inconsistent findings among studies, and the potential for chance findings from multiple comparisons in case-control studies. Animal Data In studies conducted in pregnant rats and rabbits bupropion was administered orally during the period of organogenesis at doses of upto 450 and 150 mg/kg/day, respectively (approximately 10 and 6 times the MRHD, respectively, on a mg/m basis).There was no evidence of fetal malformations in 2 rats. When given to pregnant rabbits, during organogenesis, non-dose-related increases inincidence of fetal malformations and skeletal variations were observed at the lowest dose tested (25mg/kg/day, approximately equal to the MRHD on a mg/m basis)and greater. Decreased fetal weights 2 were observed at doses of 50mg/kg/day (approximately 2 times the MRHD on a mg/m basis) and greater. No maternal toxicity was evident at doses of 50mg/kg/day or less. In a pre- and postnatal development study, bupropion administered orally to pregnant rats at doses of up to 150 mg/kg/day (approximately 3 times the MRHD on a mg/m basis) from embryonic implantation through lactation had no effect on pup growth or development.

    Use In Specific Populations

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Renal Impairment : Because there is no lower dose strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are not recommended in patients with renal impairment ( 8.6 ). Hepatic Impairment : Because there is no lower dose strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) are not recommended in patients with hepatic impairment ( 8.7 ). 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to antidepressants during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the National Pregnancy Registry for Antidepressants at1-844-405-6185 or visiting online at https://womens mental health.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancy registry/antidepressants/. Risk Summary Data from epidemiological studies including pregnant women exposed to bupropion in the first trimester indicate no increased risk of congenital malformations. All pregnancies regardless of drug exposure have a background rate of 2% to 4% for major malformations and 15% to 20% for pregnancy loss. No clear evidence of teratogenic activity was found in reproductive developmental studies conducted in rats and rabbits. However, in rabbits, slightly increased incidences of fetal malformations and skeletal variations were observed at doses approximately equal to the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) and greater and decreased fetal weights were seen at doses twice the MRHD and greater. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Clinical Considerations Disease-associated maternal and/or embryo/fetal risk A prospective, longitudinal study followed 201 pregnant women with a history of major depressive disorder who were euthymic and taking antidepressants during pregnancy at the beginning of pregnancy. The women who discontinued antidepressants during pregnancy were more likely to experience a relapse of major depression than women who continued antidepressants. Consider the risks to the mother of untreated depression and potential effects on the fetus when discontinuing or changing treatment with antidepressant medications during pregnancy and postpartum. Data Human Data Data from the international bupropion Pregnancy Registry (675 first-trimester exposures) and a retrospective cohort study using the United Healthcare database (1,213 first-trimester exposures) did not show an increased risk for malformations overall. The Registry was not designed or powered to evaluate specific defects but suggested a possible increase in cardiac malformations. No increased risk for cardiovascular malformations overall has been observed after bupropion exposure during the first trimester. The prospectively observed rate of cardiovascular malformations in pregnancies with exposure to bupropion in the first trimester from the international Pregnancy Registry was 1.3% (9 cardiovascular malformations/675 first-trimester maternal bupropion exposures), which is similar to the background rate of cardiovascular malformations (approximately 1%). Data from the United Healthcare database ,which has a limited number of exposed cases with cardiovascular malformations, and a case-control study (6,853 infants with cardiovascular malformations and 5,753 with non-cardiovascular malformations) from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) did not show an increased risk for cardiovascular malformations overall after bupropion exposure during the first trimester. Study findings on bupropion exposure during the first trimester and risk for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) are inconsistent and do not allow conclusions regarding possible association. The United Healthcare database lacked sufficient power to evaluate this association; the NBDPS found increased risk for LVOTO (N = 10; adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.6; 95% CI: 1.2, 5.7) and the Slone Epidemiology case-control study did not find increased risk for LVOTO. Study findings on bupropion exposure during the first trimester and risk for ventricular septal defect (VSD) are inconsistent and do not allow conclusions regarding a possible association. The Slone Epidemiology study found an increased risk for VSD following first-trimester maternal bupropion exposure (N = 17; adjusted OR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3, 5.0) but did not find an increased risk for any other cardiovascular malformations studied (including LVOTO, as above). The NBDPS and United Healthcare database study did not find an association between first-trimester maternal bupropion exposure and VSD. For the findings of LVOTO and VSD, the studies were limited by the small number of exposed cases, inconsistent findings among studies, and the potential for chance findings from multiple comparisons in case-control studies. Animal Data In studies conducted in pregnant rats and rabbits bupropion was administered orally during the period of organogenesis at doses of upto 450 and 150 mg/kg/day, respectively (approximately 10 and 6 times the MRHD, respectively, on a mg/m basis).There was no evidence of fetal malformations in 2 rats. When given to pregnant rabbits, during organogenesis, non-dose-related increases inincidence of fetal malformations and skeletal variations were observed at the lowest dose tested (25mg/kg/day, approximately equal to the MRHD on a mg/m basis)and greater. Decreased fetal weights 2 were observed at doses of 50mg/kg/day (approximately 2 times the MRHD on a mg/m basis) and greater. No maternal toxicity was evident at doses of 50mg/kg/day or less. In a pre- and postnatal development study, bupropion administered orally to pregnant rats at doses of up to 150 mg/kg/day (approximately 3 times the MRHD on a mg/m basis) from embryonic implantation through lactation had no effect on pup growth or development. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary Data from published literature report the presence of bupropion and its metabolites in human milk (see Data) . There are no data on the effects of bupropion or its metabolites on milk production. Limited data from postmarketing reports have not identified a clear association of adverse reactions in the breastfed infant. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) or from the underlying maternal condition. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in the pediatric population have not been established. When considering the use of bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) in a child or adolescent, balance the potential risks with the clinical need [see Boxed Warning , and Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] . 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the approximately 6000 patients who participated in clinical trials with bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release tablets (depression and smoking cessation studies), 275 were ≥ 65 years of age and 47 were ≥ 75 years of age. In addition, several hundred patients ≥ 65 years of age participated in clinical trials using the immediate-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride (depression studies). No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. Reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Bupropion is extensively metabolized in the liver to active metabolites, which are further metabolized and excreted by the kidneys. The risk of adverse reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, it may be necessary to consider this factor in dose selection; it may be useful to monitor renal function [see Dosage and Administration (2.6) , Use in Specific Populations (8.6) , and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . 8.6 Renal Impairment Because there is no lower strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) is not recommended in patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] . 8.7 Hepatic Impairment Because there is no lower strength for bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL), bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets (XL) is not recommended in patients with hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ] .

    How Supplied

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-release Tablets (XL), 450 mg are white to off white, oblong shaped tablets are imprinted with 'W830' on one side and blank on the other side supplied in bottles of 30 (NDC 64679-830-01) Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

    Boxed Warning

    WARNING: SUICIDAL THOUGHTS AND BEHAVIORS SUICIDALITY AND ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults in short-term trials. These trials did not show an increase in the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior with antidepressant use in subjects over age 24; there was a reduction in risk with antidepressant use in subjects aged 65 and older [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ]. In patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy, monitor closely for worsening and for emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Advise families and caregivers of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. Bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablet (XL) is not approved for use in pediatric patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ]. WARNING: SUICIDAL THOUGHTS AND BEHAVIORS See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults taking antidepressants ( 5.1 ). Monitor for worsening and emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors ( 5.1 ).

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