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Antioxidant and Biological Properties of Mesenchymal Cells Used for Therapy in Retinitis Pigmentosa

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Published:12th Oct 2020
Author: Limoli PG, Vingolo EM, Limoli C, Nebbioso M.
Source: Antioxidants
Ref.:Antioxidants (Basel). 2020 Oct 13;9(10):983.
DOI:10.3390/antiox9100983
Antioxidant and Biological Properties of Mesenchymal Cells Used for Therapy in Retinitis Pigmentosa


Both tissue repair and regeneration are a priority in regenerative medicine. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a complex retinal disease characterized by the progressive loss of impaired photoreceptors, is currently lacking effective therapies: this represents one of the greatest challenges in the field of ophthalmological research. Although this inherited retinal dystrophy is still an incurable genetic disease, the oxidative damage is an important pathogenetic element that may represent a viable target of therapy. In this review, we summarize the current neuroscientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of cell therapies in RP, especially those based on mesenchymal cells, and we focus on their therapeutic action: limitation of both oxidative stress and apoptotic processes triggered by the disease and promotion of cell survival. Cell therapy could therefore represent a feasible therapeutic option in RP.


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