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Mir-142-3p Regulates Inflammatory Response by Contributing to Increased TNF-α in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyposis

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Published:31st Dec 2020
Author: Qing X, Zhang Y, Peng Y, He G, Liu A, Liu H.
Availability: Free full text
Ref.:Ear Nose Throat J. 2021 Jan;100(1):NP50-NP56.
DOI:10.1177/0145561319847972
Mir-142-3p Regulates Inflammatory Response by Contributing to Increased TNF-α in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyposis


Objective:
Previous studies suggested that microRNAs played an important role in the progression of inflammation and remodeling of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. However, the abnormal expression of microRNAs and regulation cytokine expression in nasal polyposis are not clear.

Method: The miR-142-3p and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) expression levels in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The miR-142-3p and TNF-α levels in human nasal epithelial cells (HNEpC) after stimulation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were detected by qRT-PCR. Moreover, HNEpCs were transfected by miR-142-3p mimics or inhibitor or cotransfected with si-TNF-α to evaluate the regulation of miR-142-3p on TNF-α which affects the production of inflammatory factors.

Results: The miR-142-3p and TNF-α were significantly higher in nasal mucosa of chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps patients compared to normal human. MiR-142-3p and TNF-α expression levels were increased after LPS stimulation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Knockdown of miR-142-3p in HNEpCs downregulated TNF-α expression at both messenger RNA and protein levels.

Conclusions: It is indicated that miR-142-3p may participate in the regulation of the body's inflammatory response through the LPS-TLR-TNF-α signaling pathway in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis.


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