Trodelvy improved progression-free survival by 34% in heavily pre-treated HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer patients.
Gilead Sciences, Inc. announced positive results from the primary analysis of the Phase III TROPiCS-02 study of Trodelvy (sacituzumab govitecan-hziy) versus physicians’ choice of chemotherapy (TPC) in heavily pre-treated HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer patients who received prior endocrine therapy, CDK4/6 inhibitors and two to four lines of chemotherapy.
The study met its primary endpoint of progression-free survival (PFS) with a statistically significant and clinically meaningful 34% reduction in the risk of disease progression or death (median PFS 5.5 vs. 4 months; HR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.53-0.83; P<0.0003). the first interim analysis of the key secondary endpoint of overall survival (os) demonstrated a trend in improvement. these data are immature, and patients will be followed for subsequent os analysis. these findings were featured in both a press briefing and an oral session (abstract #lba1001) on saturday, june 4, during the 2022 american society of clinical oncology (asco) annual meeting.
The study demonstrated that at the one-year mark, three times as many patients were progression-free when treated with Trodelvy compared to those who received TPC (21% versus 7%). Improvements in PFS with Trodelvy were also consistent across key patient subgroups, including patients who had previously received three or more chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease (HR: 0.70; CI: 0.52-0.95), patients with visceral metastasis (HR: 0.66; CI: 0.53-0.83), and the elderly ( greater than 65 years of age; HR: 0.59; CI: 0.38-0.93).
“For patients with HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer, resistance to endocrine therapy is inevitable in almost all cases. The standard of care is then limited to sequential single agent chemotherapy, with declining response rates, disease control and quality of life,” said Dr. Hope Rugo, Professor of Medicine and Director, Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials Education at the University of California San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, U.S. “In TROPiCS-02, we enrolled heavily pre-treated patients with metastatic breast cancer who had disease progression following multiple lines of chemotherapy. To observe a clinically meaningful reduction in the risk of disease progression or death in these patients with limited treatment options is remarkable. Sacituzumab govitecan-hziy will be an important potential future treatment option for these patients.”
A prespecified quality of life (QoL) analysis, one of the secondary endpoints using the EORTC QLQ-C30 instrument, also favored Trodelvy over TPC demonstrating meaningful benefit. In the evaluable population, improvements in global health status and fatigue with Trodelvy (n=234) compared with those who received TPC (n=207) were also observed.
The safety profile for Trodelvy was consistent with prior studies, with no new safety concerns identified in this patient population. The most frequent Grade greater than 3 treatment-related adverse reactions for Trodelvy compared to TPC were neutropenia (51% versus 38%), diarrhea (9% versus 1%), leukopenia (9% versus 5%), anemia (6% versus 3%), fatigue (6% versus 2%) and febrile neutropenia (5% versus 4%).
Related news and insights
- Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that the Journal of Clinical Oncology has published results from its INTRIGUE Phase III study of Qinlock (ripretinib) in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) previously treated with imatinib.
Nature Medicine has published results from a prospective, open-label, single-arm, phase II TUXEDO-1 trial of Enhertu (trastuzumab deruxtecan), from Daiichi Sankyo + AstraZeneca, which enrolled patients aged at least 18 years with HER2-positive breast cancer and newly diagnosed untreated brain metastases or brain metastases progressing after previous local therapy, previous exposure to trastuzumab and pertuzumab and no indication for immediate local therapy
Biora Therapeutics, Inc. announced topline results from its recently completed study PM 602: A Scintigraphic Study to Evaluate the Localization and Delivery Function of a Drug Delivery System Capsule (DDS) in Subjects with Ulcerative Colitis in a Fasted State