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EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of gallstones

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Last updated:11th Apr 2016

Gallstones or cholelithiasis are a major public health problem in Europe and other developed countries and affect up to 20% of the population.

Gallstone disease is the most common gastrointestinal disorder for which patients are admitted to hospitals in European countries.

The interdisciplinary care for patients with gallstone disease has advanced considerably during recent decades thanks to a growing insight into the pathophysiological mechanisms and remarkable technical developments in endoscopic and surgical procedures. In contrast, primary prevention for this common disease is still in its infancy.

The EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) on the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of gallstones aim to provide current recommendations on the following issues:
1. Prevention of gallstones
2. Diagnosis of gallbladder stones
3. Medical therapy of gallbladder stones
4. Surgical therapy of gallbladder stones
5. Diagnosis of bile duct stones
6. Endoscopic and surgical therapy of bile duct stones
7. Diagnosis and therapy of intrahepatic stones
8. Therapy of gallstones during pregnancy

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