Intravitreal ocriplasmin for the treatment of vitreomacular traction and macular hole- A study of efficacy and safety based on NICE guidance.
Purpose: To evaluate the real world clinical outcomes of intravitreal ocriplasmin in patients with vitreomacular traction (VMT) with and without full thickness macular holes (FTMH) treated according to NICE guidance.
Methods: Retrospective observational case series of 25 patients treated with a single intravitreal ocriplasmin injection between December 2013 and December 2015. Best corrected visual acuity and optical coherence tomography exams were performed to determine visual outcomes and anatomical VMT release and FTMH closure over time. Two patient groups were identified: ocular macular co-morbidity (OCM) and no OCM (nOCM), with follow-up at 4, 12, and 24 weeks.
Results: Twenty-five patients were identified that included 19 patients with VMT, and 6 patients with VMT plus FTMH. In the nOCM group of 22 patients, the release rate of VMT was 44%, 63%, and 69% at 4, 12 and 24 weeks respectively. In the "real-world" OCM group of 25 patients, the VMT release rate was 37%, 53%, and 58% at the same time-points. In both groups, the FTMH closure rate was 33%, 50%, and 67% at 4, 12, and 24 weeks. At mean follow-up of 30 weeks in the VMT group with nOCM, the mean LogMAR VA improved significantly from 0.44 to 0.28 (p = 0.0068, paired t-test). Three were no serious adverse events.
Conclusions: This study reports improved efficacy of intravitreal ocriplasmin for both VMT and FTMH, and is more favourable in patients with no ocular co-morbidity. We highlight the importance of careful patient selection and structured standard of care pathways to identify patients who will benefit from the positive visual and anatomical effects of intravitreal ocriplasmin.