Rezurock patient-reported outcomes correlated with clinical response in chronic graft-versus-host disease.
Results from a pooled analysis of Rezurock (belumosudil) for the treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) show certain organ clinical responses correlated with clinically meaningful changes in patient-reported outcomes (PROs).
Kadmon, a Sanofi Company, will present the results at the 2022 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (ASTCT) and the Center for International Blood & Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) Tandem Meetings in Salt Lake City, Utah.
The pooled analysis of the ROCKstar (KD025-213) and KD025-208 studies demonstrates a very strong, but not universal, correlation between organ clinical response measures and clinically meaningful changes in PROs in patients treated with Rezurock. In particular, the clinically meaningful changes in PROs were reported in the skin, mouth, eye, upper GI, lung (clinical lung scale score), and overall measures. These data support use of PROs for response assessment in cGVHD clinical trials and patient care to help capture the patient’s perspective on cGVHD disease activity.
About the Pooled Analysis : The pooled analysis of clinical and PRO data included 170 (91.3%) patients enrolled in two Rezurock studies (n=132, KD025-213; n=54, KD025-208) who had baseline PROs, at least one follow-up PRO, and at least one response assessment. The median age was 54.5 years, 98 (58%) were men, the median number of prior treatments was 3, 70% had severe cGVHD, and the median duration of follow-up at the time of data cut-off was 15 months (range, 0.6-44 months).
Organ responses, defined as complete responses (CR) and partial responses (PR), were 35% (48/135) in skin, 68% (84/124) in joints, 57% (56/99) in mouth, 41% (52/128) in eyes, 73% (19/26) in upper GI, 87% (13/15) in lower GI, 23% (14/61) in lungs, and 77% (130/170) overall. For all organs except for joints, oesophagus, and lower GI there was at least one PRO that was statistically correlated at p<0.05 with national institutes of health (nih) organ response. nih clinical lung response, but not the lung response based on fev1% change, was associated with the lung pro.
cGVHD is a complication that can occur following allogeneic stem cell transplantation, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. In cGVHD, transplanted immune cells (graft) attack the patient's cells (host), leading to inflammation and fibrosis in multiple tissues, including skin, mouth, eye, joints, liver, lung, oesophagus and gastrointestinal tract. Approximately 14,000 patients in the United States are living with cGVHD.
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