European approval for use of Biktarvy in children with HIV
Gilead Sciences, Inc. announced that the European Commission (EC) has authorized a new low-dose tablet dosage form of Biktarvy (bictegravir 30 mg/emtricitabine 120 mg/tenofovir alafenamide 15 mg tablets) and an extension of the indication for Biktarvy to treat HIV infection in virologically suppressed children who are at least two years of age and weigh at least 14 kg
The European Marketing Authorization is the first pediatric approval for Biktarvy in the European Union (EU) and applies to all 27 member states of the EU, as well as Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.
After switching to Biktarvy, 98% (49/50) of participants in treatment cohort 1 remained suppressed (HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL) at Week 48. After switching to Biktarvy, 98% (49/50) of participants in treatment cohort 2 remained suppressed (HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL) at Week 48. After switching to Biktarvy, 91% (20/22) of participants in treatment cohort 3 remained virologically suppressed at Week 24. In this study, no new adverse reactions have been observed in pediatric subjects aged 2 years and older living with HIV-1 as compared to those observed in adults.
While there have been many advances in the treatment of HIV in children and adolescents, there remains a need to prioritize, evaluate and develop options for the millions of the children worldwide. In 2021, an estimated 800,000 children under the age of 19 living with HIV were still not receiving HIV treatment. Children comprised 4% of people with HIV in 2021 but 15% of AIDS-related deaths, and the gap in HIV treatment coverage between children and adults is increasing rather than narrowing..
The authorization of an extended indication and line extension for Biktarvy for the treatment of HIV in children at least two years of age and weighing at least 14 kg is based on an open-label study (NCT02881320), which found Biktarvy to be effective and generally well-tolerated through 24 weeks in virologically suppressed adolescents and children with HIV. In Study 1474, treatment outcomes with Biktarvy were evaluated in virologically suppressed adolescents between the ages of 12 to less than 18 years weighing at least 35 kg (treatment cohort 1, N=50) and in virologically suppressed children between the ages of 6 to less than 12 years weighing at least 25 kg (treatment cohort 2, N=50). Treatment outcomes with Biktarvy were also evaluated in virologically suppressed children at least 2 years of age and weighing at least 14 kg to less than 25 kg (treatment cohort 3, N=22). At Week 2 or Week 4, select study participants from the three treatment cohorts underwent an intensive pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluation to confirm the dose to be administered in each treatment cohort. All participants from the three treatment cohorts went on to receive Biktarvy for 48 weeks. Beyond Week 48, participants can receive Biktarvy in an active open-label extension phase for up to 96 weeks.
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