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Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium

Read time: 2 mins
Marketing start date: 24 Jul 2024

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling [see Warnings and Precautions (5)] : • Anaphylactic reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] • Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions (SCAR) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] • Hepatic Dysfunction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] • Clostridioides difficile- Associated Diarrhea (CDAD) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] The most frequently reported adverse reactions were diaper rash (4%), diarrhea (3%), vomiting (2%), candidiasis (1%), and rash (1%). ( 6.1 ) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Sandoz Inc. at 1-800-525-8747 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trial Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Two clinical trials evaluated the safety of a 10-day treatment course of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension 90/6.4 mg/kg/day, divided every 12 hours, in pediatric patients with acute otitis media [see Clinical Studies ( 14 )]. The first trial involved 521 pediatric patients (3 months to 50 months) and the second trial involved 450 pediatric patients (3 months to 12 years). In the intent-to-treat population of the first trial of 521 patients, the most frequently reported adverse events were vomiting (7%), fever (6%), contact dermatitis (i.e., diaper rash) (6%), upper respiratory tract infection (4%), and diarrhea (4%). Protocol-defined diarrhea (i.e., 3 or more watery stools in one day or 2 watery stools per day for 2 consecutive days as recorded on diary cards) occurred in 13% of patients. The primary objective of the second study was to compare the safety of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension (90/6.4 mg/kg/day, divided every 12 hours) to amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (45/6.4 mg/kg/day, divided every 12 hours) for ten days. There was no statistically significant difference between treatments in the proportion of patients with 1 or more adverse events. The most frequently reported adverse reactions for amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension and the comparator of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium were coughing (12% versus 7%), vomiting (7% versus 8%), contact dermatitis (i.e., diaper rash, 6% versus 5%), fever (6% versus 4%), and upper respiratory infection (3% versus 9%), respectively. The frequencies of protocol-defined diarrhea with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension (11%) and amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (9%) were not statistically different. Two patients in the group treated with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension and one patient in the group treated with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium were withdrawn due to diarrhea. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience In addition to adverse reactions reported from clinical trials, the following have been identified during postmarketing use of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium products, including amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension. Because they are reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, estimates of frequency cannot be made. These events have been chosen for inclusion due to a combination of their seriousness, frequency of reporting, or potential causal connection to amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. Gastrointestinal Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, gastritis, stomatitis, glossitis, black “hairy” tongue, mucocutaneous candidiasis, enterocolitis, and hemorrhagic/pseudomembranous colitis. Onset of pseudomembranous colitis symptoms may occur during or after antibacterial treatment [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5 )] . Immune Hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions (including shock), angioedema, serum sickness-like reactions (urticaria or skin rash accompanied by arthritis, arthralgia, myalgia, and frequently fever), hypersensitivity vasculitis [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )]. Skin and Appendages Rashes, pruritus, urticaria, erythema multiforme, SJS, TEN, DRESS, AGEP, exfoliative dermatitis [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )]. Liver A moderate rise in AST (SGOT) and/or ALT (SGPT) has been noted in patients treated with ampicillin-class antibacterials. Hepatic dysfunction, including increases in serum transaminases (AST and/or ALT), serum bilirubin, and/or alkaline phosphatase, has been infrequently reported with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium or amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension. It has been reported more commonly in the elderly, in males, or in patients on prolonged treatment. The histologic findings on liver biopsy have consisted of cholestatic, hepatocellular, or mixed cholestatic-hepatocellular changes. The onset of signs/symptoms of hepatic dysfunction may occur during or several weeks after therapy has been discontinued. The hepatic dysfunction, which may be severe, is usually reversible. Deaths have been reported [see Contraindications ( 4.2 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )]. Renal Interstitial nephritis and hematuria have been reported. Crystalluria has also been reported [see Overdosage ( 10 )]. Hemic and Lymphatic Systems Anemia, including hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytopenic purpura, eosinophilia, leukopenia, and agranulocytosis have been reported during therapy with penicillins. These reactions are usually reversible on discontinuation of therapy and are believed to be hypersensitivity phenomena. There have been reports of increased prothrombin time in patients receiving amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium and anticoagulant therapy concomitantly. Central Nervous System Agitation, anxiety, behavioral changes, aseptic meningitis, confusion, convulsions, dizziness, insomnia, and reversible hyperactivity have been reported rarely. Miscellaneous Tooth discoloration (brown, yellow, or gray staining) has been rarely reported. Most reports occurred in pediatric patients. Discoloration was reduced or eliminated with brushing or dental cleaning in most cases.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS • History of a serious hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis or Stevens-Johnson syndrome) to amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension or any other beta-lactams (e.g., penicillins or cephalosporins). ( 4.1 ) • History of cholestatic jaundice/hepatic dysfunction associated with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension. ( 4.2 ) 4.1 Serious Hypersensitivity Reactions Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is contraindicated in patients with a history of serious hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis or Stevens-Johnson syndrome) to amoxicillin, clavulanate, or to other beta-lactam antibacterial drugs (e.g., penicillins and cephalosporins). 4.2 Cholestatic Jaundice/Hepatic Dysfunction Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is contraindicated in patients with a previous history of cholestatic jaundice/hepatic dysfunction associated with treatment with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium.

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, USP is an oral antibacterial combination consisting of the semisynthetic antibacterial amoxicillin and the ß-lactamase inhibitor, clavulanate potassium (the potassium salt of clavulanic acid). Amoxicillin is an analog of ampicillin, derived from the basic penicillin nucleus, 6-aminopenicillanic acid. The amoxicillin molecular formula is C 16 H 19 N 3 O 5 S•3H 2 O, and the molecular weight is 419.46. Chemically, amoxicillin is (2 S ,5 R ,6 R )-6-[( R )-(-)-2-Amino-2-( p -hydroxyphenyl)acetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo [3.2.0] heptane-2-carboxylic acid trihydrate and may be represented structurally as: Clavulanic acid is produced by the fermentation of Streptomyces clavuligerus. It is a ß-lactam structurally related to the penicillins and possesses the ability to inactivate a wide variety of ß-lactamases by blocking the active sites of these enzymes. Clavulanic acid is particularly active against the clinically important plasmid-mediated ß-lactamases frequently responsible for transferred drug resistance to penicillins and cephalosporins. The clavulanate potassium molecular formula is C 8 H 8 KNO 5 and the molecular weight is 237.25. Chemically, clavulanate potassium is potassium ( Z )-(2 R ,5 R )-3-(2-hydroxyethylidene)-7-oxo-4-oxa-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]-heptane-2-carboxylate and may be represented structurally as: Inactive Ingredients Caramel flavor, carboxymethyl cellulose sodium, citric acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, orange flavor, raspberry flavor, saccharin sodium, silicon dioxide, sodium citrate, and xanthan gum. Each 5 mL of reconstituted amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension 600 mg/42.9 mg per 5 mL contains 600 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate and 42.9 mg clavulanic acid as the potassium salt (clavulanate potassium). The potassium content per 5 mL is 0.23 mEq (equivalent to 9 mg). Color and appearance of the dry powder White to yellowish white crystalline powder. Color and appearance of the suspension Almost white to yellow, homogeneous suspension. amoxicillin structure clavulanate potassium structure

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION • Pediatric Patients less than 40 kg: 90 mg/kg/day divided every 12 hours, administered for 10 days. ( 2 ) 2.1 Important Administration Instructions To minimize the potential for gastrointestinal intolerance, amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension should be taken at the start of a meal. Absorption of clavulanate potassium may be enhanced when amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is administered at the start of a meal. 2.2 Dosage in Pediatric Patients Pediatric Patients 3 Months and Older Based on the amoxicillin component (600 mg/5 mL), the recommended dose of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is 90 mg/kg/day divided every 12 hours, administered for 10 days (see chart below). This dose provides 6.4 mg/kg/day of the clavulanic acid component. Body Weight (kg) Volume of Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension Providing 90 mg/kg/day 8 3 mL twice daily 12 4.5 mL twice daily 16 6 mL twice daily 20 7.5 mL twice daily 24 9 mL twice daily 28 10.5 mL twice daily 32 12 mL twice daily 36 13.5 mL twice daily Pediatric Patients Weighing 40 kg and More Experience with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in this group is not available. 2.3 Dosage in Adult Patients Experience with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in adults is not available and adults who have difficulty swallowing should not be given amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in place of the 500 mg or 875 mg tablet of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. 2.4 Dosage in Patients with Hepatic Impairment Hepatically impaired patients should be dosed with caution and hepatic function monitored at regular intervals [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5 )]. 2.5 Preparation of the Oral Suspension Directions for Mixing Oral Suspension Prepare a suspension at time of dispensing as follows: Tap bottle until all powder flows freely. Measure the total amount of water (see chart below) to be added in two parts. Add approximately 2/3 of the total amount of water for reconstitution, replace cap and shake vigorously to suspend powder. Add remainder of the water (that had been measured), replace cap and again shake vigorously. Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension Bottle Size Amount of Water Required for Reconstitution 75 mL 62 mL 125 mL 103 mL 200 mL 165 mL Each teaspoonful (5 mL) will contain 600 mg of amoxicillin as the trihydrate and 42.9 mg of clavulanic acid as the potassium salt. Shake oral suspension well before each use. Suspension must be refrigerated. Discard after 10 days. Suspension is white to yellow at time of reconstitution; some color change is normal during the dosing period. 2.6 Switching between Dosage Forms and between Strengths Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension does not contain the same amount of clavulanic acid (as the potassium salt) as any of the other suspensions of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension contains 42.9 mg of clavulanic acid per 5 mL, whereas the 200 mg/28.5 mg per 5 mL suspension of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium contains 28.5 mg clavulanic acid per 5 mL and the 400 mg/57 mg per 5 mL suspension of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium contains 57 mg clavulanic acid per 5 mL. Therefore, the 200 mg/28.5 mg per 5 mL and 400 mg/57 mg per 5 mL suspensions of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium should not be substituted for amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension as they are not interchangeable.

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is indicated for the treatment of pediatric patients with • Recurrent or persistent acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae (penicillin MICs less than or equal to 2 mcg/mL), H. influenzae (including ß-lactamase-producing strains), or M. catarrhalis (including ß-lactamase-producing strains) characterized by the following risk factors: - Antibacterial drug exposure for acute otitis media within the preceding 3 months, and either of the following: 1) age 2 years, or younger or 2) day care attendance [see Microbiology ( 12.4 )]. Limitations of Use Acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae alone can be treated with amoxicillin. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is not indicated for the treatment of acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC greater than or equal to 4 mcg /mL. Therapy may be instituted prior to obtaining the results from bacteriological studies when there is reason to believe the infection may involve both S. pneumoniae (penicillin MIC less than or equal to 2 mcg/mL) and the ß-lactamase-producing organisms listed above. Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension and other antibacterial drugs, amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is a combination of amoxicillin, a penicillin-class antibacterial and clavulanate potassium, a beta-lactamase inhibitor, indicated for the treatment of pediatric patients with • Recurrent or persistent acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae (penicillin MICs less than or equal to 2 mcg/mL), H. influenzae (including ß-lactamase–producing strains), or M. catarrhalis (including ß -lactamase-producing strains) characterized by the following risk factors ( 1 ): - Antibacterial exposure for acute otitis media within the preceding 3 months, and either of the following: 1) age 2 years, or younger or 2) daycare attendance. Limitations of Use Acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae alone can be treated with amoxicillin. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is not indicated for the treatment of acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC greater than or equal to 4 mcg/mL. Therapy may be instituted prior to obtaining the results from bacteriological studies when there is reason to believe the infection may involve both S. pneumoniae (penicillin MIC less than or equal to 2 mcg/mL) and the β-lactamase-producing organisms listed above. (1) Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension and other antibacterial drugs, Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. (1)

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE Following overdosage, patients have experienced primarily gastrointestinal symptoms including stomach and abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Rash, hyperactivity, or drowsiness have also been observed in a small number of patients. In case of overdosage, discontinue amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, treat symptomatically, and institute supportive measures as required. If the overdosage is very recent and there is no contraindication, an attempt at emesis or other means of removal of drug from the stomach may be performed. A prospective study of 51 pediatric patients at a poison control center suggested that overdosages of less than 250 mg/kg of amoxicillin are not associated with significant clinical symptoms and do not require gastric emptying. 1 Interstitial nephritis resulting in oliguric renal failure has been reported in a small number of patients after overdosage with amoxicillin. Crystalluria, in some cases leading to renal failure, has also been reported after amoxicillin overdosage in adult and pediatric patients. In case of overdosage, adequate fluid intake and diuresis should be maintained to reduce the risk of amoxicillin crystalluria. Renal impairment appears to be reversible with cessation of drug administration. High blood levels may occur more readily in patients with impaired renal function because of decreased renal clearance of both amoxicillin and clavulanate. Both amoxicillin and clavulanate are removed from the circulation by hemodialysis [see Dosage and Administration ( 2 )] .

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS • Co-administration with probenecid is not recommended. ( 7.1 ) • Concomitant use of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension with oral anticoagulants may increase the prolongation of prothrombin time. ( 7.2 ) • Co-administration with allopurinol increases the risk of rash. ( 7.3 ) • Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension may reduce efficacy of oral contraceptives. ( 7.4 ) 7.1 Probenecid Probenecid decreases the renal tubular secretion of amoxicillin. Concurrent use with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension may result in increased and prolonged blood levels of amoxicillin. Co-administration of probenecid is not recommended. 7.2 Oral Anticoagulants Abnormal prolongation of prothrombin time (increased international normalized ratio [INR]) has been reported in patients receiving amoxicillin and oral anticoagulants. Appropriate monitoring should be undertaken when anticoagulants are prescribed concurrently. Adjustments in the dose of oral anticoagulants may be necessary to maintain the desired level of anticoagulation. 7.3 Allopurinol The concurrent administration of allopurinol and amoxicillin increases substantially the incidence of rashes in patients receiving both drugs as compared to patients receiving amoxicillin alone. It is not known whether this potentiation of amoxicillin rashes is due to allopurinol or the hyperuricemia present in these patients. There are no data with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension and allopurinol administered concurrently. 7.4 Oral Contraceptives Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension may affect intestinal flora, leading to lower estrogen reabsorption and reduced efficacy of combined oral estrogen/progesterone contraceptives. 7.5 Effects on Laboratory Tests High urine concentrations of amoxicillin may result in false-positive reactions when testing for the presence of glucose in urine using CLINITEST ® , Benedict’s Solution, or Fehling’s Solution. Since this effect may also occur with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, it is recommended that glucose tests based on enzymatic glucose oxidase reactions be used. Following administration of amoxicillin to pregnant women, a transient decrease in plasma concentration of total conjugated estriol, estriol-glucuronide, conjugated estrone, and estradiol has been noted.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is an antibacterial drug [see Microbiology ( 12.4 )]. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics The pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin and clavulanate were determined in a study of 19 pediatric patients, 8 months to 11 years, given amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension at an amoxicillin dose of 45 mg/kg q12h with a snack or meal. The mean plasma amoxicillin and clavulanate pharmacokinetic parameter values are listed in the following table . Table 1. Mean (±SD) Plasma Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Pharmacokinetic Parameter Values Following Administration of 45 mg/kg of Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension Every 12 Hours to Pediatric Patients Parameter Amoxicillin Clavulanate C max (mcg/mL) 15.7 ± 7.7 1.7 ± 0.9 T max (hr) 2.0 (1 to 4) 1.1 (1 to 4) AUC 0-T (mcg*hr/mL) 59.8 ± 20 4 ± 1.9 T ½ (hr) 1.4 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 CL/F (L/hr/kg) 0.9 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 1.1 * Arithmetic mean ± standard deviation, except T max values which are medians (ranges). The effect of food on the oral absorption of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension has not been studied. Approximately 50% to 70% of the amoxicillin and approximately 25% to 40% of the clavulanic acid are excreted unchanged in urine during the first 6 hours after administration of 10 mL of 250 mg/5 mL suspension of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. Concurrent administration of probenecid delays amoxicillin excretion but does not delay renal excretion of clavulanic acid. Neither component in amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is highly protein-bound; clavulanic acid has been found to be approximately 25% bound to human serum and amoxicillin approximately 18% bound. Oral administration of a single dose of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension at 45 mg/kg (based on the amoxicillin component) to pediatric patients, 9 months to 8 years, yielded the following pharmacokinetic data for amoxicillin in plasma and middle ear fluid (MEF): Table 2. Amoxicillin Concentrations in Plasma and Middle Ear Fluid Following Administration of 45 mg/kg of Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension to Pediatric Patients Timepoint Amoxicillin concentration in plasma (mcg/mL) Amoxicillin concentration in MEF (mcg/mL) 1 hour mean median range 7.7 9.3 1.5 to 14 (n equals 5) 3.2 3.5 0.2 to 5.5 (n equals 4) 2 hour mean median range 15.7 13 11 to 25 (n equals 7) 3.3 2.4 1.9 to 6 (n equals 5) 3 hour mean median range 13 12 5.5 to 21 (n equals 5) 5.8 6.5 3.9 to 7.4 (n equals 5) Dose administered immediately prior to eating. Amoxicillin diffuses readily into most body tissues and fluids, with the exception of the brain and spinal fluid. The results of experiments involving the administration of clavulanic acid to animals suggest that this compound, like amoxicillin, is well distributed in body tissues. 12.4 Microbiology Amoxicillin is a semisynthetic antibacterial with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Amoxicillin is, however, susceptible to degradation by β-lactamases, and therefore, its spectrum of activity does not include organisms which produce these enzymes. Clavulanic acid is a β-lactam, structurally related to penicillin, which possesses the ability to inactivate a wide range of β-lactamase enzymes commonly found in microorganisms resistant to penicillins and cephalosporins. In particular, it has good activity against the clinically important plasmid-mediated β-lactamases frequently found responsible for transferred drug resistance. The clavulanic acid component of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension protects amoxicillin from degradation by β-lactamase enzymes and effectively extends the antibacterial spectrum of amoxicillin to include many bacteria normally resistant to amoxicillin and other β-lactam antibacterials. Thus, amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension possesses the distinctive properties of a broad spectrum antibacterial and a β-lactamase inhibitor. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms, both in vitro and in clinical infections [see Indications and Usage ( 1 )] . Gram-Positive bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (including isolates with penicillin MICs less than or equal to 2 mcg/mL) Gram-Negative bacteria Haemophilus influenzae (including ß-lactamase-producing isolates) Moraxella catarrhalis (including ß-lactamase-producing isolates) The following in vitro data are available, but their clinical significance is unknown. At least 90% of the following microorganisms exhibit in vitro minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. However, the safety and efficacy of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in treating infections due to these microorganisms have not been established in adequate and well-controlled trials. Gram-Positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (including ß-lactamase-producing isolates) Staphylococci which are resistant to methicillin/oxacillin must be considered resistant to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Streptococcus pyogenes S. pyogenes do not produce β-lactamase, and therefore, are susceptible to amoxicillin alone. Adequate and well-controlled clinical trials have established the effectiveness of amoxicillin alone in treating certain clinical infections due to S. pyogenes. Susceptibility Test Methods For specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria and associated test methods and quality control standards recognized by FDA for this drug, please see: https://www.fda.gov/STIC .

Clinical Pharmacology Table

Parameter

Amoxicillin

Clavulanate

Cmax (mcg/mL)

15.7 ± 7.7

1.7 ± 0.9

Tmax (hr)

2.0 (1 to 4)

1.1 (1 to 4)

AUC0-T (mcg*hr/mL)

59.8 ± 20

4 ± 1.9

T½ (hr)

1.4 ± 0.3

1.1 ± 0.3

CL/F (L/hr/kg)

0.9 ± 0.4

1.1 ± 1.1

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is an antibacterial drug [see Microbiology ( 12.4 )].

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics The pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin and clavulanate were determined in a study of 19 pediatric patients, 8 months to 11 years, given amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension at an amoxicillin dose of 45 mg/kg q12h with a snack or meal. The mean plasma amoxicillin and clavulanate pharmacokinetic parameter values are listed in the following table . Table 1. Mean (±SD) Plasma Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Pharmacokinetic Parameter Values Following Administration of 45 mg/kg of Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension Every 12 Hours to Pediatric Patients Parameter Amoxicillin Clavulanate C max (mcg/mL) 15.7 ± 7.7 1.7 ± 0.9 T max (hr) 2.0 (1 to 4) 1.1 (1 to 4) AUC 0-T (mcg*hr/mL) 59.8 ± 20 4 ± 1.9 T ½ (hr) 1.4 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 CL/F (L/hr/kg) 0.9 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 1.1 * Arithmetic mean ± standard deviation, except T max values which are medians (ranges). The effect of food on the oral absorption of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension has not been studied. Approximately 50% to 70% of the amoxicillin and approximately 25% to 40% of the clavulanic acid are excreted unchanged in urine during the first 6 hours after administration of 10 mL of 250 mg/5 mL suspension of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. Concurrent administration of probenecid delays amoxicillin excretion but does not delay renal excretion of clavulanic acid. Neither component in amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is highly protein-bound; clavulanic acid has been found to be approximately 25% bound to human serum and amoxicillin approximately 18% bound. Oral administration of a single dose of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension at 45 mg/kg (based on the amoxicillin component) to pediatric patients, 9 months to 8 years, yielded the following pharmacokinetic data for amoxicillin in plasma and middle ear fluid (MEF): Table 2. Amoxicillin Concentrations in Plasma and Middle Ear Fluid Following Administration of 45 mg/kg of Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension to Pediatric Patients Timepoint Amoxicillin concentration in plasma (mcg/mL) Amoxicillin concentration in MEF (mcg/mL) 1 hour mean median range 7.7 9.3 1.5 to 14 (n equals 5) 3.2 3.5 0.2 to 5.5 (n equals 4) 2 hour mean median range 15.7 13 11 to 25 (n equals 7) 3.3 2.4 1.9 to 6 (n equals 5) 3 hour mean median range 13 12 5.5 to 21 (n equals 5) 5.8 6.5 3.9 to 7.4 (n equals 5) Dose administered immediately prior to eating. Amoxicillin diffuses readily into most body tissues and fluids, with the exception of the brain and spinal fluid. The results of experiments involving the administration of clavulanic acid to animals suggest that this compound, like amoxicillin, is well distributed in body tissues.

Pharmacokinetics Table

Parameter

Amoxicillin

Clavulanate

Cmax (mcg/mL)

15.7 ± 7.7

1.7 ± 0.9

Tmax (hr)

2.0 (1 to 4)

1.1 (1 to 4)

AUC0-T (mcg*hr/mL)

59.8 ± 20

4 ± 1.9

T½ (hr)

1.4 ± 0.3

1.1 ± 0.3

CL/F (L/hr/kg)

0.9 ± 0.4

1.1 ± 1.1

Effective Time

20220715

Version

11

Dosage And Administration Table

Body Weight (kg)

Volume of Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension Providing 90 mg/kg/day

8

3 mL twice daily

12

4.5 mL twice daily

16

6 mL twice daily

20

7.5 mL twice daily

24

9 mL twice daily

28

10.5 mL twice daily

32

12 mL twice daily

36

13.5 mL twice daily

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium for Oral Suspension, USP 600 mg/42.9 mg per 5 mL Caramel-orange-raspberry-flavored powder for oral suspension (each 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 600 mg amoxicillin and 42.9 mg of clavulanic acid as the potassium salt). For oral suspension: 600 mg/42.9 mg per 5 mL. ( 3 )

Spl Product Data Elements

Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium AMOXICILLIN AMOXICILLIN ANHYDROUS CLAVULANATE POTASSIUM CLAVULANIC ACID CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM, UNSPECIFIED CITRIC ACID MONOHYDRATE SILICON DIOXIDE MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE SACCHARIN SODIUM SODIUM CITRATE, UNSPECIFIED FORM XANTHAN GUM CARAMEL ORANGE RASPBERRY

Carcinogenesis And Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (4:1 ratio formulation of amoxicillin:clavulanate) was non-mutagenic in the Ames bacterial mutation assay, and the yeast gene conversion assay. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was weakly positive in the mouse lymphoma assay, but the trend toward increased mutation frequencies in this assay occurred at concentrations that were also associated with decreased cell survival. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was negative in the mouse micronucleus test, and in the dominant lethal assay in mice. Potassium clavulanate alone was tested in the Ames bacterial mutation assay and in the mouse micronucleus test and was negative in each of these assays. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (2:1 ratio formulation of amoxicillin:clavulanate) at oral doses of up to 1,200 mg/kg/day was found to have no effect on fertility and reproductive performance in rats. Based on body surface area (assuming a 20 kg child), this dose of amoxicillin is approximately 2 times the recommended clinical amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension dose of 90/6.4 mg/kg/day. For clavulanate, the dose multiple is approximately 15 times higher than the recommended clinical daily dose, also based on body surface area.

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (4:1 ratio formulation of amoxicillin:clavulanate) was non-mutagenic in the Ames bacterial mutation assay, and the yeast gene conversion assay. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was weakly positive in the mouse lymphoma assay, but the trend toward increased mutation frequencies in this assay occurred at concentrations that were also associated with decreased cell survival. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was negative in the mouse micronucleus test, and in the dominant lethal assay in mice. Potassium clavulanate alone was tested in the Ames bacterial mutation assay and in the mouse micronucleus test and was negative in each of these assays. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (2:1 ratio formulation of amoxicillin:clavulanate) at oral doses of up to 1,200 mg/kg/day was found to have no effect on fertility and reproductive performance in rats. Based on body surface area (assuming a 20 kg child), this dose of amoxicillin is approximately 2 times the recommended clinical amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension dose of 90/6.4 mg/kg/day. For clavulanate, the dose multiple is approximately 15 times higher than the recommended clinical daily dose, also based on body surface area.

Application Number

ANDA065358

Brand Name

Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium

Generic Name

Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium

Product Ndc

0781-6139

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

ORAL

Microbiology

12.4 Microbiology Amoxicillin is a semisynthetic antibacterial with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Amoxicillin is, however, susceptible to degradation by β-lactamases, and therefore, its spectrum of activity does not include organisms which produce these enzymes. Clavulanic acid is a β-lactam, structurally related to penicillin, which possesses the ability to inactivate a wide range of β-lactamase enzymes commonly found in microorganisms resistant to penicillins and cephalosporins. In particular, it has good activity against the clinically important plasmid-mediated β-lactamases frequently found responsible for transferred drug resistance. The clavulanic acid component of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension protects amoxicillin from degradation by β-lactamase enzymes and effectively extends the antibacterial spectrum of amoxicillin to include many bacteria normally resistant to amoxicillin and other β-lactam antibacterials. Thus, amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension possesses the distinctive properties of a broad spectrum antibacterial and a β-lactamase inhibitor. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms, both in vitro and in clinical infections [see Indications and Usage ( 1 )] . Gram-Positive bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (including isolates with penicillin MICs less than or equal to 2 mcg/mL) Gram-Negative bacteria Haemophilus influenzae (including ß-lactamase-producing isolates) Moraxella catarrhalis (including ß-lactamase-producing isolates) The following in vitro data are available, but their clinical significance is unknown. At least 90% of the following microorganisms exhibit in vitro minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. However, the safety and efficacy of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in treating infections due to these microorganisms have not been established in adequate and well-controlled trials. Gram-Positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (including ß-lactamase-producing isolates) Staphylococci which are resistant to methicillin/oxacillin must be considered resistant to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Streptococcus pyogenes S. pyogenes do not produce β-lactamase, and therefore, are susceptible to amoxicillin alone. Adequate and well-controlled clinical trials have established the effectiveness of amoxicillin alone in treating certain clinical infections due to S. pyogenes. Susceptibility Test Methods For specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria and associated test methods and quality control standards recognized by FDA for this drug, please see: https://www.fda.gov/STIC .

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL NDC 0781-6139-57 Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium For Oral Suspension, USP * 600 mg/42.9 mg per 5 mL *When reconstituted, each 5 mL contains AMOXICILLIN, 600 mg as the trihydrate CLAVULANIC ACID, 42.9 mg as clavulanate potassium Rx only 75 mL (when reconstituted) SANDOZ Label

Recent Major Changes

Warnings and Precautions (5) 6/2022

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information) Administration Instructions Inform patients to take amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension every 12 hours with a meal or snack to reduce the possibility of gastrointestinal upset. If diarrhea develops and is severe or lasts more than 2 or 3 days, call your doctor. Allergic Reactions Counsel patients that amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension contains a penicillin class drug product that can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions (SCAR) Advise patients about the signs and symptoms of serious skin manifestations. Instruct patients to stop taking amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension immediately and promptly report the first signs or symptoms of skin rash, mucosal lesions, or any other sign of hypersensitivity [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )]. Diarrhea Counsel patients that diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibacterial drugs which usually ends when the antibacterial is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibacterial drugs, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as 2 or more months after having taken the last dose of the antibacterial drug. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible. Antibacterial Resistance Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs, including amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, should only be used to treat bacterial infections. Antibacterial drugs do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may: (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment, and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension or other antibacterial drugs in the future. Storage Instructions Keep suspension refrigerated. Shake well before using. When dosing a child with the suspension (liquid) of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, use a dosing spoon or medicine dropper. Be sure to rinse the spoon or dropper after each use. Bottles of suspension of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension may contain more liquid than required. Follow your doctor’s instructions about the amount to use and the days of treatment your child requires. Discard any unused medicine. The brands listed are the registered trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Sandoz Inc. Manufactured in Slovenia by Lek Pharmaceuticals d.d. for Sandoz Inc., Princeton, NJ 08540

Clinical Studies

14 CLINICAL STUDIES Two clinical studies were conducted in pediatric patients with acute otitis media. A non-comparative, open-label study assessed the bacteriologic and clinical efficacy of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension (90/6.4 mg/kg/day, divided every 12 hours) for 10 days in 521 pediatric patients (3 to 50 months) with acute otitis media. The primary objective was to assess bacteriological response in children with acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid MICs of 4 mcg/mL. The study sought the enrollment of patients with the following risk factors: Failure of antibacterial therapy for acute otitis media in the previous 3 months, history of recurrent episodes of acute otitis media, 2 years or younger, or daycare attendance. Prior to receiving amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, all patients had tympanocentesis to obtain middle ear fluid for bacteriological evaluation. Patients from whom S. pneumoniae (alone or in combination with other bacteria) was isolated had a second tympanocentesis 4 to 6 days after the start of therapy. Clinical assessments were planned for all patients during treatment (4 to 6 days after starting therapy), as well as 2 to 4 days post-treatment and 15 to 18 days post-treatment. Bacteriological success was defined as the absence of the pretreatment pathogen from the on-therapy tympanocentesis specimen. Clinical success was defined as improvement or resolution of signs and symptoms. Clinical failure was defined as lack of improvement or worsening of signs and/or symptoms at any time following at least 72 hours of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension; patients who received an additional systemic antibacterial drug for otitis media after 3 days of therapy were considered clinical failures. Bacteriological eradication on therapy (day 4 to 6 visit) in the per protocol population is summarized in the following table : Table 3. Bacteriologic Eradication Rates in the Per Protocol Population Pathogen Bacteriologic Eradication on Therapy n/N % 95% CI CI equals confidence intervals; 95% CIs are not adjusted for multiple comparisons. All S. pneumoniae 121/123 98 (94.3, 99.8) S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 2 mcg/mL 19/19 100 (82.4, 100) S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 4 mcg/mL 12/14 86 (57.2, 98.2) H. influenzae 75/81 93 (84.6, 97.2) M. catarrhalis 11/11 100 (71.5, 100) Clinical assessments were made in the per protocol population 2 to 4 days post-therapy and 15 to 18 days post-therapy. Patients who responded to therapy 2 to 4 days post-therapy were followed for 15 to 18 days post-therapy to assess them for acute otitis media. Non-responders at 2 to 4 days post-therapy were considered failures at the latter timepoint. Table 4. Clinical Assessments in the Per Protocol Population (Includes S. pneumoniae Patients with Penicillin MICs equal to 2 or 4 mcg/mL*) Pathogen 2 to 4 Days Post-Therapy (Primary Endpoint) n/N % 95% CI † All S. pneumoniae 122/137 89 (82.6, 93.7) S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 2 mcg/mL 17/20 85 (62.1, 96.8) S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 4 mcg/mL 11/14 79 (49.2, 95.3) H. influenzae 141/162 87 (80.9, 91.8) M. catarrhalis 22/26 85 (65.1, 95.6) Pathogen 15 to 18 Days Post-Therapy ‡ (Secondary Endpoint) n/N % 95% CI † All S. pneumoniae 95/136 70 (61.4, 77.4) S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 2 mcg/mL 11/20 55 (31.5, 76.9) S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 4 mcg/mL 5/14 36 (12.8, 64.9) H. influenzae 106/156 68 (60, 75.2) M. catarrhalis 14/25 56 (34.9, 75.6) * S. pneumoniae strains with penicillin MICs of 2 or 4 mcg/mL are considered resistant to penicillin. † CI equals confidence intervals; 95% CIs are not adjusted for multiple comparisons. ‡ Clinical assessments at 15 to 18 days post-therapy may have been confounded by viral infections and new episodes of acute otitis media with time elapsed post-treatment. In the intent-to-treat analysis, overall clinical outcomes at 2 to 4 days and 15 to 18 days post treatment in patients with S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 2 mcg/mL and 4 mcg/mL were 29/41 (71%) and 17/41 (42%), respectively.

Clinical Studies Table

  • Pathogen
  • Bacteriologic Eradication on Therapy
  • n/N

    %

    95% CICI equals confidence intervals; 95% CIs are not adjusted for multiple comparisons.

  • All S. pneumoniae
  • 121/123

    98

    (94.3, 99.8)

  • S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 2 mcg/mL
  • 19/19

    100

    (82.4, 100)

  • S. pneumoniae with penicillin MIC equal to 4 mcg/mL
  • 12/14

    86

    (57.2, 98.2)

  • H. influenzae
  • 75/81

    93

    (84.6, 97.2)

  • M. catarrhalis
  • 11/11

    100

    (71.5, 100)

    References

    15 REFERENCES 1. Swanson-Biearman B, Dean BS, Lopez G, Krenzelok EP. The effects of penicillin and cephalosporin ingestions in children less than six years of age. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1988; 30:66-67.

    Labor And Delivery

    8.2 Labor and Delivery Oral ampicillin-class antibacterial drugs are generally poorly absorbed during labor. Studies in guinea pigs have shown that intravenous administration of ampicillin decreased the uterine tone, frequency of contractions, height of contractions, and duration of contractions. However, it is not known whether the use of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium in humans during labor or delivery has immediate or delayed adverse effects on the fetus, prolongs the duration of labor, or increases the likelihood that forceps delivery or other obstetrical intervention or resuscitation of the newborn will be necessary. In a single study in women with premature rupture of fetal membranes, it was reported that prophylactic treatment with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium may be associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates.

    Nursing Mothers

    8.3 Nursing Mothers Ampicillin-class antibacterial drugs are excreted in human milk; therefore, caution should be exercised when amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium is administered to a nursing woman.

    Pediatric Use

    8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and efficacy of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in infants younger than 3 months have not been established. Safety and efficacy of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension have been demonstrated for treatment of acute otitis media in infants and children 3 months to 12 years [see Clinical Studies ( 14 )]. The safety and effectiveness of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension have been established for the treatment of pediatric patients (3 months to 12 years) with acute bacterial sinusitis. This use is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium extended-release tablets in adults with acute bacterial sinusitis, studies of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in pediatric patients with acute otitis media, and by similar pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin and clavulanate in pediatric patients taking amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12 )] and adults taking amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium extended-release tablets.

    Pregnancy

    8.1 Pregnancy There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Reproduction studies performed in pregnant rats and mice given amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (2:1 ratio formulation of amoxicillin:clavulanate) at oral dosages up to 1200 mg/kg/day revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. The amoxicillin doses in rodents (based on body surface area and assuming a 20 kg child) were approximately 2 times (rats) or equal to (mice) the recommended clinical amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension dose of 90/6.4 mg/kg/day. For clavulanate, these dose multiples were approximately 15 times and 7.5 times the recommended daily dose of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension.

    Use In Specific Populations

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS • Pediatric 3 months to 12 years old: Modify dose according to weight. ( 2.2 , 8.4 ) • Adults and pediatric patients weighing more than 40 kg: The safety and effectiveness of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension has not been established. ( 8 ) 8.1 Pregnancy There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Reproduction studies performed in pregnant rats and mice given amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (2:1 ratio formulation of amoxicillin:clavulanate) at oral dosages up to 1200 mg/kg/day revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. The amoxicillin doses in rodents (based on body surface area and assuming a 20 kg child) were approximately 2 times (rats) or equal to (mice) the recommended clinical amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension dose of 90/6.4 mg/kg/day. For clavulanate, these dose multiples were approximately 15 times and 7.5 times the recommended daily dose of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension. 8.2 Labor and Delivery Oral ampicillin-class antibacterial drugs are generally poorly absorbed during labor. Studies in guinea pigs have shown that intravenous administration of ampicillin decreased the uterine tone, frequency of contractions, height of contractions, and duration of contractions. However, it is not known whether the use of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium in humans during labor or delivery has immediate or delayed adverse effects on the fetus, prolongs the duration of labor, or increases the likelihood that forceps delivery or other obstetrical intervention or resuscitation of the newborn will be necessary. In a single study in women with premature rupture of fetal membranes, it was reported that prophylactic treatment with amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium may be associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates. 8.3 Nursing Mothers Ampicillin-class antibacterial drugs are excreted in human milk; therefore, caution should be exercised when amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium is administered to a nursing woman. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and efficacy of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in infants younger than 3 months have not been established. Safety and efficacy of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension have been demonstrated for treatment of acute otitis media in infants and children 3 months to 12 years [see Clinical Studies ( 14 )]. The safety and effectiveness of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension have been established for the treatment of pediatric patients (3 months to 12 years) with acute bacterial sinusitis. This use is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium extended-release tablets in adults with acute bacterial sinusitis, studies of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension in pediatric patients with acute otitis media, and by similar pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin and clavulanate in pediatric patients taking amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12 )] and adults taking amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium extended-release tablets.

    How Supplied

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING How Supplied Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium for oral suspension, USP Each 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 600 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate and 42.9 mg clavulanic acid as the potassium salt. NDC 0781-6139-57 75 mL bottle NDC 0781-6139-54 125 mL bottle NDC 0781-6139-48 200 mL bottle Storage Store reconstituted suspension under refrigeration. Discard unused suspension after 10 days. Store dry powder for oral suspension at 20º to 25°C (68º to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in original container.

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