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Trodelvy demonstrates superior outcomes to standard of care in second-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer in phase III ASCENT study- Gilead Sciences

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Published:6th Jun 2021
Gilead Sciences, Inc. announced new data from the Phase III ASCENT study evaluating Trodelvy (sacituzumab govitecan-hziy) in relapsed or refractory metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).

In this subgroup analysis of brain metastases-negative patients who received only one line of prior systemic therapy in the metastatic setting in addition to having disease recurrence or progression within 12 months of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy, Trodelvy improved progression-free survival (PFS), with a 59% reduction in the risk of disease worsening or death (HR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.22-0.76) and a median PFS of 5.7 months (n=33) versus 1.5 months with chemotherapy (n=32). Trodelvy also extended median overall survival to 10.9 months versus 4.9 months with chemotherapy (HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.28-0.91). The results were presented at the 2021 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting (Abstract #1080). Additional results showed Trodelvy demonstrated a higher overall response rate compared with chemotherapy (30% versus 3%). Efficacy results from this subgroup were consistent with those observed in the overall ASCENT study population. The safety profile of Trodelvy in this subgroup was consistent with prior reports. The most frequent Grade greater than 3 treatment-related adverse reactions for Trodelvy compared to chemotherapy were neutropenia (61% versus 21%), leukopenia (9% versus 0%), diarrhea (6% versus 0%), anemia (3% versus 6%), and fatigue (3% versus 0%). One patient in this subgroup who received Trodelvy experienced febrile neutropenia. Adverse reactions leading to treatment discontinuation were low across both groups (6% in each). There were no treatment-related deaths with Trodelvy in this subgroup. The Trodelvy U.S. Prescribing Information has a BOXED WARNING for severe or life-threatening neutropenia and severe diarrhea. Two additional ASCENT subgroup analyses that support the efficacy benefit of Trodelvy were also presented at the meeting – one evaluating Trodelvy efficacy by patients’ age (Abstract #1011) and the other comparing Trodelvy with specific single-agent chemotherapy chosen by the patients’ treating physicians (Abstract #1077)..

Condition: Breast Cancer Triple Neg
Type: drug

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