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Plasma oxalate and eGFR are correlated in primary hyperoxaluria patients with maintained kidney function-data from three placebo-controlled studies

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Published:29th Jan 2021
Author: Milliner DS, Cochat P, Hulton SA, Harambat J, Banos A, Dehmel B et al.
Availability: Free full text
Ref.:Pediatr Nephrol. 2021 Jan 30.
DOI:10.1007/s00467-020-04894-9
Plasma oxalate and eGFR are correlated in primary hyperoxaluria patients with maintained kidney function-data from three placebo-controlled studies


Background:
In patients with primary hyperoxaluria (PH), endogenous oxalate overproduction increases urinary oxalate excretion, leading to compromised kidney function and often kidney failure. Highly elevated plasma oxalate (Pox) is associated with systemic oxalate deposition in patients with PH and severe chronic kidney disease (CKD). The relationship between Pox and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with preserved kidney function, however, is not well established. Our analysis aimed to investigate a potential correlation between these parameters in PH patients from three randomized, placebo-controlled trials (studies OC3-DB-01, OC3-DB-02, and OC5-DB-01).

Methods: Baseline data from patients with a PH diagnosis (type 1, 2, or 3) and eGFR > 40 mL/min/1.73 m2 were analyzed for a correlation between eGFR and Pox using Spearman’s rank and Pearson’s correlation coefficients. Data were analyzed by individual study and additionally were pooled for Studies OC3-DB-02 and OC5-DB-01 in which the same Pox assay was used.

Results: A total of 106 patients were analyzed. A statistically significant inverse Spearman’s correlation between eGFR and Pox was observed across all analyses; correlation coefficients were − 0.44 in study OC3-DB-01, − 0.55 in study OC3-DB-02, − 0.51 in study OC5-DB-01, and − 0.49 in the pooled studies (p < 0.0064).

Conclusions: Baseline evaluations showed a moderate and statistically significant inverse correlation between eGFR and Pox in patients with PH already at early stages of CKD (stages 1–3b), demonstrating that a correlation is present before substantial loss in kidney function occurs.


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