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FDA Drug information

Tetracaine Hydrochloride

Read time: 1 mins
Marketing start date: 25 Jul 2024

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious ocular adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling: • Corneal Injury with Intracameral Use [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] • Corneal Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] • Corneal Injury Due to Insensitivity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] The following adverse reactions have been identified following use of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5%. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Ocular Adverse Reactions Transient stinging, burning, and conjunctival redness, eye irritation, eye pain, ocular discomfort. Ocular adverse events: transient stinging, burning, conjunctival redness, eye irritation, eye pain, ocular discomfort. ( 6 ) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Bausch & Lomb Incorporated at 1-800-553-5340 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any component of this preparation. Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any component of this preparation. ( 4 )

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% is a sterile, clear, colorless, topical local anesthetic for ophthalmic use only containing tetracaine hydrochloride as the active pharmaceutical ingredient. Tetracaine hydrochloride is chemically designated as benzoic acid, 4-(butylamino)-, 2-(dimethylamino) ethyl ester, monohydrochloride. Its chemical formula is C 15 H 24 N 2 O 2 ● HCl and it is represented by the chemical structure: Tetracaine hydrochloride is a fine, white, crystalline, odorless powder with a molecular weight of 300.83. Active ingredient: tetracaine hydrochloride 0.5% w/v (equivalent to 0.44% w/v tetracaine) Preservative: chlorobutanol 0.4% Inactive ingredients: boric acid, edetate disodium dihydrate, potassium chloride, water for injection. Sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid may be added to adjust pH (3.7 – 6.0). CHEM

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION One drop topically in the eye(s) as needed. One drop topically in the eye(s) as needed. ( 2 )

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% is indicated for procedures requiring a rapid and short-acting topical ophthalmic anesthetic. Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5%, is an ester local anesthetic indicated for procedures requiring a rapid and short-acting topical ophthalmic anesthetic. ( 1 )

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE Prolonged use of a topical ocular anesthetic including Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% may produce permanent corneal opacification and ulceration with accompanying visual loss.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action Tetracaine blocks sodium ion channels required for the initiation and conduction of neuronal impulses thereby affecting local anesthesia. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics The systemic exposure to tetracaine following topical ocular administration of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% has not been studied. Tetracaine hydrochloride is metabolized by plasma pseudocholinesterases and nonspecific esterases in ocular tissues.

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action Tetracaine blocks sodium ion channels required for the initiation and conduction of neuronal impulses thereby affecting local anesthesia.

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics The systemic exposure to tetracaine following topical ocular administration of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% has not been studied. Tetracaine hydrochloride is metabolized by plasma pseudocholinesterases and nonspecific esterases in ocular tissues.

Effective Time

20220501

Version

2

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% is a clear, colorless, ophthalmic solution containing 0.5% w/v tetracaine hydrochloride equivalent to tetracaine 0.44% w/v. Ophthalmic solution containing 0.5% tetracaine hydrochloride ( 3 )

Spl Product Data Elements

Tetracaine Hydrochloride Tetracaine Hydrochloride TETRACAINE HYDROCHLORIDE TETRACAINE CHLOROBUTANOL BORIC ACID POTASSIUM CHLORIDE EDETATE DISODIUM WATER SODIUM HYDROXIDE HYDROCHLORIC ACID

Carcinogenesis And Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Studies to assess the genotoxicity of tetracaine hydrochloride have not been reported in the published literature. Long-term animal studies have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of tetracaine hydrochloride. Animal studies to assess the effects of tetracaine hydrochloride on fertility have not been reported in the published literature.

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Studies to assess the genotoxicity of tetracaine hydrochloride have not been reported in the published literature. Long-term animal studies have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of tetracaine hydrochloride. Animal studies to assess the effects of tetracaine hydrochloride on fertility have not been reported in the published literature.

Application Number

NDA210821

Brand Name

Tetracaine Hydrochloride

Generic Name

Tetracaine Hydrochloride

Product Ndc

82260-920

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

OPHTHALMIC

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 15 mL carton NDC 82260-920-15 Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% (Sterile) FOR OPHTHALMIC USE Rx only 15 mL BAUSCH + LOMB 9780300 AB09111 carton

Recent Major Changes

Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 ) 02/2022

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Eye Care Precaution Do not touch the dropper tip to any surface as this may contaminate the solution. Advise patients that, due to the effect of the anesthetic, their eyes will be insensitive for up to 20 minutes and that care should be taken to avoid accidental injuries. Distributed by: Bausch & Lomb Americas Inc. Bridgewater, NJ 08807 USA Manufactured by: Bausch & Lomb Incorporated Tampa, FL 33637 USA © 2022 Bausch & Lomb Incorporated or its affiliates 9780400 (Folded) 9780500 (Flat)

Clinical Studies

14 CLINICAL STUDIES Topical administration of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% results in localized temporary anesthesia. The maximum effect is achieved within 10–20 seconds after instillation, with efficacy lasting 10–20 minutes. Duration of effect can be extended with repeated dosing [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and Overdosage (10) ] .

Geriatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use No overall differences in safety or effectiveness of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

Pediatric Use

8.4 Pediatric Use Safety of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% in the pediatric population has been demonstrated in clinical trials. Efficacy of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% for use in pediatric patients has been extrapolated from adequate and well-controlled clinical trials in the adult population.

Pregnancy

8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% in pregnant women. Animal developmental and reproductive toxicity studies with tetracaine hydrochloride have not been reported in the published literature.

Use In Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% in pregnant women. Animal developmental and reproductive toxicity studies with tetracaine hydrochloride have not been reported in the published literature. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data to assess whether Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% is excreted in human milk or to assess its effects on milk production/excretion. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5%. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential No human data on the effect of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% on fertility are available. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% in the pediatric population has been demonstrated in clinical trials. Efficacy of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% for use in pediatric patients has been extrapolated from adequate and well-controlled clinical trials in the adult population. 8.5 Geriatric Use No overall differences in safety or effectiveness of Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

How Supplied

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING Tetracaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.5% is supplied as a sterile, aqueous, topical ophthalmic solution in a low-density polyethylene plastic dropper bottle with a low-density polyethylene dropper tip and white polypropylene cap in the following sizes: NDC 82260-920-15 15 mL in a 15 mL Bottle NDC 82260-920-05 5 mL in a 7.5 mL Bottle After opening, this product can be used until the expiration date stamped on the bottle. Storage: Store at 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). Protect from light. Do not use if solution contains crystals, cloudy, or discolored.

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