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Journal

Effects of glucagon-like peptide 1 on appetite and body weight: focus on the CNS.

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Published:25th Mar 2020
Author: van Bloemendaal L, Ten Kulve JS, la Fleur SE, Ijzerman RG, Diamant M.
Ref.:J Endocrinol. 2014 Mar 7;221(1):T1-16.
DOI:10.1530/JOE-13-0414.

The delivery of nutrients to the gastrointestinal tract after food ingestion activates the secretion of several gut-derived mediators, including the incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), such as exenatide and liraglutide, are currently employed successfully in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. GLP-1RA improve glycaemic control and stimulate satiety, leading to reductions in food intake and body weight. Besides gastric distension and peripheral vagal nerve activation, GLP-1RA induce satiety by influencing brain regions involved in the regulation of feeding, and several routes of action have been proposed. This review summarises the evidence for a physiological role of GLP-1 in the central regulation of feeding behaviour and the different routes of action involved. Also, we provide an overview of presently available data on pharmacological stimulation of GLP-1 pathways leading to alterations in CNS activity, reductions in food intake and weight loss.

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