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  • Pemetrexed PEMETREXED DISODIUM 1000 mg/40mL Zydus Pharmaceuticals USA Inc.
FDA Drug information

Pemetrexed

Read time: 6 mins
Marketing start date: 08 Dec 2022

Summary of product characteristics


Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling: Myelosuppression [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] Renal failure [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] Bullous and exfoliative skin toxicity [see Warning and Precautions ( 5.3 )] Interstitial pneumonitis [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] Radiation recall [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered as a single agent are fatigue, nausea, and anorexia. ( 6.1 ) The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed when administered with cisplatin are vomiting, neutropenia, anemia, stomatitis/pharyngitis, thrombocytopenia, and constipation. ( 6.1 ) The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed when administered in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy are fatigue/asthenia, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, decreased appetite, rash, vomiting, cough, dyspnea, and pyrexia. ( 6.1 ) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Zydus Pharmaceuticals (USA) Inc. at 1-877-993-8779 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reactions rates cannot be directly compared to rates in other clinical trials and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. In clinical trials, the most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered as a single agent, are fatigue, nausea, and anorexia. The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered in combination with cisplatin are vomiting, neutropenia, anemia, stomatitis/pharyngitis, thrombocytopenia, and constipation. The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy, are fatigue/asthenia, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, decreased appetite, rash, vomiting, cough, dyspnea, and pyrexia. Non-Squamous NSCLC First-line Treatment of Metastatic Non-squamous NSCLC with Pembrolizumab and Platinum Chemotherapy The safety of pemetrexed, in combination with pembrolizumab and investigator's choice of platinum (either carboplatin or cisplatin), was investigated in Study KEYNOTE-189, a multicenter, double-blind, randomized (2:1), active-controlled trial in patients with previously untreated, metastatic non-squamous NSCLC with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. A total of 607 patients received pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and platinum every 3 weeks for 4 cycles followed by pemetrexed and pembrolizumab (n=405), or placebo, pemetrexed, and platinum every 3 weeks for 4 cycles followed by placebo and pemetrexed (n=202). Patients with autoimmune disease that required systemic therapy within 2 years of treatment; a medical condition that required immunosuppression; or who had received more than 30 Gy of thoracic radiation within the prior 26 weeks were ineligible [see Clinical Studies ( 14.1 )] . The median duration of exposure to pemetrexed was 7.2 months (range: 1 day to 1.7 years). Seventy-two percent of patients received carboplatin. The study population characteristics were: median age of 64 years (range: 34 to 84), 49% age 65 years or older, 59% male, 94% White and 3% Asian, and 18% with history of brain metastases at baseline. Pemetrexed was discontinued for adverse reactions in 23% of patients in the pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and platinum arm. The most common adverse reactions resulting in discontinuation of pemetrexed in this arm were acute kidney injury (3%) and pneumonitis (2%). Adverse reactions leading to interruption of pemetrexed occurred in 49% of patients in the pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and platinum arm. The most common adverse reactions or laboratory abnormalities leading to interruption of pemetrexed in this arm (≥2%) were neutropenia (12%), anemia (7%), asthenia (4%), pneumonia (4%), thrombocytopenia (4%), increased blood creatinine (3%), diarrhea (3%), and fatigue (3%). Table 2 summarizes the adverse reactions that occurred in ≥20% of patients treated with pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and platinum. Table 2: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥20% of Patients in KEYNOTE-189 a Graded per NCI CTCAE version 4.03. b Includes asthenia and fatigue. c Includes genital rash, rash, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash papular, rash pruritic, and rash pustular. Pemetrexed Pembrolizumab Platinum Chemotherapy n=405 Placebo Pemetrexed Platinum Chemotherapy n=202 Adverse Reaction All Grades a (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) Gastrointestinal Disorders Nausea 56 3.5 52 3.5 Constipation 35 1.0 32 0.5 Diarrhea 31 5 21 3.0 Vomiting 24 3.7 23 3.0 General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions Fatigueb 56 12 58 6 Pyrexia 20 0.2 15 0 Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders Decreased appetite 28 1.5 30 0.5 Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders Rashc 25 2.0 17 2.5 Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders Cough 21 0 28 0 Dyspnea 21 3.7 26 5 Table 3 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities that worsened from baseline in at least 20% of patients treated with pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and platinum. Table 3: Laboratory Abnormalities Worsened from Baseline in ≥20% of Patients in KEYNOTE-189 a Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available: pemetrexed/pembrolizumab/platinum chemotherapy (range: 381 to 401 patients) and placebo/pemetrexed/platinum chemotherapy (range: 184 to 197 patients). b Graded per NCI CTCAE version 4.03. Pemetrexed Pembrolizumab Platinum Chemotherapy Placebo Pemetrexed Platinum Chemotherapy Laboratory Test a All Grades b % Grades 3-4 % All Grades % Grades 3-4 % Chemistry Hyperglycemia 63 9 60 7 Increased ALT 47 3.8 42 2.6 Increased AST 47 2.8 40 1.0 Hypoalbuminemia 39 2.8 39 1.1 Increased creatinine 37 4.2 25 1.0 Hyponatremia 32 7 23 6 Hypophosphatemia 30 10 28 14 Increased alkaline phosphatase 26 1.8 29 2.1 Hypocalcemia 24 2.8 17 0.5 Hyperkalemia 24 2.8 19 3.1 Hypokalemia 21 5 20 5 Hematology Anemia 85 17 81 18 Lymphopenia 64 22 64 25 Neutropenia 48 20 41 19 Thrombocytopenia 30 12 29 8 Initial Treatment in Combination with Cisplatin The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMDB, a randomized (1:1), open-label, multicenter trial conducted in chemotherapy-naive patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC. Patients received either pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously and cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (n=839) or gemcitabine 1250 mg/m 2 intravenously on Days 1 and 8 and cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (n=830). All patients were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B 12 . Study JMDB excluded patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS of 2 or greater), uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B 12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study. The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed plus cisplatin in 839 patients in Study JMDB. Median age was 61 years (range 26-83 years); 70% of patients were men; 78% were White, 16% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, 2.1% were Black or African American, and <1% were other ethnicities; 36% had an ECOG PS 0. Patients received a median of 5 cycles of pemetrexed. Table 4 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions that occurred in ≥5% of 839 patients receiving pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin in Study JMDB. Study JMDB was not designed to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in adverse reaction rates for pemetrexed, as compared to the control arm, for any specified adverse reaction listed in Table 4. Table 4: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Fully Vitamin-Supplemented Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Combination with Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Study JMDB a NCI CTCAE version 2.0. Adverse Reaction a Pemetrexed/Cisplatin (N=839) Gemcitabine/Cisplatin (N=830) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All adverse reactions 90 37 91 53 Laboratory Hematologic Anemia 33 6 46 10 Neutropenia 29 15 38 27 Thrombocytopenia 10 4 27 13 Renal Elevated creatinine 10 1 7 1 Clinical Constitutional symptoms Fatigue 43 7 45 5 Gastrointestinal Nausea 56 7 53 4 Vomiting 40 6 36 6 Anorexia 27 2 24 1 Constipation 21 1 20 0 Stomatitis/pharyngitis 14 1 12 0 Diarrhea 12 1 13 2 Dyspepsia/heartburn 5 0 6 0 Neurology Sensory neuropathy 9 0 12 1 Taste disturbance 8 0 9 0 Dermatology/Skin Alopecia 12 0 21 1 Rash/Desquamation 7 0 8 1 The following additional adverse reactions of pemetrexed were observed. Incidence 1% to <5% Body as a Whole — febrile neutropenia, infection, pyrexia General Disorders — dehydration Metabolism and Nutrition — increased AST, increased ALT Renal — renal failure Eye Disorder — conjunctivitis Incidence <1% Cardiovascular — arrhythmia General Disorders — chest pain Metabolism and Nutrition — increased GGT Neurology — motor neuropathy Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Non-pemetrexed Containing Platinum-Based Chemotherapy In Study JMEN, the safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in a randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled, multicenter trial conducted in patients with non-progressive locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC following four cycles of a first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients received either pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 or matching placebo intravenously every 21 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in both study arms were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B 12 . Study JMEN excluded patients with an ECOG PS of 2 or greater, uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B 12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study. The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 438 patients in Study JMEN. Median age was 61 years (range 26-83 years), 73% of patients were men; 65% were White, 31% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 39% had an ECOG PS 0. Patients received a median of 5 cycles of pemetrexed and a relative dose intensity of pemetrexed of 96%. Approximately half the patients (48%) completed at least six, 21-day cycles and 23% completed ten or more 21-day cycles of pemetrexed. Table 5 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of the 438 pemetrexed-treated patients in Study JMEN. Table 5: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Study JMEN a NCI CTCAE version 3.0. Adverse Reaction a Pemetrexed (N=438) Placebo (N=218) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All adverse reactions 66 16 37 4 Laboratory Hematologic Anemia 15 3 6 1 Neutropenia 6 3 0 0 Hepatic Increased ALT 10 0 4 0 Increased AST 8 0 4 0 Clinical Constitutional symptoms Fatigue 25 5 11 1 Gastrointestinal Nausea 19 1 6 1 Anorexia 19 2 5 0 Vomiting 9 0 1 0 Mucositis/stomatitis 7 1 2 0 Diarrhea 5 1 3 0 Infection 5 2 2 0 Neurology Sensory neuropathy 9 1 4 0 Dermatology/Skin Rash/desquamation 10 0 3 0 The requirement for transfusions (9.5% versus 3.2%), primarily red blood cell transfusions, and for erythropoiesis stimulating agents (5.9% versus 1.8%) were higher in the pemetrexed arm compared to the placebo arm. The following additional adverse reactions were observed in patients who received pemetrexed. Incidence 1% to <5% Dermatology/Skin — alopecia, pruritus/itching Gastrointestinal — constipation General Disorders — edema, fever Hematologic — thrombocytopenia Eye Disorder — ocular surface disease (including conjunctivitis), increased lacrimation Incidence <1% Cardiovascular — supraventricular arrhythmia Dermatology/Skin — erythema multiforme General Disorders — febrile neutropenia, allergic reaction/hypersensitivity Neurology — motor neuropathy Renal — renal failure Maintenance Treatment Following First-line pemetrexed Plus Platinum Chemotherapy The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in PARAMOUNT, a randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled study conducted in patients with non-squamous NSCLC with non-progressive (stable or responding disease) locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC following four cycles of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin as first-line therapy for NSCLC. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 or matching placebo intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in both study arms received folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation. PARAMOUNT excluded patients with an ECOG PS of 2 or greater, uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B 12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study. The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 333 patients in PARAMOUNT. Median age was 61 years (range 32 to 83 years); 58% of patients were men; 94% were White, 4.8% were Asian, and <1% were Black or African American; 36% had an ECOG PS 0. The median number of maintenance cycles was 4 for pemetrexed and placebo arms. Dose reductions for adverse reactions occurred in 3.3% of patients in the pemetrexed arm and 0.6% in the placebo arm. Dose delays for adverse reactions occurred in 22% of patients in the pemetrexed arm and 16% in the placebo arm. Table 6 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of the 333 pemetrexed-treated patients in PARAMOUNT. Table 6: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in PARAMOUNT a NCI CTCAE version 3.0. Adverse Reaction a Pemetrexed (N=333) Placebo (N=167) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3-4 (%) All adverse reactions 53 17 34 4.8 Laboratory Hematologic Anemia 15 4.8 4.8 0.6 Neutropenia 9 3.9 0.6 0 Clinical Constitutional symptoms Fatigue 18 4.5 11 0.6 Gastrointestinal Nausea 12 0.3 2.4 0 Vomiting 6 0 1.8 0 Mucositis/stomatitis 5 0.3 2.4 0 General disorders Edema 5 0 3.6 0 The requirement for red blood cell (13% versus 4.8%) and platelet (1.5% versus 0.6%) transfusions, erythropoiesis stimulating agents (12% versus 7%), and granulocyte colony stimulating factors (6% versus 0%) were higher in the pemetrexed arm compared to the placebo arm. The following additional Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions were observed more frequently in the pemetrexed arm. Incidence 1% to <5% Blood/Bone Marrow — thrombocytopenia General Disorders — febrile neutropenia Incidence <1% Cardiovascular — ventricular tachycardia, syncope General Disorders — pain Gastrointestinal — gastrointestinal obstruction Neurologic — depression Renal — renal failure Vascular — pulmonary embolism Treatment of Recurrent Disease After Prior Chemotherapy The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMEI, a randomized (1:1), open-label, active-controlled trial conducted in patients who had progressed following platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously or docetaxel 75 mg/m 2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. All patients on the pemetrexed arm received folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation. Study JMEI excluded patients with an ECOG PS of 3 or greater, uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to discontinue aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B 12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study. The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 265 patients in Study JMEI. Median age was 58 years (range 22 to 87 years); 73% of patients were men; 70% were White, 24% were Asian, 2.6% were Black or African American, 1.8% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 19% had an ECOG PS 0. Table 7 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of the 265 pemetrexed-treated patients in Study JMEI. Study JMEI is not designed to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in adverse reaction rates for pemetrexed, as compared to the control arm, for any specified adverse reaction listed in the Table 7 below. Table 7: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Fully Supplemented Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Study JMEI a NCI CTCAE version 2.0. Adverse Reaction a Pemetrexed (N=265) Docetaxel (N=276) All Grades (%) Grades 3-4 (%) All Grade (%) Grades 3-4 (%) Laboratory Hematologic Anemia 19 4 22 4 Neutropenia 11 5 45 40 Thrombocytopenia 8 2 1 0 Hepatic Increased ALT 8 2 1 0 Increased AST 7 1 1 0 Clinical Gastrointestinal Nausea 31 3 17 2 Anorexia 22 2 24 3 Vomiting 16 2 12 1 Stomatitis/pharyngitis 15 1 17 1 Diarrhea 13 0 24 3 Constipation 6 0 4 0 Constitutional symptoms Fatigue 34 5 36 5 Fever 8 0 8 0 Dermatology/Skin Rash/desquamation 14 0 6 0 Pruritus 7 0 2 0 Alopecia 6 1 38 2 The following additional adverse reactions were observed in patients assigned to receive pemetrexed. Incidence 1% to <5% Body as a Whole — abdominal pain, allergic reaction/hypersensitivity, febrile neutropenia, infection Dermatology/Skin — erythema multiforme Neurology — motor neuropathy, sensory neuropathy Incidence <1% Cardiovascular — supraventricular arrhythmias Renal — renal failure Mesothelioma The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMCH, a randomized (1:1), single-blind study conducted in patients with MPM who had received no prior chemotherapy for MPM. Patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously in combination with cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle or cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle administered until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Safety was assessed in 226 patients who received at least one dose of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 222 patients who received at least one dose of cisplatin alone. Among 226 patients who received pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin, 74% (n=168) received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 during study therapy, 14% (n=32) were never supplemented, and 12% (n=26) were partially supplemented. Study JMCH excluded patients with Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) of less than 70, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were also excluded from the study. The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 168 patients that were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B 12 . Median age was 60 years (range 19 to 85 years); 82% were men; 92% were White, 5% were Hispanic or Latino, 3.0% were Asian, and <1% were other ethnicities; 54% had KPS of 90-100. The median number of treatment cycles administered was 6 in the pemetrexed/cisplatin fully supplemented group and 2 in the pemetrexed/cisplatin never supplemented group. Patients receiving pemetrexed in the fully supplemented group had a relative dose intensity of 93% of the protocol-specified pemetrexed dose intensity. The most common adverse reaction resulting in dose delay was neutropenia. Table 8 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions ≥5% in the subgroup of pemetrexed-treated patients who were fully vitamin supplemented in Study JMCH. Study JMCH was not designed to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in adverse reaction rates for pemetrexed, as compared to the control arm, for any specified adverse reaction listed in the table below. Table 8: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Fully Supplemented Subgroup of Patients Receiving Pemetrexed/Cisplatin in Study JMCH a a In Study JMCH, 226 patients received at least one dose of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 222 patients received at least one dose of cisplatin. Table 8 provides the ADRs for subgroup of patients treated with pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin (168 patients) or cisplatin alone (163 patients) who received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 during study therapy. b NCI CTCAE version 2.0. Adverse Reaction b Pemetrexed/cisplatin (N=168) Cisplatin (N=163) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) Laboratory Hematologic Neutropenia 56 23 13 3 Anemia 26 4 10 0 Thrombocytopenia 23 5 9 0 Renal Elevated creatinine 11 1 10 1 Decreased creatinine clearance 16 1 18 2 Clinical Eye Disorder Conjunctivitis 5 0 1 0 Gastrointestinal Nausea 82 12 77 6 Vomiting 57 11 50 4 Stomatitis/pharyngitis 23 3 6 0 Anorexia 20 1 14 1 Diarrhea 17 4 8 0 Constipation 12 1 7 1 Dyspepsia 5 1 1 0 Constitutional Symptoms Fatigue 48 10 42 9 Metabolism and Nutrition Dehydration 7 4 1 1 Neurology Sensory neuropathy 10 0 10 1 Taste disturbance 8 0 6 0 Dermatology/Skin Rash 16 1 5 0 Alopecia 11 0 6 0 The following additional adverse reactions were observed in patients receiving pemetrexed plus cisplatin: Incidence 1% to <5% Body as a Whole — febrile neutropenia, infection, pyrexia Dermatology/Skin — urticaria General Disorders — chest pain Metabolism and Nutrition — increased AST, increased ALT, increased GGT Renal — renal failure Incidence <1% Cardiovascular — arrhythmia Neurology — motor neuropathy Exploratory Subgroup Analyses based on Vitamin Supplementation Table 9 provides the results of exploratory analyses of the frequency and severity of NCI CTCAE Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions reported in more pemetrexed-treated patients who did not receive vitamin supplementation (never supplemented) as compared with those who received vitamin supplementation with daily folic acid and vitamin B 12 from the time of enrollment in Study JMCH (fully-supplemented). Table 9: Exploratory Subgroup Analysis of Selected Grade 3/4 Adverse Reactions Occurring in Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Combination with Cisplatin with or without Full Vitamin Supplementation in Study JMCH a a NCI CTCAE version 2.0. Grade 3-4 Adverse Reactions Fully Supplemented Patients N=168 (%) Never Supplemented Patients N=32 (%) Neutropenia 23 38 Thrombocytopenia 5 9 Vomiting 11 31 Febrile neutropenia 1 9 Infection with Grade 3/4 neutropenia 0 6 Diarrhea 4 9 The following adverse reactions occurred more frequently in patients who were fully vitamin supplemented than in patients who were never supplemented: hypertension (11% versus 3%), chest pain (8% versus 6%), thrombosis/embolism (6% versus 3%). Additional Experience Across Clinical Trials Sepsis, with or without neutropenia, including fatal cases : 1% Severe esophagitis, resulting in hospitalization: <1% 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of pemetrexed. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Blood and Lymphatic System — immune-mediated hemolytic anemia Gastrointestinal — colitis, pancreatitis General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions — edema Injury, poisoning, and procedural complications — radiation recall Respiratory — interstitial pneumonitis Skin — Serious and fatal bullous skin conditions, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Pemetrexed is contraindicated in patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to pemetrexed [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )]. History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to pemetrexed.

Description

11 DESCRIPTION Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor. The drug substance, pemetrexed disodium 2.5 hydrate, has the chemical name N-[4-[2-(2-amino-4,7-dihydro-4-oxo-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-yl)ethyl]benzoyl-L-glutamic acid, disodium salt, dihydrate and hemihydrate with a molecular formula of C 20 H 19 N 5 Na 2 O 6 •2.5H 2 O and a molecular weight of 516.41. The structural formula is as follows: Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a sterile white to either light yellow or green-yellow lyophilized powder or cake in single-dose vials to be reconstituted for intravenous infusion. Each 100-mg vial of pemetrexed for injection, USP contains 100 mg pemetrexed (equivalent to 110.28 mg pemetrexed disodium) and 106 mg mannitol USP. Each 500-mg vial of pemetrexed for injection, USP contains 500 mg pemetrexed (equivalent to 551.4 mg pemetrexed disodium) and 500 mg mannitol USP. Each 1000-mg vial of pemetrexed for injection, USP contains 1000 mg pemetrexed (equivalent to 1102.8 mg pemetrexed disodium) and 1000 mg mannitol USP. Hydrochloric acid NF and/or sodium hydroxide NF may have been added to adjust pH. Image

Dosage And Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP administered with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m 2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes, administered after pembrolizumab and prior to platinum chemotherapy, on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. ( 2.1 ) The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP, administered as a single agent or with cisplatin, in patients with creatinine clearance of 45 mL/minute or greater is 500 mg/m 2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. ( 2.1 , 2.2 ) Initiate folic acid 400 mcg to 1000 mcg orally, once daily, beginning 7 days prior to the first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and continue until 21 days after the last dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP. ( 2.4 ) Administer vitamin B 12 , 1 mg intramuscularly, 1 week prior to the first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and every 3 cycles. ( 2.4 ) Administer dexamethasone 4 mg orally, twice daily the day before, the day of, and the day after pemetrexed for injection, USP administration. ( 2.4 ) 2.1 Recommended Dosage for Non-Squamous NSCLC The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP when administered with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy for the initial treatment of metastatic non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m 2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes administered after pembrolizumab and prior to carboplatin or cisplatin on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 4 cycles. Following completion of platinum-based therapy, treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP with or without pembrolizumab is administered until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Please refer to the full prescribing information for pembrolizumab and for carboplatin or cisplatin. The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP when administered with cisplatin for initial treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m 2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes administered prior to cisplatin on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for up to six cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP for maintenance treatment of non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m 2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity after four cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy. The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP for treatment of recurrent non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m 2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. 2.2 Recommended Dosage for Mesothelioma The recommended dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP when administered with cisplatin in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. 2.3 Renal Impairment Pemetrexed for injection, USP dosing recommendations are provided for patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.1 , 2.2 )] . There is no recommended dose for patients whose creatinine clearance is less than 45 mL/min [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.6 )]. 2.4 Premedication and Concomitant Medications to Mitigate Toxicity Vitamin Supplementation Initiate folic acid 400 mcg to 1000 mcg orally once daily, beginning 7 days before the first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and continuing until 21 days after the last dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . Administer vitamin B 12 , 1 mg intramuscularly, 1 week prior to the first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and every 3 cycles thereafter. Subsequent vitamin B 12 injections may be given the same day as treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . Do not substitute oral vitamin B 12 for intramuscular vitamin B 12 . Corticosteroids Administer dexamethasone 4 mg orally twice daily for three consecutive days, beginning the day before each pemetrexed for injection, USP administration. 2.5 Dosage Modification of Ibuprofen in Patients with Mild to Moderate Renal Impairment Receiving Pemetrexed for Injection, USP In patients with creatinine clearances between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min, modify administration of ibuprofen as follows [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 ), Drug Interactions ( 7 ) and Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3 )] : Avoid administration of ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of pemetrexed for injection, USP. Monitor patients more frequently for myelosuppression, renal, and gastrointestinal toxicity, if concomitant administration of ibuprofen cannot be avoided. 2.6 Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions Obtain complete blood count on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each cycle. Assess creatinine clearance prior to each cycle. Do not administer pemetrexed for injection, USP if the creatinine clearance is less than 45 mL/min. Delay initiation of the next cycle of pemetrexed for injection, USP until: recovery of non-hematologic toxicity to Grade 0-2, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) is 1500 cells/mm 3 or higher, and platelet count is 100,000 cells/mm 3 or higher. Upon recovery, modify the dosage of pemetrexed for injection, USP in the next cycle as specified in Table 1. For dosing modifications for cisplatin, carboplatin, or pembrolizumab, refer to their prescribing information. Table 1: Recommended Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions a National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 2 (NCI CTCAE v2). Toxicity in Most Recent Treatment Cycle Pemetrexed for Injection, USP Dose Modification for Next Cycle Myelosuppressive toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] ANC less than 500/mm 3 and platelets greater than or equal to 50,000/mm 3 OR Platelet count less than 50,000/mm 3 without bleeding. 75% of previous dose Platelet count less than 50,000/mm 3 with bleeding 50% of previous dose Recurrent Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression after 2 dose reductions Discontinue Non-hematologic toxicity Any Grade 3 or 4 toxicities EXCEPT mucositis or neurologic toxicity OR Diarrhea requiring hospitalization 75% of previous dose Grade 3 or 4 mucositis 50% of previous dose Renal toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] Withhold until creatinine clearance is 45 mL/min or greater Grade 3 or 4 neurologic toxicity Permanently discontinue Recurrent Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity after 2 dose reductions Permanently discontinue Severe and life-threatening Skin Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] Permanently discontinue Interstitial Pneumonitis [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] Permanently discontinue 2.7 Preparation for Administration Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. 1 Calculate the dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and determine the number of vials needed. Reconstitute pemetrexed for injection, USP to achieve a concentration of 25 mg/mL as follows: Reconstitute each 100-mg vial with 4.2 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free) Reconstitute each 500-mg vial with 20 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free) Reconstitute each 1000-mg vial with 40 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free) Do not use calcium-containing solutions for reconstitution. Gently swirl each vial until the powder or cake is completely dissolved. The resulting solution is clear and ranges in color from colorless to yellow or green-yellow. FURTHER DILUTION IS REQUIRED prior to administration. Store reconstituted, preservative-free product under refrigerated conditions [2-8°C (36-46°F)] for no longer than 24 hours from the time of reconstitution. Discard vial after 24 hours. Inspect reconstituted product visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to further dilution. If particulate matter is observed, discard vial. Withdraw the calculated dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP from the vial(s) and discard vial with any unused portion. Further dilute pemetrexed for injection, USP with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection (preservative-free) to achieve a total volume of 100 mL for intravenous infusion. Store diluted, reconstituted product under refrigerated conditions [2-8°C (36-46°F)] for no more than 24 hours from the time of reconstitution. Discard after 24 hours.

Indications And Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor indicated: in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy, for the initial treatment of patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. ( 1.1 ) in combination with cisplatin for the initial treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ( 1.1 ) as a single agent for the maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous NSCLC whose disease has not progressed after four cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy. ( 1.1 ) as a single agent for the treatment of patients with recurrent, metastatic non-squamous, NSCLC after prior chemotherapy. ( 1.1 ) Limitations of Use : Pemetrexed for injection, USP is not indicated for the treatment of patients with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer. ( 1.1 ) initial treatment, in combination with cisplatin, of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma whose disease is unresectable or who are otherwise not candidates for curative surgery. ( 1.2 ) 1.1 Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Pemetrexed for injection, USP is indicated: in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy, for the initial treatment of patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. in combination with cisplatin for the initial treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). as a single agent for the maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous NSCLC whose disease has not progressed after four cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy. as a single agent for the treatment of patients with recurrent, metastatic non-squamous, NSCLC after prior chemotherapy. Limitations of Use : Pemetrexed for injection, USP is not indicated for the treatment of patients with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer [see Clinical Studies ( 14.1 )]. 1.2 Mesothelioma Pemetrexed for injection, USP is indicated, in combination with cisplatin, for the initial treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma whose disease is unresectable or who are otherwise not candidates for curative surgery.

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE No drugs are approved for the treatment of pemetrexed overdose. Based on animal studies, administration of leucovorin may mitigate the toxicities of pemetrexed overdosage. It is not known whether pemetrexed is dialyzable.

Adverse Reactions Table

a Graded per NCI CTCAE version 4.03.

b Includes asthenia and fatigue.

c Includes genital rash, rash, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash papular, rash pruritic, and rash pustular.

Pemetrexed Pembrolizumab Platinum Chemotherapy n=405 Placebo Pemetrexed Platinum Chemotherapy n=202
Adverse Reaction All Gradesa (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%)
Gastrointestinal Disorders
Nausea 56 3.5 52 3.5
Constipation 35 1.0 32 0.5
Diarrhea 31 5 21 3.0
Vomiting 24 3.7 23 3.0
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
Fatigueb 56 12 58 6
Pyrexia 20 0.2 15 0
Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders
Decreased appetite 28 1.5 30 0.5
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
Rashc 25 2.0 17 2.5
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders
Cough 21 0 28 0
Dyspnea 21 3.7 26 5

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Effects of Ibuprofen on Pemetrexed Ibuprofen increases exposure (AUC) of pemetrexed [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3 )] . In patients with creatinine clearance between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min: Avoid administration of ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of pemetrexed [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.5 )] . Monitor patients more frequently for myelosuppression, renal, and gastrointestinal toxicity, if concomitant administration of ibuprofen cannot be avoided. Ibuprofen increased risk of pemetrexed toxicity in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment. Modify the ibuprofen dosage as recommended for patients with a creatinine clearance between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min. ( 2.5 , 5.6 , 7 )

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action Pemetrexed is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor that disrupts folate-dependent metabolic processes essential for cell replication. In vitro studies show that pemetrexed inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase, and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), which are folate-dependent enzymes involved in the de novo biosynthesis of thymidine and purine nucleotides. Pemetrexed is taken into cells by membrane carriers such as the reduced folate carrier and membrane folate binding protein transport systems. Once in the cell, pemetrexed is converted to polyglutamate forms by the enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase. The polyglutamate forms are retained in cells and are inhibitors of TS and GARFT. 12.2 Pharmacodynamics Pemetrexed inhibited the in vitro growth of mesothelioma cell lines (MSTO-211H, NCI-H2052) and showed synergistic effects when combined with cisplatin. Based on population pharmacodynamic analyses, the depth of the absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) nadir correlates with the systemic exposure to pemetrexed and supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 . There is no cumulative effect of pemetrexed exposure on ANC nadir over multiple treatment cycles. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics Absorption The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed when pemetrexed was administered as a single agent in doses ranging from 0.2 to 838 mg/m 2 infused over a 10-minute period have been evaluated in 426 cancer patients with a variety of solid tumors. Pemetrexed total systemic exposure (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (C max ) increased proportionally with increase of dose. The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed did not change over multiple treatment cycles. Distribution Pemetrexed has a steady-state volume of distribution of 16.1 liters. In vitro studies indicated that pemetrexed is 81% bound to plasma proteins. Elimination The total systemic clearance of pemetrexed is 91.8 mL/min and the elimination half-life of pemetrexed is 3.5 hours in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance of 90 mL/min). As renal function decreases, the clearance of pemetrexed decreases and exposure (AUC) of pemetrexed increases. Metabolism Pemetrexed is not metabolized to an appreciable extent. Excretion Pemetrexed is primarily eliminated in the urine, with 70% to 90% of the dose recovered unchanged within the first 24 hours following administration. In vitro studies indicated that pemetrexed is a substrate of OAT3 (organic anion transporter 3), a transporter that is involved in the active secretion of pemetrexed. Specific Populations Age (26 to 80 years) and sex had no clinically meaningful effect on the systemic exposure of pemetrexed based on population pharmacokinetic analyses. Racial Groups The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were similar in Whites and Blacks or African Americans. Insufficient data are available for other ethnic groups. Patients with Hepatic Impairment Pemetrexed has not been formally studied in patients with hepatic impairment. No effect of elevated AST, ALT, or total bilirubin on the PK of pemetrexed was observed in clinical studies. Patients with Renal Impairment Pharmacokinetic analyses of pemetrexed included 127 patients with impaired renal function. Plasma clearance of pemetrexed decreases as renal function decreases, with a resultant increase in systemic exposure. Patients with creatinine clearances of 45, 50, and 80 mL/min had 65%, 54%, and 13% increases, respectively in systemic exposure (AUC) compared to patients with creatinine clearance of 100 mL/min [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.3 ) and Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] . Third-Space Fluid The pemetrexed plasma concentrations in patients with various solid tumors with stable, mild to moderate third-space fluid were comparable to those observed in patients without third space fluid collections. The effect of severe third space fluid on pharmacokinetics is not known. Drug Interaction Studies Drugs Inhibiting OAT3 Transporter Ibuprofen, an OAT3 inhibitor, administered at 400 mg four times a day decreased the clearance of pemetrexed and increased its exposure (AUC) by approximately 20% in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance >80 mL/min). In Vitro Studies Pemetrexed is a substrate for OAT3. Ibuprofen, an OAT3 inhibitor inhibited the uptake of pemetrexed in OAT3-expressing cell cultures with an average [I u ]/IC 50 ratio of 0.38. In vitro data predict that at clinically relevant concentrations, other NSAIDs (naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib) would not inhibit the uptake of pemetrexed by OAT3 and would not increase the AUC of pemetrexed to a clinically significant extent. [see Drug Interactions ( 7 )] . Pemetrexed is a substrate for OAT4. In vitro, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs (naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib) are not inhibitors of OAT4 at clinically relevant concentrations. Aspirin Aspirin, administered in low to moderate doses (325 mg every 6 hours), does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. Cisplatin Cisplatin does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed and the pharmacokinetics of total platinum are unaltered by pemetrexed. Vitamins Neither folic acid nor vitamin B 12 affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. Drugs Metabolized by Cytochrome P450 Enzymes In vitro studies suggest that pemetrexed does not inhibit the clearance of drugs metabolized by CYP3A, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP1A2.

Mechanism Of Action

12.1 Mechanism of Action Pemetrexed is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor that disrupts folate-dependent metabolic processes essential for cell replication. In vitro studies show that pemetrexed inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase, and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), which are folate-dependent enzymes involved in the de novo biosynthesis of thymidine and purine nucleotides. Pemetrexed is taken into cells by membrane carriers such as the reduced folate carrier and membrane folate binding protein transport systems. Once in the cell, pemetrexed is converted to polyglutamate forms by the enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase. The polyglutamate forms are retained in cells and are inhibitors of TS and GARFT.

Pharmacodynamics

12.2 Pharmacodynamics Pemetrexed inhibited the in vitro growth of mesothelioma cell lines (MSTO-211H, NCI-H2052) and showed synergistic effects when combined with cisplatin. Based on population pharmacodynamic analyses, the depth of the absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) nadir correlates with the systemic exposure to pemetrexed and supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 . There is no cumulative effect of pemetrexed exposure on ANC nadir over multiple treatment cycles.

Pharmacokinetics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics Absorption The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed when pemetrexed was administered as a single agent in doses ranging from 0.2 to 838 mg/m 2 infused over a 10-minute period have been evaluated in 426 cancer patients with a variety of solid tumors. Pemetrexed total systemic exposure (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (C max ) increased proportionally with increase of dose. The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed did not change over multiple treatment cycles. Distribution Pemetrexed has a steady-state volume of distribution of 16.1 liters. In vitro studies indicated that pemetrexed is 81% bound to plasma proteins. Elimination The total systemic clearance of pemetrexed is 91.8 mL/min and the elimination half-life of pemetrexed is 3.5 hours in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance of 90 mL/min). As renal function decreases, the clearance of pemetrexed decreases and exposure (AUC) of pemetrexed increases. Metabolism Pemetrexed is not metabolized to an appreciable extent. Excretion Pemetrexed is primarily eliminated in the urine, with 70% to 90% of the dose recovered unchanged within the first 24 hours following administration. In vitro studies indicated that pemetrexed is a substrate of OAT3 (organic anion transporter 3), a transporter that is involved in the active secretion of pemetrexed. Specific Populations Age (26 to 80 years) and sex had no clinically meaningful effect on the systemic exposure of pemetrexed based on population pharmacokinetic analyses. Racial Groups The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were similar in Whites and Blacks or African Americans. Insufficient data are available for other ethnic groups. Patients with Hepatic Impairment Pemetrexed has not been formally studied in patients with hepatic impairment. No effect of elevated AST, ALT, or total bilirubin on the PK of pemetrexed was observed in clinical studies. Patients with Renal Impairment Pharmacokinetic analyses of pemetrexed included 127 patients with impaired renal function. Plasma clearance of pemetrexed decreases as renal function decreases, with a resultant increase in systemic exposure. Patients with creatinine clearances of 45, 50, and 80 mL/min had 65%, 54%, and 13% increases, respectively in systemic exposure (AUC) compared to patients with creatinine clearance of 100 mL/min [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.3 ) and Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] . Third-Space Fluid The pemetrexed plasma concentrations in patients with various solid tumors with stable, mild to moderate third-space fluid were comparable to those observed in patients without third space fluid collections. The effect of severe third space fluid on pharmacokinetics is not known. Drug Interaction Studies Drugs Inhibiting OAT3 Transporter Ibuprofen, an OAT3 inhibitor, administered at 400 mg four times a day decreased the clearance of pemetrexed and increased its exposure (AUC) by approximately 20% in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance >80 mL/min). In Vitro Studies Pemetrexed is a substrate for OAT3. Ibuprofen, an OAT3 inhibitor inhibited the uptake of pemetrexed in OAT3-expressing cell cultures with an average [I u ]/IC 50 ratio of 0.38. In vitro data predict that at clinically relevant concentrations, other NSAIDs (naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib) would not inhibit the uptake of pemetrexed by OAT3 and would not increase the AUC of pemetrexed to a clinically significant extent. [see Drug Interactions ( 7 )] . Pemetrexed is a substrate for OAT4. In vitro, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs (naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib) are not inhibitors of OAT4 at clinically relevant concentrations. Aspirin Aspirin, administered in low to moderate doses (325 mg every 6 hours), does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. Cisplatin Cisplatin does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed and the pharmacokinetics of total platinum are unaltered by pemetrexed. Vitamins Neither folic acid nor vitamin B 12 affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. Drugs Metabolized by Cytochrome P450 Enzymes In vitro studies suggest that pemetrexed does not inhibit the clearance of drugs metabolized by CYP3A, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP1A2.

Effective Time

20220526

Version

1

Dosage And Administration Table

National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 2 (NCI CTCAE v2).

Toxicity in Most Recent Treatment Cycle Pemetrexed for Injection, USP Dose Modification for Next Cycle
Myelosuppressive toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
ANC less than 500/mm3and platelets greater than or equal to 50,000/mm3 OR Platelet count less than 50,000/mm3 without bleeding. 75% of previous dose
Platelet count less than 50,000/mm3 with bleeding 50% of previous dose
Recurrent Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression after 2 dose reductions Discontinue
Non-hematologic toxicity
Any Grade 3 or 4 toxicities EXCEPT mucositis or neurologic toxicity OR Diarrhea requiring hospitalization 75% of previous dose
Grade 3 or 4 mucositis 50% of previous dose
Renal toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Withhold until creatinine clearance is 45 mL/min or greater
Grade 3 or 4 neurologic toxicity Permanently discontinue
Recurrent Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity after 2 dose reductions Permanently discontinue
Severe and life-threatening Skin Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Permanently discontinue
Interstitial Pneumonitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Permanently discontinue

Dosage Forms And Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS For injection: 100 mg, 500 mg or 1000 mg pemetrexed as a white to either light-yellow or green-yellow lyophilized powder or cake in single-dose vials for reconstitution. For Injection: 100 mg, 500 mg or 1000 mg lyophilized powder or cake in single-dose vial.

Spl Product Data Elements

pemetrexed pemetrexed disodium PEMETREXED DISODIUM PEMETREXED MANNITOL HYDROCHLORIC ACID SODIUM HYDROXIDE pemetrexed pemetrexed disodium PEMETREXED DISODIUM PEMETREXED MANNITOL HYDROCHLORIC ACID SODIUM HYDROXIDE pemetrexed pemetrexed disodium PEMETREXED DISODIUM PEMETREXED MANNITOL HYDROCHLORIC ACID SODIUM HYDROXIDE

Carcinogenesis And Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility No carcinogenicity studies have been conducted with pemetrexed. Pemetrexed was clastogenic in an in vivo micronucleus assay in mouse bone marrow but was not mutagenic in multiple in vitro tests (Ames assay, Chinese Hamster Ovary cell assay). Pemetrexed administered intraperitoneally at doses of ≥0.1 mg/kg/day to male mice (approximately 0.006 times the recommended human dose based on BSA) resulted in reduced fertility, hypospermia, and testicular atrophy.

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility No carcinogenicity studies have been conducted with pemetrexed. Pemetrexed was clastogenic in an in vivo micronucleus assay in mouse bone marrow but was not mutagenic in multiple in vitro tests (Ames assay, Chinese Hamster Ovary cell assay). Pemetrexed administered intraperitoneally at doses of ≥0.1 mg/kg/day to male mice (approximately 0.006 times the recommended human dose based on BSA) resulted in reduced fertility, hypospermia, and testicular atrophy.

Application Number

ANDA214073

Brand Name

Pemetrexed

Generic Name

pemetrexed disodium

Product Ndc

70710-1674

Product Type

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Route

INTRAVENOUS

Package Label Principal Display Panel

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 mg/vial - Label NDC 70710-1654-1 Pemetrexed for Injection, USP 100 mg/vial For intravenous use only. Single-Dose Vial Rx only PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 mg/vial - Carton NDC 70710-1654-1 Pemetrexed for Injection, USP 100 mg/vial For intravenous use only. One Single-Dose Vial Rx only zydus pharmaceuticals PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 500 mg/vial - Label NDC 70710-1655-1 Pemetrexed for Injection, USP 500 mg/vial For intravenous use only. Single-Dose Vial Rx only PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 500 mg/vial - Carton NDC 70710-1655-1 Pemetrexed for Injection, USP 500 mg/vial For intravenous use only. One Single-Dose Vial Rx only zydus pharmaceuticals PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1000 mg/vial - Label NDC 70710-1674-1 Pemetrexed for Injection, USP 1000 mg/vial For intravenous use only. Single-Dose Vial Rx only PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1000 mg/vial - Carton NDC 70710-1674-1 Pemetrexed for Injection, USP 1000 mg/vial For intravenous use only. One Single-Dose Vial Rx only zydus pharmaceuticals 100 mg container label 100 mg carton label 500 mg container label 500 mg carton label 1000 mg Container Label 1000 mg carton label

Information For Patients

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information). Premedication and Concomitant Medication : Instruct patients to take folic acid as directed and to keep appointments for vitamin B 12 injections to reduce the risk of treatment-related toxicity. Instruct patients of the requirement to take corticosteroids to reduce the risks of treatment-related toxicity [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ) and Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 ) ]. Myelosuppression : Inform patients of the risk of low blood cell counts and instruct them to immediately contact their physician for signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or symptoms of anemia [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . Renal Failure : Inform patients of the risks of renal failure, which may be exacerbated in patients with dehydration arising from severe vomiting or diarrhea. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for a decrease in urine output [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] . Bullous and Exfoliative Skin Disorders : Inform patients of the risks of severe and exfoliative skin disorders. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of bullous lesions or exfoliation in the skin or mucous membranes [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] . Interstitial Pneumonitis : Inform patients of the risks of pneumonitis. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of dyspnea or persistent cough [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] . Radiation Recall : Inform patients who have received prior radiation of the risks of radiation recall. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of inflammation or blisters in an area that was previously irradiated [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] . Increased Risk of Toxicity with Ibuprofen in Patients with Renal Impairment : Advise patients with mild to moderate renal impairment of the risks associated with concomitant ibuprofen use and instruct them to avoid use of all ibuprofen containing products for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of pemetrexed [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.5 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 ), and Drug Interactions ( 7 )] . Embryo-Fetal Toxicity : Advise females of reproductive potential and males with female partners of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 ) and Use in Specific Populations ( 8.1 )] . Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with pemetrexed and for 6 months after the final dose. Advise females to inform their prescriber of a known or suspected pregnancy. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with pemetrexed and for 3 months after the final dose [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 ) and Use in Specific Populations ( 8.3 )] . Lactation : Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with pemetrexed and for 1 week after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.2 )] . Manufactured by: Zydus Hospira Oncology Private Limited Ahmedabad, India Distributed by: Zydus Pharmaceuticals (USA) Inc. Pennington, NJ 08534 Rev.: 02/22 PATIENT INFORMATION Pemetrexed (pem" e trex' ed) for Injection, USP What is pemetrexed for injection, USP? Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a prescription medicine used to treat: • a kind of lung cancer called non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) . Pemetrexed for injection, USP is used: • as the first treatment in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy when your lung cancer with no abnormal EGFR or ALK gene has spread (advanced NSCLC). • as the first treatment in combination with cisplatin when your lung cancer has spread (advanced NSCLC). • alone as maintenance treatment after you have received 4 cycles of chemotherapy that contains platinum for first treatment of your advanced NSCLC and your cancer has not progressed. • alone when your lung cancer has returned or spread after prior chemotherapy. • a kind of cancer called malignant pleural mesothelioma . This cancer affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Pemetrexed for injection, USP is used in combination with cisplatin as the first treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma that cannot be removed by surgery or you are not able to have surgery. It is not known if pemetrexed for injection, USP is safe and effective in children. Do not take pemetrexed for injection, USP: if you have had a severe allergic reaction to any medicine that contains pemetrexed. Before taking pemetrexed for injection, USP, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you: • have kidney problems. • have had radiation therapy. • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Pemetrexed for injection, USP can harm your unborn baby. • Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP and for 6 months after the final dose. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP and for 3 months after the final dose. • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if pemetrexed for injection, USP passes into breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP and for 1 week after the final dose. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take , including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Tell your healthcare provider if you have kidney problems and take a medicine that contains ibuprofen . You should avoid taking ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days after receiving treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. How is pemetrexed for injection, USP given? • It is very important to take folic acid and vitamin B 12 during your treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP to lower your risk of harmful side effects. • Take folic acid exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider 1 time a day, beginning 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and continue taking folic acid until 21 days (3 weeks) after your last dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Your healthcare provider will give you vitamin B 12 injections during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. You will get your first vitamin B 12 injection 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP, and then every 3 cycles. • Your healthcare provider will prescribe a medicine called corticosteroid for you to take 2 times a day for 3 days, beginning the day before each treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Pemetrexed for injection, USP is given to you by intravenous (IV) infusion into your vein. The infusion is given over 10 minutes. • Pemetrexed for injection, USP is usually given once every 21 days (3 weeks). What are the possible side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP? P emetrexed for injection, USP can cause serious side effects, including: • Low blood cell counts. Low blood cell counts can be severe, including low white blood cell counts (neutropenia), low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), and low red blood cell counts (anemia). Your healthcare provider will do a blood test to check your blood cell counts regularly during your treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or severe tiredness during your treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Kidney problems, including kidney failure. Pemetrexed for injection, USP can cause severe kidney problems that can lead to death. Severe vomiting or diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids (dehydration) which may cause kidney problems to become worse. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a decrease in amount of urine. • Severe skin reactions. Severe skin reactions that may lead to death can happen with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop blisters, skin sores, skin peeling, or painful sores, or ulcers in your mouth, nose, throat or genital area. • Lung problems (pneumonitis). Pemetrexed for injection, USP can cause serious lung problems that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any new or worsening symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, or fever. • Radiation recall. Radiation recall is a skin reaction that can happen in people who have received radiation treatment in the past and are treated with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Tell your healthcare provider if you get swelling, blistering, or a rash that looks like a sunburn in an area that was previously treated with radiation. The most common side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP when given alone are: • tiredness • nausea • loss of appetite The most common side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP when given with cisplatin are: • vomiting • swelling or sores in your mouth or sore throat • constipation • low white blood cell counts (neutropenia) • low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia) • low red blood cell counts (anemia) The most common side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP when given with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy are: • tiredness/weakness • constipation • loss of appetite • vomiting • shortness of breath • nausea • diarrhea • rash • cough • fever Pemetrexed for injection, USP may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. It is not known if these effects are reversible. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you. Your healthcare provider will do blood test to check for side effects during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP, delay treatment, or stop treatment if you have certain side effects. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Zydus Pharmaceuticals (USA) Inc. at 1-877-993-8779. General information about the safe and effective use of pemetrexed for injection, USP. Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about pemetrexed for injection, USP that is written for health professionals. What are the ingredients in pemetrexed for injection, USP? Active ingredient: pemetrexed Inactive ingredients: mannitol USP, hydrochloric acid NF and/or sodium hydroxide NF may have been added to adjust pH. Manufactured by: Zydus Hospira Oncology Private Limited, Ahmedabad, India Distributed by: Zydus Pharmaceuticals (USA) Inc., Pennington, NJ 08534. For more information, go to www.zydususa.com or call 1-877-993-8779. This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Revised: September 2021

Information For Patients Table

PATIENT INFORMATION Pemetrexed (pem" e trex' ed) for Injection, USP
What is pemetrexed for injection, USP? Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a prescription medicine used to treat: • a kind of lung cancer called non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) . Pemetrexed for injection, USP is used: • as the first treatment in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy when your lung cancer with no abnormal EGFR or ALK gene has spread (advanced NSCLC). • as the first treatment in combination with cisplatin when your lung cancer has spread (advanced NSCLC). • alone as maintenance treatment after you have received 4 cycles of chemotherapy that contains platinum for first treatment of your advanced NSCLC and your cancer has not progressed. • alone when your lung cancer has returned or spread after prior chemotherapy. • a kind of cancer called malignant pleural mesothelioma . This cancer affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Pemetrexed for injection, USP is used in combination with cisplatin as the first treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma that cannot be removed by surgery or you are not able to have surgery. It is not known if pemetrexed for injection, USP is safe and effective in children.
Do not take pemetrexed for injection, USP: if you have had a severe allergic reaction to any medicine that contains pemetrexed.
Before taking pemetrexed for injection, USP, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you: • have kidney problems. • have had radiation therapy. • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Pemetrexed for injection, USP can harm your unborn baby. • Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP and for 6 months after the final dose. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP and for 3 months after the final dose. • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if pemetrexed for injection, USP passes into breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP and for 1 week after the final dose. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take , including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Tell your healthcare provider if you have kidney problems and take a medicine that contains ibuprofen . You should avoid taking ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days after receiving treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP.
How is pemetrexed for injection, USP given? • It is very important to take folic acid and vitamin B12 during your treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP to lower your risk of harmful side effects. • Take folic acid exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider 1 time a day, beginning 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP and continue taking folic acid until 21 days (3 weeks) after your last dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Your healthcare provider will give you vitamin B12 injections during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. You will get your first vitamin B12 injection 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP, and then every 3 cycles. • Your healthcare provider will prescribe a medicine called corticosteroid for you to take 2 times a day for 3 days, beginning the day before each treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. • Pemetrexed for injection, USP is given to you by intravenous (IV) infusion into your vein. The infusion is given over 10 minutes. • Pemetrexed for injection, USP is usually given once every 21 days (3 weeks).
What are the possible side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP? P emetrexed for injection, USP can cause serious side effects, including: Low blood cell counts. Low blood cell counts can be severe, including low white blood cell counts (neutropenia), low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), and low red blood cell counts (anemia). Your healthcare provider will do a blood test to check your blood cell counts regularly during your treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or severe tiredness during your treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Kidney problems, including kidney failure. Pemetrexed for injection, USP can cause severe kidney problems that can lead to death. Severe vomiting or diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids (dehydration) which may cause kidney problems to become worse. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a decrease in amount of urine. • Severe skin reactions. Severe skin reactions that may lead to death can happen with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop blisters, skin sores, skin peeling, or painful sores, or ulcers in your mouth, nose, throat or genital area. • Lung problems (pneumonitis). Pemetrexed for injection, USP can cause serious lung problems that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any new or worsening symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, or fever. • Radiation recall. Radiation recall is a skin reaction that can happen in people who have received radiation treatment in the past and are treated with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Tell your healthcare provider if you get swelling, blistering, or a rash that looks like a sunburn in an area that was previously treated with radiation.
The most common side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP when given alone are:
• tiredness • nausea • loss of appetite
The most common side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP when given with cisplatin are:
• vomiting • swelling or sores in your mouth or sore throat • constipation • low white blood cell counts (neutropenia) • low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia) • low red blood cell counts (anemia)
The most common side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP when given with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy are:
• tiredness/weakness • constipation • loss of appetite • vomiting • shortness of breath • nausea • diarrhea • rash • cough • fever
Pemetrexed for injection, USP may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. It is not known if these effects are reversible. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you. Your healthcare provider will do blood test to check for side effects during treatment with pemetrexed for injection, USP. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of pemetrexed for injection, USP, delay treatment, or stop treatment if you have certain side effects. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the side effects of pemetrexed for injection, USP. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Zydus Pharmaceuticals (USA) Inc. at 1-877-993-8779.
General information about the safe and effective use of pemetrexed for injection, USP. Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about pemetrexed for injection, USP that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in pemetrexed for injection, USP? Active ingredient: pemetrexed Inactive ingredients: mannitol USP, hydrochloric acid NF and/or sodium hydroxide NF may have been added to adjust pH. Manufactured by: Zydus Hospira Oncology Private Limited, Ahmedabad, India Distributed by: Zydus Pharmaceuticals (USA) Inc., Pennington, NJ 08534. For more information, go to www.zydususa.com or call 1-877-993-8779.
This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Revised: September 2021

Clinical Studies

14 CLINICAL STUDIES 14.1 Non-Squamous NSCLC Initial Treatment in Combination with Pembrolizumab and Platinum The efficacy of pemetrexed in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy was investigated in Study KEYNOTE-189 (NCT02578680), a randomized, multicenter, double-blind, active-controlled trial conducted in patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC, regardless of PD-L1 tumor expression status, who had not previously received systemic therapy for metastatic disease and in whom there were no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. Patients with autoimmune disease that required systemic therapy within 2 years of treatment; a medical condition that required immunosuppression; or who had received more than 30 Gy of thoracic radiation within the prior 26 weeks were ineligible. Randomization was stratified by smoking status (never versus former/current), choice of platinum (cisplatin versus carboplatin), and tumor PD-L1 status (TPS <1% [negative] versus TPS ≥1%). Patients were randomized (2:1) to one of the following treatment arms: Pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 , pembrolizumab 200 mg, and investigator's choice of cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 or carboplatin AUC 5 mg/mL/min intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 4 cycles followed by pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 and pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously every 3 weeks. pemetrexed was administered after pembrolizumab and prior to platinum chemotherapy on Day 1. Placebo, pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 , and investigator's choice of cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 or carboplatin AUC 5 mg/mL/min intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 4 cycles followed by placebo and pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously every 3 weeks. Treatment with pemetrexed continued until RECIST v1.1 (modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ)-defined progression of disease as determined by the investigator or unacceptable toxicity. Patients randomized to placebo, pemetrexed, and platinum chemotherapy were offered pembrolizumab as a single agent at the time of disease progression. Assessment of tumor status was performed at Week 6, Week 12, and then every 9 weeks thereafter. The main efficacy outcome measures were OS and PFS as assessed by BICR RECIST v1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of five target lesions per organ. Additional efficacy outcome measures were ORR and duration of response, as assessed by the BICR according to RECIST v1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ. A total of 616 patients were randomized: 410 patients to the pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and platinum chemotherapy arm and 206 to the placebo, pemetrexed, and platinum chemotherapy arm. The study population characteristics were: median age of 64 years (range: 34 to 84); 49% age 65 or older; 59% male; 94% White and 3% Asian; 56% ECOG performance status of 1; and 18% with history of brain metastases. Thirty-one percent had tumor PD-L1 expression TPS <1%. Seventy-two percent received carboplatin and 12% were never smokers. A total of 85 patients in the placebo, pemetrexed, and chemotherapy arm received an anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibody at the time of disease progression. The trial demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in OS and PFS for patients randomized to pemetrexed in combination with pembrolizumab and platinum chemotherapy compared with placebo, pemetrexed, and platinum chemotherapy (see Table 10 and Figure 1). Table 10: Efficacy Results of KEYNOTE-189 a Based on the stratified Cox proportional hazard model. b Based on stratified log-rank test. c Response: Best objective response as confirmed complete response or partial response. d Based on Miettinen and Nurminen method stratified by PD-L1 status, platinum chemotherapy and smoking status. NR = not reached Endpoint Pemetrexed Pembrolizumab Platinum Chemotherapy n=410 Placebo Pemetrexed Platinum Chemotherapy n=206 OS Number (%) of patients with event 127 (31%) 108 (52%) Median in months (95% CI) NR (NR, NR) 11.3 (8.7, 15.1) Hazard ratio a (95% CI) 0.49 (0.38, 0.64) p-value b <0.0001 PFS Number of patients with event (%) 244 (60%) 166 (81%) Median in months (95% CI) 8.8 (7.6, 9.2) 4.9 (4.7, 5.5) Hazard ratio a (95% CI) 0.52 (0.43, 0.64) p-value b <0.0001 ORR Overall response rate c (95% CI) 48% (43, 53) 19% (14, 25) Complete response 0.5% 0.5% Partial response 47% 18% p-value d <0.0001 Duration of Response Median in months (range) 11.2 (1.1+, 18.0+) 7.8 (2.1+, 16.4+) Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curve for Overall Survival in KEYNOTE-189 Initial Treatment in Combination with Cisplatin The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMDB (NCT00087711), a multi-center, randomized (1:1), open-label study conducted in 1725 chemotherapy-naive patients with Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed with cisplatin or gemcitabine with cisplatin. Randomization was stratified by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS 0 versus 1), gender, disease stage, basis for pathological diagnosis (histopathological/cytopathological), history of brain metastases, and investigative center. pemetrexed was administered intravenously over 10 minutes at a dose of 500 mg/m 2 on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Cisplatin was administered intravenously at a dose of 75 mg/m 2 approximately 30 minutes after pemetrexed administration on Day 1 of each cycle, gemcitabine was administered at a dose of 1250 mg/m 2 on Day 1 and Day 8, and cisplatin was administered intravenously at a dose of 75 mg/m 2 approximately 30 minutes after administration of gemcitabine, on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Treatment was administered up to a total of 6 cycles; patients in both arms received folic acid, vitamin B 12 , and dexamethasone [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 )] . The primary efficacy outcome measure was overall survival. A total of 1725 patients were enrolled with 862 patients randomized to pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 863 patients to gemcitabine in combination with cisplatin. The median age was 61 years (range 26-83 years), 70% were male, 78% were White, 17% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and 2.1% were Black or African American, and <1% were other ethnicities. Among patients for whom ECOG PS (n=1722) and smoking history (n=1516) were collected, 65% had an ECOG PS of 1, 36% had an ECOG PS of 0, and 84% were smokers. For tumor characteristics, 73% had non-squamous NSCLC and 27% had squamous NSCLC; 76% had Stage IV disease. Among 1252 patients with non-squamous NSCLC histology, 68% had a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma, 12% had large cell histology and 20% had other histologic subtypes. Efficacy results in Study JMDB are presented in Table 11 and Figure 2. Table 11: Efficacy Results in Study JMDB a Unadjusted for multiple comparisons. b Adjusted for gender, stage, basis of diagnosis, and performance status. Efficacy Parameter Pemetrexed plus Cisplatin (N=862) Gemcitabine plus Cisplatin (N=863) Overall Survival Median (months) (95% CI) 10.3 (9.8-11.2) 10.3 (9.6-10.9) Hazard ratio (HR) a,b (95% CI) 0.94 (0.84-1.05) Progression-Free Survival Median (months) (95% CI) 4.8 (4.6-5.3) 5.1 (4.6-5.5) Hazard ratio (HR) a,b (95% CI) 1.04 (0.94-1.15) Overall Response Rate (95% CI) 27.1% (24.2-30.1) 24.7% (21.8-27.6) Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMDB In pre-specified analyses assessing the impact of NSCLC histology on overall survival, clinically relevant differences in survival according to histology were observed. These subgroup analyses are shown in Table 12 and Figures 3 and 4. This difference in treatment effect for pemetrexed based on histology demonstrating a lack of efficacy in squamous cell histology was also observed in Studies JMEN and JMEI. Table 12: Overall Survival in NSCLC Histologic Subgroups in Study JMDB a Unadjusted for multiple comparisons. b Adjusted for ECOG PS, gender, disease stage, and basis for pathological diagnosis (histopathological/cytopathological). Histologic Subgroups Pemetrexed plus Cisplatin (N=862) Gemcitabine plus Cisplatin (N=863) Non-squamous NSCLC (N=1252) Median (months) (95% CI) 11.0 (10.1-12.5) 10.1 (9.3-10.9) HR a,b (95% CI) 0.84 (0.74-0.96) Adenocarcinoma (N=847) Median (months) (95% CI) 12.6 (10.7-13.6) 10.9 (10.2-11.9) HR a,b (95% CI) 0.84 (0.71-0.99) Large Cell (N=153) Median (months) (95% CI) 10.4 (8.6-14.1) 6.7 (5.5-9.0) HR a,b (95% CI) 0.67 (0.48-0.96) Non-squamous, not otherwise specified (N=252) Median (months) (95% CI) 8.6 (6.8-10.2) 9.2 (8.1-10.6) HR a,b (95% CI) 1.08 (0.81-1.45) Squamous Cell (N=473) Median (months) (95% CI) 9.4 (8.4-10.2) 10.8 (9.5-12.1) HR a,b (95% CI) 1.23 (1.00-1.51) Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Non-squamous NSCLC in Study JMDB Figure 4: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Squamous NSCLC in Study JMDB Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Non-pemetrexed Containing Platinum-Based Chemotherapy The efficacy of pemetrexed as maintenance therapy following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy was evaluated in Study JMEN (NCT00102804), a multicenter, randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in 663 patients with Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC who did not progress after four cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously every 21 days or placebo until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Patients in both study arms received folic acid, vitamin B 12 , and dexamethasone [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 )]. Randomization was carried out using a minimization approach [Pocock and Simon (1975)] using the following factors: gender, ECOG PS (0 versus 1), response to prior chemotherapy (complete or partial response versus stable disease), history of brain metastases (yes versus no), non-platinum component of induction therapy (docetaxel versus gemcitabine versus paclitaxel), and disease stage (IIIb versus IV). The major efficacy outcome measures were progression-free survival based on assessment by independent review and overall survival; both were measured from the date of randomization in Study JMEN. A total of 663 patients were enrolled with 441 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 222 patients randomized to placebo. The median age was 61 years (range 26-83 years); 73% were male; 65% were White, 32% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 60% had an ECOG PS of 1; and 73% were current or former smokers. Median time from initiation of platinum-based chemotherapy to randomization was 3.3 months (range 1.6 to 5.1 months) and 49% of the population achieved a partial or complete response to first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. With regard to tumor characteristics, 81% had Stage IV disease, 73% had non-squamous NSCLC and 27% had squamous NSCLC. Among the 481 patients with non-squamous NSCLC, 68% had adenocarcinoma, 4% had large cell, and 28% had other histologies. Efficacy results are presented in Table 13 and Figure 5. Table 13: Efficacy Results in Study JMEN a Hazard ratios are adjusted for multiplicity but not for stratification variables. Efficacy Parameter Pemetrexed Placebo Overall survival N=441 N=222 Median (months) (95% CI) 13.4 (11.9-15.9) 10.6 (8.7-12.0) Hazard ratio a (95% CI) 0.79 (0.65-0.95) p-value p=0.012 Progression-free survival per independent review N=387 N=194 Median (months) (95% CI) 4.0 (3.1-4.4) 2.0 (1.5-2.8) Hazard ratio a (95% CI) 0.60 (0.49-0.73) p-value p<0.00001 Figure 5: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMEN The results of pre-specified subgroup analyses by NSCLC histology are presented in Table 14 and Figures 6 and 7. Table 14: Efficacy Results in Study JMEN by Histologic Subgroup a Hazard ratios are not adjusted for multiplicity b Primary diagnosis of NSCLC not specified as adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma. Overall Survival Progression-Free Survival Per Independent Review Efficacy Parameter Pemetrexed (N=441) Placebo (N=222) Pemetrexed (N=387) Placebo (N=194) Non-squamous NSCLC (n=481) Median (months) 15.5 10.3 4.4 1.8 HR a (95% CI) 0.70 (0.56-0.88) 0.47 (0.37-0.60) Adenocarcinoma (n=328) Median (months) 16.8 11.5 4.6 2.7 HR a (95% CI) 0.73 (0.56-0.96) 0.51 (0.38-0.68) Large cell carcinoma (n=20) Median (months) 8.4 7.9 4.5 1.5 HR a (95% CI) 0.98 (0.36-2.65) 0.40 (0.12-1.29) Other b (n=133) Median (months) 11.3 7.7 4.1 1.6 HR a (95% CI) 0.61 (0.40-0.94) 0.44 (0.28-0.68) Squamous cell NSCLC (n=182) Median (months) 9.9 10.8 2.4 2.5 HR a (95% CI) 1.07 (0.77-1.50) 1.03 (0.71-1.49) Figure 6: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Non-squamous NSCLC in Study JMEN Figure 7: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Squamous NSCLC in Study JMEN Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Pemetrexed Plus Platinum Chemotherapy The efficacy of pemetrexed as maintenance therapy following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy was also evaluated in PARAMOUNT (NCT00789373), a multi-center, randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in patients with Stage IIIb/IV non-squamous NSCLC who had completed four cycles of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD). Patients were required to have an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously every 21 days or placebo until disease progression. Randomization was stratified by response to pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin induction therapy (CR or PR versus SD), disease stage (IIIb versus IV), and ECOG PS (0 versus 1). Patients in both arms received folic acid, vitamin B 12 , and dexamethasone. The main efficacy outcome measure was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and an additional efficacy outcome measure was overall survival (OS); PFS and OS were measured from the time of randomization. A total of 539 patients were enrolled with 359 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 180 patients randomized to placebo. The median age was 61 years (range 32 to 83 years); 58% were male; 95% were White, 4.5% were Asian, and <1% were Black or African American; 67% had an ECOG PS of 1; 78% were current or former smokers; and 43% of the population achieved a partial or complete response to first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. With regard to tumor characteristics, 91% had Stage IV disease, 87% had adenocarcinoma, 7% had large cell, and 6% had other histologies. Efficacy results for PARAMOUNT are presented in Table 15 and Figure 8. Table 15: Efficacy Results in PARAMOUNT a Hazard ratios are adjusted for multiplicity but not for stratification variables. b Based on investigator's assessment. Efficacy Parameter Pemetrexed (N=359) Placebo (N=180) Overall survival Median (months) (95% CI) 13.9 (12.8-16.0) 11.0 (10.0-12.5) Hazard ratio (HR) a (95% CI) 0.78 (0.64-0.96) p-value p=0.02 Progression-free survival b Median (months) (95% CI) 4.1 (3.2-4.6) 2.8 (2.6-3.1) Hazard ratio (HR) a (95% CI) 0.62 (0.49-0.79) p-value p<0.0001 Figure 8: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in PARAMOUNT Treatment of Recurrent Disease After Prior Chemotherapy The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMEI (NCT00004881), a multicenter, randomized (1:1), open-label study conducted in patients with Stage III or IV NSCLC that had recurred or progressed following one prior chemotherapy regimen for advanced disease. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously or docetaxel 75 mg/m 2 as a 1-hour intravenous infusion once every 21 days. Patients randomized to pemetrexed also received folic acid and vitamin B 12 . The study was designed to show that overall survival with pemetrexed was non-inferior to docetaxel, as the major efficacy outcome measure, and that overall survival was superior for patients randomized to pemetrexed compared to docetaxel, as a secondary outcome measure. A total of 571 patients were enrolled with 283 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 288 patients randomized to docetaxel. The median age was 58 years (range 22 to 87 years); 72% were male; 71% were White, 24% were Asian, 2.8% were Black or African American, 1.8% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 88% had an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. With regard to tumor characteristics, 75% had Stage IV disease; 53% had adenocarcinoma, 30% had squamous histology; 8% large cell; and 9% had other histologic subtypes of NSCLC. The efficacy results in the overall population and in subgroup analyses based on histologic subtype are provided in Tables 16 and 17, respectively. Study JMEI did not show an improvement in overall survival in the intent-to-treat population. In subgroup analyses, there was no evidence of a treatment effect on survival in patients with squamous NSCLC; the absence of a treatment effect in patients with NSCLC of squamous histology was also observed Studies JMDB and JMEN [see Clinical Studies ( 14.1 )] . Table 16: Efficacy Results in Study JMEI a Hazard ratios are not adjusted for multiplicity or for stratification variables. Efficacy Parameter Pemetrexed (N=283) Docetaxel (N=288) Overall survival Median (months) (95% CI) 8.3 (7.0-9.4) 7.9 (6.3-9.2) Hazard ratio a (95% CI) 0.99 (0.82-1.20) Progression-free survival Median (months) (95% CI) 2.9 (2.4-3.1) 2.9 (2.7-3.4) Hazard ratio a (95% CI) 0.97 (0.82-1.16) Overall response rate (95% CI) 8.5% (5.2-11.7) 8.3% (5.1-11.5) Table 17: Exploratory Efficacy Analyses by Histologic Subgroup in Study JMEI a Hazard ratio unadjusted for multiple comparisons. b Primary diagnosis of NSCLC not specified as adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma. Histologic Subgroups Pemetrexed (N=283) Docetaxel (N=288) Non-squamous NSCLC (N=399) Median (months) (95% CI) 9.3 (7.8-9.7) 8.0 (6.3-9.3) HR a (95% CI) 0.89 (0.71-1.13) Adenocarcinoma (N=301) Median (months) (95% CI) 9.0 (7.6-9.6) 9.2 (7.5-11.3) HR a (95% CI) 1.09 (0.83-1.44) Large Cell (N=47) Median (months) (95% CI) 12.8 (5.8-14.0) 4.5 (2.3-9.1) HR a (95% CI) 0.38 (0.18-0.78) Other b (N=51) Median (months) (95% CI) 9.4 (6.0-10.1) 7.9 (4.0-8.9) HR a (95% CI) 0.62 (0.32-1.23) Squamous NSCLC (N=172) Median (months) (95% CI) 6.2 (4.9-8.0) 7.4 (5.6-9.5) HR a (95% CI) 1.32 (0.93-1.86) 14.2 Mesothelioma The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMCH (NCT00005636), a multicenter, randomized (1:1), single-blind study conducted in patients with MPM who had received no prior chemotherapy. Patients were randomized (n=456) to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously over 10 minutes followed 30 minutes later by cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 intravenously over two hours on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle or to receive cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 intravenously over 2 hours on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle; treatment continued until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The study was modified after randomization and treatment of 117 patients to require that all patients receive folic acid 350 mcg to 1000 mcg daily beginning 1 to 3 weeks prior to the first dose of pemetrexed and continuing until 1 to 3 weeks after the last dose, vitamin B 12 1000 mcg intramuscularly 1 to 3 weeks prior to first dose of pemetrexed and every 9 weeks thereafter, and dexamethasone 4 mg orally, twice daily, for 3 days starting the day prior to each pemetrexed dose. Randomization was stratified by multiple baseline variables including KPS, histologic subtype (epithelial, mixed, sarcomatoid, other), and gender. The major efficacy outcome measure was overall survival and additional efficacy outcome measures were time to disease progression, overall response rate, and response duration. A total of 448 patients received at least one dose of protocol-specified therapy; 226 patients were randomized to and received at least one dose of pemetrexed plus cisplatin, and 222 patients were randomized to and received cisplatin. Among the 226 patients who received cisplatin with pemetrexed, 74% received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 during study therapy, 14% were never supplemented, and 12% were partially supplemented. Across the study population, the median age was 61 years (range: 20 to 86 years); 81% were male; 92% were White, 5% were Hispanic or Latino, 3.1% were Asian, and <1% were other ethnicities; and 54% had a baseline KPS score of 90-100% and 46% had a KPS score of 70-80%. With regard to tumor characteristics, 46% had Stage IV disease, 31% Stage III, 15% Stage II, and 7% Stage I disease at baseline; the histologic subtype of mesothelioma was epithelial in 68% of patients, mixed in 16%, sarcomatoid in 10% and other histologic subtypes in 6%. The baseline demographics and tumor characteristics of the subgroup of fully supplemented patients was similar to the overall study population. The efficacy results from Study JMCH are summarized in Table 18 and Figure 9. Table 18: Efficacy Results in Study JMCH a Hazard ratios are not adjusted for stratification variables. b Not a pre-specified analysis. Efficacy Parameter All Randomized and Treated Patients (N=448) Fully Supplemented Patients (N=331) Pemetrexed/Cisplatin (N=226) Cisplatin (N=222) Pemetrexed/Cisplatin (N=168) Cisplatin (N=163) Median overall survival (months) 12.1 9.3 13.3 10.0 (95% CI) (10.0-14.4) (7.8-10.7) (11.4-14.9) (8.4-11.9) Hazard ratio a 0.77 0.75 Log rank p-value 0.020 NA b Figure 9: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMCH Based upon prospectively defined criteria (modified Southwest Oncology Group methodology) the objective tumor response rate for pemetrexed plus cisplatin was greater than the objective tumor response rate for cisplatin alone. There was also improvement in lung function (forced vital capacity) in the pemetrexed plus cisplatin arm compared to the control arm. figure 1 figure 2 figure 3 figure 4 Image Image Image Image Image

Clinical Studies Table

a Based on the stratified Cox proportional hazard model.

b Based on stratified log-rank test.

c Response: Best objective response as confirmed complete response or partial response.

d Based on Miettinen and Nurminen method stratified by PD-L1 status, platinum chemotherapy and smoking status.

NR = not reached

Endpoint Pemetrexed Pembrolizumab Platinum Chemotherapy n=410 Placebo Pemetrexed Platinum Chemotherapy n=206
OS
Number (%) of patients with event 127 (31%) 108 (52%)
Median in months (95% CI) NR (NR, NR) 11.3 (8.7, 15.1)
Hazard ratioa (95% CI) 0.49 (0.38, 0.64)
p-valueb <0.0001
PFS
Number of patients with event (%) 244 (60%) 166 (81%)
Median in months (95% CI) 8.8 (7.6, 9.2) 4.9 (4.7, 5.5)
Hazard ratioa (95% CI) 0.52 (0.43, 0.64)
p-valueb <0.0001
ORR
Overall response ratec (95% CI) 48% (43, 53) 19% (14, 25)
Complete response 0.5% 0.5%
Partial response 47% 18%
p-valued <0.0001
Duration of Response
Median in months (range) 11.2 (1.1+, 18.0+) 7.8 (2.1+, 16.4+)

References

15 REFERENCES "OSHA Hazardous Drugs." OSHA. http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardousdrugs/index.html

Geriatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use Of the 3,946 patients enrolled in clinical studies of pemetrexed, 34% were 65 and over and 4% were 75 and over. No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients. The incidences of Grade 3-4 anemia, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, hypertension, and neutropenia were higher in patients 65 years of age and older as compared to younger patients: in at least one of five randomized clinical trials. [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Clinical Studies ( 14.1 , 14.2 )].

Pediatric Use

8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of pemetrexed in pediatric patients have not been established. The safety and pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were evaluated in two clinical studies conducted in pediatric patients with recurrent solid tumors. Pemetrexed was administered at doses ranging from 400 to 2480 mg/m 2 intravenously over 10 minutes on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle to 32 pediatric patients with recurrent solid tumors in a dose-finding study. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was determined to be 1910 mg/m 2 (60 mg/kg for patients <12 months old). Pemetrexed was administered at the MTD every 21 days in an activity-estimating study enrolling 72 patients with relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma/peripheral primitive neural ectodermal tumor (PNET), rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, ependymoma, medulloblastoma/supratentorial PNET, or non-brainstem high grade glioma. Patients in both studies received concomitant vitamin B 12 and folic acid supplementation and dexamethasone. No tumor responses were observed. Adverse reactions observed in pediatric patients were similar to those observed in adults. Single-dose pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed administered at doses ranging from 400 to 2480 mg/m 2 were evaluated in 22 patients (13 males and 9 females) age 4 to 18 years (average age 12 years). Pemetrexed exposure (AUC and C max ) appeared to increase proportionally with dose. Average clearance (2.30 L/h/m 2 ) and half-life (2.3 hours) were similar in pediatric patients compared to adults.

Pregnancy

8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, pemetrexed can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.1 )] . There are no available data on pemetrexed use in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of pemetrexed to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic, resulting in developmental delays and malformations at doses lower than the recommended human dose of 500 mg/m 2 [see Data] . Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus [see Use in Special Populations ( 8.3 )] . In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Pemetrexed was teratogenic in mice. Daily dosing of pemetrexed by intravenous injection to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis increased the incidence of fetal malformations (cleft palate; protruding tongue; enlarged or misshaped kidney; and fused lumbar vertebra) at doses (based on BSA) 0.03 times the human dose of 500 mg/m 2 . At doses, based on BSA, greater than or equal to 0.0012 times the 500 mg/m 2 human dose, pemetrexed administration resulted in dose-dependent increases in developmental delays (incomplete ossification of talus and skull bone; and decreased fetal weight).

Use In Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. ( 8.2 ) 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, pemetrexed can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.1 )] . There are no available data on pemetrexed use in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of pemetrexed to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic, resulting in developmental delays and malformations at doses lower than the recommended human dose of 500 mg/m 2 [see Data] . Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus [see Use in Special Populations ( 8.3 )] . In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Pemetrexed was teratogenic in mice. Daily dosing of pemetrexed by intravenous injection to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis increased the incidence of fetal malformations (cleft palate; protruding tongue; enlarged or misshaped kidney; and fused lumbar vertebra) at doses (based on BSA) 0.03 times the human dose of 500 mg/m 2 . At doses, based on BSA, greater than or equal to 0.0012 times the 500 mg/m 2 human dose, pemetrexed administration resulted in dose-dependent increases in developmental delays (incomplete ossification of talus and skull bone; and decreased fetal weight). 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There is no information regarding the presence of pemetrexed or its metabolites in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from pemetrexed, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with pemetrexed and for one week after last dose. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females Pemetrexed can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.1 )] . Because of the potential for genotoxicity, advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with pemetrexed for at least 6 months after the final dose of pemetrexed. Males Because of the potential for genotoxicity, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with pemetrexed and for 3 months after the final dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology ( 13.1 )] . Infertility Males Pemetrexed may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential. It is not known whether these effects on fertility are reversible [see Nonclinical Toxicology ( 13.1 )] . 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of pemetrexed in pediatric patients have not been established. The safety and pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were evaluated in two clinical studies conducted in pediatric patients with recurrent solid tumors. Pemetrexed was administered at doses ranging from 400 to 2480 mg/m 2 intravenously over 10 minutes on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle to 32 pediatric patients with recurrent solid tumors in a dose-finding study. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was determined to be 1910 mg/m 2 (60 mg/kg for patients <12 months old). Pemetrexed was administered at the MTD every 21 days in an activity-estimating study enrolling 72 patients with relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma/peripheral primitive neural ectodermal tumor (PNET), rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, ependymoma, medulloblastoma/supratentorial PNET, or non-brainstem high grade glioma. Patients in both studies received concomitant vitamin B 12 and folic acid supplementation and dexamethasone. No tumor responses were observed. Adverse reactions observed in pediatric patients were similar to those observed in adults. Single-dose pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed administered at doses ranging from 400 to 2480 mg/m 2 were evaluated in 22 patients (13 males and 9 females) age 4 to 18 years (average age 12 years). Pemetrexed exposure (AUC and C max ) appeared to increase proportionally with dose. Average clearance (2.30 L/h/m 2 ) and half-life (2.3 hours) were similar in pediatric patients compared to adults. 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the 3,946 patients enrolled in clinical studies of pemetrexed, 34% were 65 and over and 4% were 75 and over. No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients. The incidences of Grade 3-4 anemia, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, hypertension, and neutropenia were higher in patients 65 years of age and older as compared to younger patients: in at least one of five randomized clinical trials. [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Clinical Studies ( 14.1 , 14.2 )]. 8.6 Patients with Renal Impairment Pemetrexed is primarily excreted by the kidneys. Decreased renal function results in reduced clearance and greater exposure (AUC) to pemetrexed compared with patients with normal renal function [Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 , 5.6 ) and Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3 )] . No dose is recommended for patients with creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.3 )].

How Supplied

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING How Supplied Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a white to either light yellow or green-yellow lyophilized powder or cake supplied in single-dose vials for reconstitution for intravenous infusion. Strength (mg of pemetrexed) Pack NDC 100 mg/vial Carton of one (1) single-dose vial 70710-1654-1 500 mg/vial Carton of one (1) single-dose vial 70710-1655-1 1000 mg/vial Carton of one (1) single-dose vial 70710-1674-1 Storage and Handling Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Pemetrexed for injection, USP is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. 1

How Supplied Table

Strength (mg of pemetrexed) Pack NDC
100 mg/vial Carton of one (1) single-dose vial 70710-1654-1
500 mg/vial Carton of one (1) single-dose vial 70710-1655-1
1000 mg/vial Carton of one (1) single-dose vial 70710-1674-1

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