Randomised study of a bioabsorbable polymer-coated sirolimus-eluting stent: results of the DESSOLVE II trial
AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of the MiStent absorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (APSES) with a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES).
METHODS AND RESULTS: The trial was a 2:1 randomisation at 26 sites of 184 patients implanted with an APSES (n=123) versus a ZES (n=61). Following stent implantation, all patients underwent quantitative coronary angiography at baseline and at nine months of follow-up, while a select subgroup also underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT). The primary efficacy hypothesis was superiority of in-stent late lumen loss (LLL) of APSES compared to ZES. At nine months, the primary endpoint was met, with a mean in-stent LLL of 0.27±0.46 mm in 103 APSES patients versus 0.58±0.41 mm in 52 ZES patients (p<0.001). The proportion of uncovered stent struts by OCT at nine months was very low in both groups. The mean neointimal thickness of covered struts (p=0.002) and percent net volume obstruction (p≤0.003) were significantly lower in the APSES than in the ZES group. Major adverse cardiac event and stent thrombosis rates were low and comparable between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The DESSOLVE II trial demonstrated superiority in the primary efficacy endpoint of nine-month mean LLL for APSES compared to ZES. Strut coverage by OCT was high with both stents and the clinical safety endpoints including stent thrombosis were equally low in both groups. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01294748.
Related study: Clinical Investigation of the MiStent Drug Eluting Stent (DES) in Coronary Artery Disease (DESSOLVE-II)