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Detection and genotyping of human papillomavirus by real-time PCR assay

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Published:25th Mar 2020
Background: Diagnosis of human papillomavirus (HPV) disease remains a challenge due to several factors related to the cost, the workload of available commercial assays to detect and genotype HPV, and to the low prevalence of infected patients. Objective: Our study aimed to develop a real-time PCR, based on SPF10 primers, in order to combine HPV-DNA detection and genotype identification avoiding the negative samples. Study design: Validation of SYBR-green based SPF10 real-time PCR on HPV-DNA plasmids followed by the investigation of the viral status in 92 samples from oropharyngeal (94%) cutaneous biopsies (3%) and anal smears (3%) which had previously been HPV-genotyped by LiPA hybridization. In-house HPV viral loads were performed to evaluate the SPF10 real-time PCR sensitivity. Results: Data showed that 100% of HPV plasmids, assessable by LiPA hybridization, were detected and genotyped appropriately after SPF10 real-time PCR assays. These results defined a range of melting temperature peaks for HPV positivity by real-time PCR. The efficient determination of the presence of HPV-DNA by SPF10 real-time PCR was validated for 98% of clinical samples compared to commercial method. Discordant results were due to a low HPV-DNA amount and to a supplementary HPV genotype identified. The SPF10 real-time PCR sensitivity was evaluated between 1 and 10copies/103cells using in-house HPV (6, 11 and 16) viral load assays. Conclusion: The real-time PCR method was efficient in combining screening and genotyping of HPV-DNA. Cost and workload reduction by SPF10 real-time PCR approach may facilitate earlier diagnosis and clinical management of HPV infected patients.

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