This site is intended for healthcare professionals
News

EU approves Keytruda in renal cell carcinoma.

Read time: 1 mins
Published:28th Jan 2022
Merck Inc announced that the European Commission has approved Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Merck’s anti-PD-1 therapy, as monotherapy for the adjuvant treatment of adults with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at increased risk of recurrence following nephrectomy, or following nephrectomy and resection of metastatic lesions.

This approval is based on results from the Phase III KEYNOTE-564 trial, in which Keytruda demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in disease-free survival (DFS), reducing the risk of disease recurrence or death by 32% (HR=0.68 [95% CI, 0.53-0.87]; p=0.0010) after a median follow-up of 23.9 months compared to placebo, in patients at increased risk of recurrence (defined in the clinical trial protocol as intermediate-high or high risk following nephrectomy and those with resected advanced disease).

The approval was based on data from KEYNOTE-564 (NCT03142334), a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III trial that enrolled 994 patients with increased risk of recurrence of RCC defined as intermediate-high or high risk, or M1 with no evidence of disease (NED). Patients must have undergone a partial or radical complete nephrectomy (and complete resection of solid, isolated, soft tissue metastatic lesion[s] in M1 NED participants) with negative surgical margins for at least four weeks prior to the time of screening. Patients with active autoimmune disease or a medical condition that required immunosuppression were excluded from the study. The primary efficacy outcome measure was investigator-assessed DFS. The secondary efficacy outcome measure was overall survival (OS). Patients with RCC with clear cell component were randomized (1:1) to receive Keytruda 200 mg administered intravenously every three weeks (n=496) or placebo (n=498) for up to one year until disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity. At a pre-specified interim analysis with a median follow-up time of 23.9 months, Keytruda demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in DFS, reducing the risk of disease recurrence or death by 32% (HR=0.68 [95% CI, 0.53-0.87]; p=0.0010) compared with placebo in patients with RCC at increased risk of recurrence following nephrectomy, or following nephrectomy and resection of metastatic lesions. Updated efficacy results with a median follow-up time of 29.7 months demonstrated Keytruda reduced the risk of disease recurrence or death by 37% (HR=0.63 [95% CI, 0.50-0.80]; p<0.0001) compared with placebo. median dfs has not been reached for either group. the trial will continue to assess os as a secondary outcome measure.

The safety of Keytruda as monotherapy has been evaluated in 7,148 patients with advanced melanoma, resected stage III melanoma (adjuvant therapy), non-small cell lung cancer, classical Hodgkin lymphoma, urothelial carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, colorectal cancer, endometrial, gastric, small intestine, biliary, pancreatic cancer or adjuvant therapy of RCC across four doses (2 mg/kg bodyweight [bw] every three weeks, 200 mg every three weeks, or 10 mg/kg bw every two or three weeks) in clinical studies. In this patient population, the most frequent adverse reactions with Keytruda were fatigue (31%), diarrhea (22%) and nausea (21%).

Condition: Renal Cell Carcinoma
Type: drug

Learning Zones

The Learning Zones are an educational resource for healthcare professionals that provide medical information on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and burden of disease, as well as diagnostic techniques and treatment regimens.