Management of Atherosclerotic Carotid and Vertebral Artery Disease: 2017 Clinical Practice Guidelines of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS)
The European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS) has prepared guidelines for treating patients with atherosclerotic carotid and vertebral artery (VA) disease. This does not include non-atherosclerotic conditions such as fibromuscular dysplasia, dissection, arteritis, or trauma. Potential users include vascular surgeons, neurologists, stroke physicians, angiologists, primary care physicians, cardiologists, and interventional radiologists. Guidelines promote standards of care, based on evidence; however, they should not be viewed as the legal standard of care. This document is a “guiding principle” and care given depends on the individual patient (presentation, comorbidities, age) and treatment setting (techniques available, local expertise).