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Journal

Topical nitroglycerin and lidocaine locally vasodilate the radial artery without affecting systemic blood pressure: A dose-finding phase I study

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Published:25th Mar 2020
Purpose: Small radial artery diameter (RAD) and vasospasm are barriers to radial artery cannulation. We performed this study to determine if topical nitroglycerin and/or nitroglycerin plus topical lidocaine increases RAD without affecting systemic blood pressure. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. In the first visit, to determine the optimal dose of nitroglycerin, subjects were randomized to either 15 or 30 mg nitroglycerin on one wrist and placebo on the other. In visit 2, to assess for any effect of lidocaine on the vasodilator function of nitroglycerin, the same subjects were randomized to 20 mg lidocaine + 30 mg nitroglycerin vs 20 mg lidocaine + placebo, or 40 mg lidocaine + 30 mg nitroglycerin vs 40 mg lidocaine + placebo. In both visits, blood pressure and RAD using ultrasonography were measured for 2 hours. Results: In visit 1, both nitroglycerin groups significantly increased RAD, with greater increases with 30 mg nitroglycerin (P < .01) and no significant increase in RAD in placebo wrists. In visit 2, increase in RAD was significantly greater with 20 mg lidocaine + 30 mg nitroglycerin vs 20 mg lidocaine + placebo (P < .001), and 40 mg lidocaine + 30 mg nitroglycerin vs 40 mg lidocaine + placebo (P < .001), indicating that lidocaine does not alter the effect of nitroglycerin. There were significant increases in RAD seen as early as 30 minutes. There were no significant change in RAD in lidocaine + placebo�treated wrists and no change in blood pressure in any group. Conclusions: Topical nitroglycerin and lidocaine significantly increase RAD within 30 to 60 minutes with no effect on contralateral radial artery or blood pressure, indicating a direct, local effect on the radial artery. (Clinicaltrials.gov number NCT00686231)

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