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Ranolazine a Potential New Therapeutic Application

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Last updated:1st Mar 2016

Despite surgical and medical innovation have reduced mortality rates in cardiac surgery, the disease severity and operative procedural complexity have increased and morbidity rate is still high. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, redefined in cardiac surgery "post-cardioplegic injury" (2) as a whole of ischemia-reperfusion, cardiopulmonary bypass and surgical trauma, has been recognized as a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity. I/R injury is classified as reversible or irreversible. Reversible injury includes arrhythmias, edema, vascular dysfunction and contractile stunning expressed as low output syndrome without cell death and without apparent signs of infarction or other serum injury markers. Irreversible reperfusion injury includes apoptosis and necrosis. I/R injury is a complex process associated with increase of radical, oxidant and cytokines production, complement and neutrophil activation and endothelial activation leading to microvascular dysfunction and deterioration of coronary flow reserve. In the hypoxic heart increase anaerobic lactate production, K+ efflux and membrane depolarization. The intracellular Na+ concentration rises as a consequence of slow Na+ channels inactivation and the induction of voltage-gated Na+ channel late current component (late INA). Intracellular Na++ accumulation enhanced activity of reversed-mode Na+-Ca++ exchanger causing intracellular Ca++ overload and ventricular dysfunction. Therefore inhibition of late INA has been shown to be cardioprotective. Ranolazine, an FDA-approval antianginal and anti-ischemic agent, high selective blocker of late INA, inhibits the late sodium current in myocardial ischemia, decreases Na+ and Ca2+ overload and improves left ventricular function in experimental animal models. For this reason it was also adjuncted to cardioplegia improving diastolic function in isolate Langerdoff-perfused rat hearts. The authors test the hypothesis that ranolazine improve myocardical protection in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery with cardiopulmonary by-pass (CPB).

Study Type: Interventional
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Ranolazine Myocardial Protection in Complete Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Randomized-controlled Trial
Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: March 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

- Experimental:
- Placebo Comparator: Placebo

Category Value
Study start date 2016-03-01

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