Phase III GLOW trial of IMAB 362 in gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma presented at ASCO
Astellas Pharma will present detailed results from the Phase III GLOW trial evaluating first-line treatment with IMAB 362 (zolbetuximab), an investigational first-in-class Claudin 18.2 (CLDN18.2) targeted monoclonal antibody, plus CAPOX (a combination chemotherapy regimen that includes capecitabine and oxaliplatin) versus placebo plus CAPOX in patients with CLDN18.2-positive, HER2-negative, locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma
In the study, investigational treatment zolbetuximab plus CAPOX demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) compared to placebo plus CAPOX. Specifically, zolbetuximab plus CAPOX reduced the risk of progression or death by 31.3% (n=507; hazard ratio [HR]=0.687; [95% confidence interval [CI]: (0.544-0.866)]; p=0.0007) compared to placebo plus CAPOX, meeting GLOW's primary endpoint. Median PFS was 8.21 months (95% CI: 7.46–8.84) in the treatment arm and 6.80 months (95% CI: 6.14–8.08) in the placebo arm.
The study also showed that zolbetuximab plus CAPOX significantly prolonged overall survival (OS), a key secondary endpoint, reducing the risk of death by 22.9% (HR=0.771; 95% CI: 0.615-0.965; p=0.0118). Median OS was 14.39 months (95% CI: 12.29-16.49) and 12.16 months (95% CI: 10.28-13.67) for the treatment arm and placebo arm, respectively. The incidence of serious treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was similar between both arms (47.2% versus 49.8% in the zolbetuximab versus placebo arms, respectively) and consistent with previous studies. The most frequent TEAEs in the GLOW study were nausea (68.5% versus 50.2%), vomiting (66.1% versus 30.9%) and decreased appetite (41.3% versus 33.7%) in the zolbetuximab versus placebo arms.
These detailed results from the GLOW trial will be presented at the March American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Plenary Series (Wednesday, March 22, 2023, at 4:00 p.m. ET) by Manish A. Shah, M.D., Medical Oncologist and Director of the Gastrointestinal Oncology Program, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York.
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