A phase I/II study of intrathecal idursulfase-IT in children with severe mucopolysaccharidosis II.
Approximately two-thirds of patients with the lysosomal storage disease mucopolysaccharidosis II have progressive cognitive impairment. Intravenous (i.v.) enzyme replacement therapy does not affect cognitive impairment because recombinant iduronate-2-sulfatase (idursulfase) does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier at therapeutic concentrations. We examined the safety of idursulfase formulated for intrathecal administration (idursulfase-IT) via intrathecal drug delivery device (IDDD). A secondary endpoint was change in concentration of glycosaminoglycans in cerebrospinal fluid.
Sixteen cognitively impaired males with mucopolysaccharidosis II who were previously treated with weekly i.v. idursulfase 0.5 mg/kg for ≥6 months were enrolled. Patients were randomized to no treatment or 10-mg, 30-mg, or 1-mg idursulfase-IT monthly for 6 months (four patients per group) while continuing i.v. idursulfase weekly.
No serious adverse events related to idursulfase-IT were observed. Surgical revision/removal of the IDDD was required in 6 of 12 patients. Twelve total doses were administrated by lumbar puncture. Mean cerebrospinal fluid glycosaminoglycan concentration was reduced by approximately 90% in the 10-mg and 30-mg groups and approximately 80% in the 1-mg group after 6 months.
These preliminary data support further development of investigational idursulfase-IT in MPS II patients with the severephenotype who have progressed only to a mild-to-moderate level of cognitive impairment.Genet Med 18 1, 73-81.