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CEACAM1 is associated with recurrence after hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastasis.

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Published:1st Dec 2017
Author: Yamaguchi S, Yokoyama S, Ueno M, Hayami S, Mitani Y, Takeuchi A et al.
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Ref.:J Surg Res. 2017;220:353-362.

Background: Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is re-expressed at the invasion front of colorectal cancer. CEACAM1 expression at metastatic sites remains to be investigated. The current study aims to clarify the association between CEACAM1 expression and recurrence after hepatectomy of colorectal liver metastasis and to address whether CEACAM1 induces tumor-initiating properties needed for growth at metastatic sites.

Methods: Immunohistochemical analyses for CEACAM1 were performed in 67 patients with liver metastasis of colorectal cancer who had undergone curative hepatectomy. The risk factors for postoperative recurrence were calculated based on a CEACAM1 cytoplasmic domain isoform at the primary tumor invasion front. To investigate the effects of CEACAM1 cytoplasmic isoforms on HT29 and HCT116 colorectal cancer cells, Western blotting for CD44 and CD133, flow cytometry for ALDH1 activity, and soft-agar colony formation assay were performed.

Results: CEACAM1 long (CEACAM1-L) and short (CEACAM1-S) cytoplasmic domain isoforms are strongly expressed on cancer cells in the liver metastases. Enhanced CEACAM1-S expression in the state of CEACAM1-L dominance at the primary tumor invasion front was an independent factor for colorectal cancer recurrence after curative hepatectomy. CEACAM1-4S-transfected HT29 and HCT116 cells had significantly higher CD44 expression and ALDH1 activity and increased the growth in anchorage-independent condition.

Conclusions: High expression of CEACAM1-S at the primary lesion invasion front is associated with recurrence and prognosis of patients with colorectal liver metastasis after curative hepatectomy. The expression of CEACAM1-4S enhances the tumor-initiating property of colorectal cancer cells.


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