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The role of hypoxia-inducible factors in neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a gene therapy perspective

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Published:1st Mar 2020
Author: Mammadzada P, Corredoira PM, André H.
Availability: Free full text
Ref.:Cell Mol Life Sci. 2020 Mar;77(5):819-833.
DOI:10.1007/s00018-019-03422-9
The role of hypoxia-inducible factors in neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a gene therapy perspective


Understanding the mechanisms that underlie age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has led to the identification of key molecules. Hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs) have been associated with choroidal neovascularization and the progression of AMD into the neovascular clinical phenotype (nAMD). HIFs regulate the expression of multiple growth factors and cytokines involved in angiogenesis and inflammation, hallmarks of nAMD. This knowledge has propelled the development of a new group of therapeutic strategies focused on gene therapy. The present review provides an update on current gene therapies in ocular angiogenesis, particularly nAMD, from both basic and clinical perspectives.


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