Silodosin 8 mg improves benign prostatic obstruction in Caucasian patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic enlargement: results from an explorative clinical study.
Background: To preliminary investigate the effects of silodosin 8 mg once daily on obstruction urodynamic parameters and subjective symptoms in Caucasian patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic enlargement.
Methods: We performed a single-center, open-label, single-arm, post-marketing interventional clinical trial. Inclusion criteria were: Caucasian subjects aged ≥50 years waiting to undergo surgery for lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic enlargement, international prostate symptom total score ≥ 13, international prostate symptom-quality of life score ≥ 3, prostate volume ≥ 30 ml, maximum urine flow rate ≤ 15 mL/s, bladder outlet obstruction index > 40. Eligible subjects received one capsule of silodosin 8 mg once daily for 8 weeks. Invasive urodynamic evaluations were performed at baseline and at 8-weeks follow-up. International prostate symptom questionnaire was administered at baseline, after 4-weeks and 8-weeks of treatment.
Results: Overall, 34 subjects were included. Mean bladder outlet obstruction index significantly decreased from 70.6 to 39.2 and bladder outlet obstruction index class improved in 16 patients (53.3%). Statistically significant improvements of mean total international prostate symptom score, mean storage sub-score, mean voiding sub-score and mean quality of life sub-score were evident after 4-weeks of treatment with further improvements after 8-weeks. At the end of the treatment, all patients declared that their condition improved enough to spare or delay surgery.
Conclusions: Silodosin 8 mg once daily significantly improves benign prostatic obstruction in Caucasian patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic enlargement waiting for surgery.