This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Drug information

Folic acid

Read time: 6 mins
Last updated: 06 May 2020
Published: 24 Jul 2020

4.1 Therapeutic indications

Folic acid is a component of the B group of vitamins and is necessary for the normal production and maturation of red blood cells.

1. For the treatment of folate-deficient megaloblastic anaemia due to malnutrition, malabsorption syndromes (such as coeliac disease or sprue) and increased utilisation as in pregnancy. It should not be used alone in undiagnosed megaloblastic anaemia including in infancy, pernicious anaemia or macrocytic anaemia of unknown aetiology, unless administered with adequate amounts of hydroxocobalamin.

2. For the prophylaxis of drug induced folate deficiency e.g. caused by administration of phenytoin, phenobarbital and primidone. (See section 4.5).

3. For the prophylaxis against folate deficiency in chronic haemolytic states or in renal dialysis.

4. For the prevention of neural tube defects for woman planning a pregnancy and known to be at risk. (See section 4.6).

Register for free access to this exclusive healthcare learning resource

Why sign up with Medthority?

Develop your knowledge with our disease and condition focused Learning Zones

Access content from credible sources, including expert-led commentary, videos, podcasts, and webinars as well as clinical trials, treatment information and guidelines 

Personalised dashboard providing updates and recommendations for content within your areas of interest

Learning Zones

The Learning Zones are an educational resource for healthcare professionals that provide medical information on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and burden of disease, as well as diagnostic techniques and treatment regimens.




The drug SPC information (indications, contra-indications, interactions, etc), has been developed in collaboration with eMC ( Medthority offers the whole library of SPC documents from eMC.

Medthority will not be held liable for explicit or implicit errors, or missing data.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions 

Drug Licencing

Drugs appearing in this section are approved by UK Medicines & Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), & the European Medicines Agency (EMA).