The Hellenic Postprandial Lipemia Study (HPLS)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The disease is characterized by a high mortality rate (about 40%) and a course continuously altered by lifestyle, gene polymorphisms and therapeutic treatment. Fasting concentration of blood lipids and lipoproteins only partially express the complex relation between dyslipidemia and CHD. Following the indication stated nearly 40 years ago by Zilversmit, there is now accumulating evidence that postprandial lipemia plays an important role in the atherogenic process [ref Kolovou], particularly that most hours of the day are spent in the postprandial state. Furthermore, the increases in blood glucose and triglycerides (TGs) following meals stimulate oxidative stress, impair endothelial function, and rises the inflammatory factors that lead to atherosclerosis. Previous studies reported on postprandial lipemia in subjects with obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, elderly, patients with CHD and others. However, currently the estimation of cardiovascular disease risk is based on fasting blood values of triglycerides (TGs) and inflammatory markers. The effect of postprandial atherogenic factors on the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis is actually not known.The Hellenic Postprandial Lipemia Study (HPLS) was designed to study the consequences of postprandial lipemia in CRP as inflammatory marker in high-risk adults. Furthermore, the HPLS study will investigate whether hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic or antihypertensive medication may lessen the exaggerated postprandial lipemia as well as the rest abnormal postprandial metabolism. Finally, the HPLS study is intending to evaluate the influence of gene polymorphisms involved in lipid and glucose metabolism on postprandial lipemia and cardiovascular outcomes.
|Study start date||2014-06-04|