New analysis published in Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders supports the efficacy of Uplizna.
Uplizna is the first and only B-cell-depleting humanized monoclonal antibody approved by the FDA for the treatment of NMOSD (neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder) in adults who are anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody positive. Uplizna is a next-generation B-cell-depleting therapy engineered for optimized efficacy and tolerability. Uplizna specifically targets and depletes CD19-expressing B cells, including plasmablasts and some plasma cells not targeted by anti-CD20 therapies like rituximab. Rituximab is not approved by the FDA for the treatment of NMOSD.
This analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of Uplizna among participants who were previously treated with rituximab to determine any impact of prior treatment on rates of adjudicated attacks, secondary efficacy outcomes and treatment-emergent adverse events. Of the 17 participants who had previously been treated with rituximab, 13 were randomly assigned to the Uplizna treatment group. Notably, all seven participants who had pre-study attacks despite rituximab use (annualized attack rate, 0.78 attacks per person year) did not experience any attacks after being treated with Uplizna.
"It is encouraging to see that in this analysis, none of the seven patients who experienced breakthrough attacks while previously being treated with rituximab went on to experience an attack while taking Uplizna,” said Eoin P. Flanagan, M.B., B.Ch., a neurology specialist at the Mayo Clinic and study author. “Although Uplizna and rituximab both target B cells, Uplizna targets a broader range of B cells, and may explain why patients in the study who had attacks while being treated with rituximab did not experience attacks with Uplizna.”
Key analysis findings; i.92% of participants previously treated with rituximab did not experience an NMOSD attack while being treated with Uplizna during the randomized-controlled period (RCP) of N-MOmentum (hazard ratio vs all placebo, 0.16; 95% confidence interval: 0.02-1.20) and remained attack-free through the open-label extension period (OLP). ii. Annualized attack rate reduced to 0.08 attacks per person year after the first administration of Uplizna, similar to recipients without prior rituximab exposure (0.10 attacks per person year). iii. Two participants previously treated with rituximab each experienced an attack during the OLP, both of whom originally received placebo during the RCP. iv. Two participants with prior rituximab use experienced serious treatment-emergent adverse events related to Uplizna,and three experienced serious or grade greater than 3 infections. Uplizna had a similar safety profile in participants with and without prior rituximab use.
“Physicians who are considering transitioning their patients from rituximab to Uplizna are eager for evidence that this can be done safely and effectively,” said Kristina Patterson, M.D., Ph.D., medical director, neuroimmunology, Horizon. “This analysis may suggest that appropriate patients can successfully transition from rituximab to Uplizna, which is particularly important for physicians who have been hesitant to transition patients to a different medicine because they don’t want to trigger an attack.”
"Inebilizumab for treatment of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder in patients with prior rituximab use from the N-MOmentum Study.": Eoin P. Flanagan , Michael Levy, Maureen A. Mealy,et.al.,.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2021.103352 Received 31 March 2021; Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders journal.
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