Plerixafor injection: a hematopoietic stem cell mobilizer in non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
Introduction: A combination of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and chemotherapy or G-CSF alone are the most common mobilization regimens for autotransplantations. Plerixafor is used for mobilization of CD34(+) cells with G-CSF in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and myeloma (MM) patients.
Areas covered: The available phase II and III data on plerixafor has been reviewed. The efficacy of plerixafor in the mobilization of CD34(+) cells in predicted poor mobilizers as well as in patients who had failed a mobilization has been evaluated. The pre-emptive use of plerixafor as well as studies on cost-effectiveness are covered. Also effects in the composition of the collected grafts along with the data on long-term outcome of plerixafor-mobilized patients is discussed. Expert commentary: Plerixafor combined with G-CSF mobilizes CD34(+) cells more efficiently than G-CSF alone in patients with NHL or MM. In phase III studies, engraftment after high-dose therapy has been comparable to G-CSF mobilized patients. The pre-emptive use of plerixafor added to mobilization with chemotherapy plus G-CSF or with G-CSF alone has gained more popularity. This approach may be more cost-effective than the routine use of this drug. The changes observed in the composition of grafts after plerixafor injection may have implications for post-transplant events.